Classical Music Multiple melodic lines and the use of the first bass instruments. The European tradition of music which is associated with high class culture as distinct from popular or folk forms
Impressionist music, 1910-1920, a period in which French composers as well as artists produced art that went against the traditional German ways of art and music. Characterized by the pentatonic scale, long, flowing phrases and a use of brass instruments as the main parts in creating the texture, rather than stringed instruments.
JAZZ Jazz is a musical art form that originated in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States around the start of the 20th century. Jazz uses improvisation, blue notes, swing, cal and response, polyrhythms, and syncopation, and blends African American musical styles with Western music technique and theory.
Jazz has roots in the combination of West African and Western music traditions, including spirituals, blues and ragtime, stemming from West Africa, western Sahel, and New England's religious hymns, hillbilly music, and European military band music. After originating in African American communities near the beginning of the 20th century, jazz styles spread in the 1920s, influencing other musical styles. The origins of the word jazz are uncertain. The word is rooted in American slang, and various derivations have been suggested. For the origin and history of the word jazz , see Origin of the word jazz.
POP Pop music is a genre of popular music distinguished from classical or art music and from folk music. The term indicates specific stylistic traits such as a danceable beat, simple melodies and a repetitive structure.
Pop music often includes elements of rock, hip hop, reggae, dance, R&B, jazz, and sometimes even folk. The pop music genre often involves mass marketing and consumer-driven efforts by major record companies, which makes it an often scorned genre by other musicians. Pop music generally uses a simple, memorable melody and may use stripped-down rhythms. The songs are often about love or dancing. It is considered to be the most popular genre of music today. Music videos and live performances are often used for exposure in the media, and artists may have extravagant stage shows and use choreographed dancing.
RAP HIP HOP Hip hop music , also known as rap music , is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. It consists of two main components: rapping (MCing) and Djing (production and scratching).
Typically, hip hop music consists of rhythmic lyrics making use of techniques like assonance, alliteration, and rhyme. The rapper is accompanied by an instrumental track, usually referred to as a "beat," performed by a DJ, created by a producer, or one or more instrumentalists.
ROCK Rock is a form of popular music with a prominent vocal melody accompanied by guitar, drums, and often bass. Many styles of rock music also use keyboard instruments such as organ, piano, or synthesizers. Rock music usually has a strong back beat, and usually revolves around the electric guitar.
Rock music has its roots in 1950s-era rock and roll and rockabilly. In the late 1960s, rock music was blended with folk music to create folk rock, and with jazz, to create jazz-rock fusion. In the 1970s, rock incorporated influences from soul, funk, and Latin music. In the 1970s, rock developed a number of subgenres, such as soft rock, blues rock, heavy metal-style rock, progressive rock, art rock, techno-rock, synth-rock and punk rock
Rock n' Roll came from rhythm & blues, country, and in turn its influence fed back to these cultures, a process of borrowings, influences that continues to develop rock music. Rock 'n' Roll had runaway success in the U.S. and brought rhythm and blues-influenced music to an international audience. Its success led to a dilution of the meaning of the term "rock and roll", as promoters were quick to attach the label to other commercial pop. Rock subgenres from the 1980s included hard rock, Indie rock and alternative rock. In the 1990s, rock subgenres included grunge-style rock Britpop, and Indie rock.
ELECTRONIC Electronic music is a term for music created using electronic devices. As defined by the IEEE standards body, electronic devices are often low-power systems that use components such as transistors and integrated circuits.
For musicological purposes, strictly "Electronic music" does not include electronic devices that are made to accurately simulate and substitute for specific non-electronic instruments for cost or convenience purposes. Hybrid forms of "Electronic music" exist that combine both Electronic instruments and acoutstic or electromechanical instruments.