students to study
enquiry into the
Teacher edit mode
Student view mode
Sten Govaerts, Adrian Holzer
and Denis Gillet, "Enriching
face-to-face and digital
interaction with SpeakUp:
challenges & lessons
Number of messages
2 3 4 5 6
Messages relevant to the lecturer
Message not relevant to the lecturer
FC = Frontchannel
BC = Backchannel
FC BC FC BC FC BC FC BC
Lecture 2 Lecture 3 Lecture 4 Lecture 5 Lecture 6
it’s not all
temporary social media:
non-users: not needed…
research question: how digital and f2f
interactions be interweaved?
experiments with different protocols
digital ▲, then
co-location need ▼
research question: how can participation
SpeakUp increases participation.
how can participation become
more representative & inclusive?
research question: how to balance
attention, distraction & awareness?
experiments with public display
push notifications to foster digital
but, when, what and how?
using wearable tech?