Cinema

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A work by João Dores and Pedro

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Cinema

  1. 1. Cinema An English Work
  2. 2. What is cinema? <ul><li>Cinema is a short form for cinematograph(er) </li></ul><ul><li>It is the technique of projecting photograms in a fast and successive way to create the sense of movement </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Origin of Cinema <ul><li>Cinema was made possible thanks to the invention of the cinematograph by the Lumière Brothers in the end of the 19th century (on December 28, 1895), in the basement lounge of the Grand Café on the Boulevard des Capucines in Paris. </li></ul>Le cinematographe - 1985 (front and side views)
  4. 4. The Origin of Cinema <ul><li>They accomplished the first public cinema exhibition: a series of ten films, with a duration from 40 to 50 seconds each, since the film rolls had fifteen meters length. </li></ul>Louis and Auguste Lumière
  5. 5. The Origin of Cinema <ul><li>Until today, titles like “The arrival of the train at the Station&quot;, or “Leaving the Lumière factories”, which were first presented in this early cinema session by the Lumière, are still famous. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Origin of Cinema <ul><li>For 30 years, cinema was made without the use of sound, and it became one of the biggest arts of the new century. </li></ul>Metropolis, Fritz Lang (Germany, 1927)
  7. 7. The Origin of Cinema <ul><li>The exhibitions of the first films in theaters, operas or fairs were invariably accompanied by live music and captions. </li></ul>The Phantom of the Opera, Lon Chaney Sr. (USA, 1925)
  8. 8. Who makes cinema? <ul><li>Actors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In cinema, an actor is the person who creates, interprets and roleplays a dramatic action based on texts, visual, sound and other effects, previously created by an author or producer. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Who makes cinema? <ul><li>Cinema Directors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The cinema Director is considered, in general terms, the creator of the cinematographic work. Although his role varies from one to another film director, strategies, method, …), the movies director's work is one of supervision and guidance. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Types of Cinema <ul><li>Silent Films </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A silent film is a film that doesn't have an accompanying soundtrack that corresponds directly to the exhibited images, being this gap usually replaced by music or rudimentary sound effects produced during the exhibition. </li></ul></ul>The Jazz Singer, 1927
  11. 11. Types of Cinema <ul><li>Full-Length or Feature Films </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is a cinematographic work which lasts more than 70 minutes. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Types of Cinema <ul><li>Short film or one-reeler film </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a film that takes approximately 20 minutes at its most. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Types of Cinema <ul><li>Documentary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A documentary is a film about current matters that is characterized by the commitment with the exploration of the reality. However, that doesn’t mean that it represents reality exactly as it is. </li></ul></ul>March of the Penguins – Best Documentary 2005
  14. 14. Types of Cinema <ul><li>Animation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animation refers to a film which is produced individually. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nowadays it can be generated by means of graphic computation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures are drawn and then photographed repeatedly. Then, the pictures are linked to each other and the resulting film is seen at a speed of 16 or more images per second, providing us with an illusion of continuous movement. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Sources: <ul><li>http://inventors.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http://www.holonet.khm.de/visual%5Falchemy/lumiere.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silent_film </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.filmsite.org/jazz.html </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Work Done By: </li></ul><ul><li>Pedro Ferreira, no. 22 </li></ul><ul><li>João Dores, no.18 </li></ul>

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