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SOUND SYMBOLISM
Sound symbolism is a branch of linguistics and refers to  the idea that vocal sounds have meaning .
Example Kiki & Bouba
Which of these shapes is  bouba   and which is  kiki ?
Kiki Bouba
90% of the world population  make the same association.
Type of sound symbolism
<ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>least significant type of symbolism </li></ul><ul><li>simply imitative of sounds </...
<ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>least significant type of symbolism </li></ul><ul><li>simply imitative of sounds </...
<ul><li>Clustering </li></ul><ul><li>Words that share a sound sometimes have something in common </li></ul><ul><li>Languag...
“ gl- ”  words for shiny things glisten, gleam, glint, glare, glam, glimmer, glaze, glass, glitz, gloss, glory, glow, and ...
<ul><li>Iconism </li></ul><ul><li>Comparing words that have the same sort of referent. </li></ul><ul><li>Universal </li></...
An /m/ before the /p/ in some words makes the  action more forceful   - compare 'stamp' with 'step' or 'tamp' with 'tap' 1...
Phenomimes Some languages (Japanese, Korean,…) possess a category of words midway between onomatopoeia and usual words. 1 ...
どきどき  [doki doki] means  a throbbing heart きらきら   [kira kira] means  sparklingly 1 2 3 4
How sound symbolism can be useful? <ul><li>To choose a brand name </li></ul><ul><li>In poetry </li></ul><ul><li>To learn a...
Clustering in German <ul><li>In German, nouns starting with &quot;kno-&quot; and &quot;knö-&quot; are mostly small and rou...
Clustering in German <ul><li>Knoblauch “garlic” </li></ul><ul><li>Knöchel “ankle” </li></ul><ul><li>Knödel “dumpling” </li...
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Sound Symbolism

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Sound Symbolism

  1. 1. SOUND SYMBOLISM
  2. 2. Sound symbolism is a branch of linguistics and refers to the idea that vocal sounds have meaning .
  3. 3. Example Kiki & Bouba
  4. 4. Which of these shapes is bouba and which is kiki ?
  5. 5. Kiki Bouba
  6. 6. 90% of the world population make the same association.
  7. 7. Type of sound symbolism
  8. 8. <ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>least significant type of symbolism </li></ul><ul><li>simply imitative of sounds </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bing” “Bang” “ Wooosh ” </li></ul><ul><li>Universal </li></ul>1 2 3 4
  9. 9. <ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>least significant type of symbolism </li></ul><ul><li>simply imitative of sounds </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bing” “Bang” “ Wooosh ” </li></ul><ul><li>Universal </li></ul>1 2 3 4
  10. 10. <ul><li>Clustering </li></ul><ul><li>Words that share a sound sometimes have something in common </li></ul><ul><li>Language dependent </li></ul>1 2 3 4
  11. 11. “ gl- ” words for shiny things glisten, gleam, glint, glare, glam, glimmer, glaze, glass, glitz, gloss, glory, glow, and glitter. 1 2 3 4
  12. 12. <ul><li>Iconism </li></ul><ul><li>Comparing words that have the same sort of referent. </li></ul><ul><li>Universal </li></ul>1 2 3 4
  13. 13. An /m/ before the /p/ in some words makes the action more forceful - compare 'stamp' with 'step' or 'tamp' with 'tap' 1 2 3 4
  14. 14. Phenomimes Some languages (Japanese, Korean,…) possess a category of words midway between onomatopoeia and usual words. 1 2 3 4
  15. 15. どきどき [doki doki] means a throbbing heart きらきら [kira kira] means sparklingly 1 2 3 4
  16. 16. How sound symbolism can be useful? <ul><li>To choose a brand name </li></ul><ul><li>In poetry </li></ul><ul><li>To learn a new language </li></ul>
  17. 17. Clustering in German <ul><li>In German, nouns starting with &quot;kno-&quot; and &quot;knö-&quot; are mostly small and round.. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Clustering in German <ul><li>Knoblauch “garlic” </li></ul><ul><li>Knöchel “ankle” </li></ul><ul><li>Knödel “dumpling” </li></ul><ul><li>Knolle “tuber” </li></ul><ul><li>Knopf “button” </li></ul><ul><li>Knorren “knot (in a tree)” </li></ul><ul><li>Knospe “bud (of a plant)” </li></ul><ul><li>Knoten “knot (in string or rope)” </li></ul>
  19. 19. Do you have a question?

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