CANADIAN WOMEN IN WWIHOW THE WAR AFFECTED THEIR POSITION IN CANADIAN SOCIETYAdapted from www.scheuernet.com/mod/resource/view.php?id=98
DO NOT ENTERWomen = too frail, emotional, should stay at home, support from thehome front, be nurses + ambulance drivers.Aboriginal peoples, Chinese, Japanese, East Indian, Blacks = not realCanadians, racist attitudes, yet did not prevent them from serving theirnation!Enemy aliens = Germans, Italian, Austrian-Hungarians.
W E W I L L S E RV E ! O N E WAY O R A N OTH E R !This did not prevent them from serving Canada.
C A N A D I A N WO M E N OV E R S E A SOver 1,000 Canadian women were employed by theRoyal Air Force (RAF) as truck drivers, mechanicsand ambulance drivers.Over 2,000 women enlisted in the Canadian ArmedForces as nurses.
C A N A D I A N WO M E N ’ S PA R T I C I PA T I O N ON THE HOME FRONTIn 1915, with men fighting overseas, there was ashortage of labour/workers.So 30,000 women gained employment in machineshops, metal factories, and shipyards. • They worked in factories making guns, bullets, bombs uniforms, ships, tanks and planes; they were also employed as welders, fitters, machinists, riveters and numerous other jobs that, before the war, were considered mens jobs.
WE CAN DO IT!Women working proved that they could indeed do a“man’s job.”There was much opposition of women moving into thepublic sphere of work especially from the labour unions= they were against hiring women. • If they did employ women they were paid 50% of a man’s wage.
WO M E N ’ S PA I D I N VO LV E M E N TOn top of being involved in the world of paidemployment, women also held positions in: • Social work • Journalism • Public health
WOMEN’S SUCCESSESThere were many successes including: • The Alberta’s Married Women Relief Act (Emily Murphy) which permitted widows to a portion of her deceased husband’s estate. • Unions were organized to improve working conditions in the factories (Helena Gutteridge)
TIME WELL SPENTWomen also volunteered for the Red Cross andorganized committees to send food and letters overseas.Thousands of Canadian women spent their timeraising money for the war effort (concerts, tagdays, teas, card parties, lectures, and bazaars).
TIME WELL SPENTThe women who couldnt work in factories or otherjobs spent much of their time knitting heavyscarves, balaclavas and socks to be sent to the soldierswho were fighting overseas.They also made pillows, sheets, and flannel shirts forthe soldiers.
THE VOTE!On September 20, 1917, women whose husbands, sonsand brothers served in the war were given the right tovote = Military Service Act/War-time Elections Act.All women in Canada, thanks to the Suffragists,received enfranchisement (the right to vote) federally in1918.
I N VA L UA B L E C O N T R I BU T I O N SWomen on the home front were as valuable to the wareffort as soldiers because they kept the Canadian economygoing and took over mens jobs so the men could enlist tofight.