in school in rural
Lack of trainings
Lack of manpower in
handling the technical
was found to be
Heavy investment on facilities
Government need to spend a lot for electronic facilities
and new books.
The cost and maintenance fees for the facilities are high.
Effective implementation of Smart Schools will require:
funding for the building of new schools with its entire
upgrading facilities in existing schools
teacher training institutions
maintenance of new technology
Lack of democratization in
Students have no choice on what to learn and when to sit
They don’t have enough time to study and understand the
lesson as they have different ability to learn.
Lack of manpower in handling the
Lack of technological infrastructure
and teaching materials in school in
Limited internet connection
Limitation of infrastructure, such as computer labs
lead to ineffectiveness of technology supported
teaching and learning.
Shortage of computers.
Smart school hardware, software
and courseware was found to be
Some teachers are not keen on using the courseware
lack of ICT knowledge
not comfortable with the use of hardware and
prefer traditional way of teaching which is chalk and
a waste of time.
The design of the courseware does not accommodate for
students’ with differing needs and learning abilities.
Courseware lacks proper guidelines to use.
Software used in school and MOE is causing problem:
to key in data
cannot be used by school’s computer
the processor takes a longer time and slow.
the hardware is out of date
lack of knowledge can cause damage to computer
Lack of trainings
Some teachers cannot teach effectively.
New teachers lack intensive training.
Experienced teachers lack of ICT knowledge.
Students felt that learning using computer is very time
Teachers have to prepare earlier if they want to use the
computer lab for teaching and it will disturb the process
of teaching and learning.
Students nowadays are passive.
They hope every material is provided by their teacher.
Don’t disturb me !!!
Parents are not involved in this project.
Busy with their work so that they can upgrade their
life and provide the better environment to their
Negative attitude of teachers
A teacher (especially senior teachers) has been
blended with traditional methods and difficult to
adapt new instructional technology.
Staff development program (courses)
Did not involve every staff.
General academic performance
Academic performance of Malaysian students
improved across all national examinations in 2009 in
core subjects – Language, Mathematics and Science
Primary School scores increased by 11.4%, Lower
Secondary scores by 6.4% and Malaysian Certificate of
Education (SPM) scores by 3.4%
Smart School Qualification
a monitoring tool to measure the use of ICT in schools
schools are given Star Ranking each year based on
their performance in four areas:
use of ICT
competency of end-users (students, teachers,
adoption of applications provided by MOE
(modules and courseware)
Smart School Qualification
As of October 2009, MOE has awarded ‘Smart School’
rating to 7575 schools. This means they have achieved
at least 3 stars
Dr Norrizan Razali, Senior Manager, Smart School
Department, MDec explains the Star Rankings: “A
three-star school has adopted technology. Its teachers
‘plug and play’ content or electronic courseware
provided by MOE. It merely adopts ICT with little or
no enhancement or customization of the material to
suit its needs”.
Of the 7575 Smart Schools, 67% are at 3-star ranking,
32% at 4-star and 1% at 5-star
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