Isfd 41 18-lee4-genre, text, grammar

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This is a reading guide, with some theory for college students. Subject Language and Written Expression 4.

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Isfd 41 18-lee4-genre, text, grammar

  1. 1. GENRE, TEXT,GRAMMARLanguage and Written Expression 4
  2. 2. GENRE-basedapproaches to WRITINGare based on a FUNCTIONALMODEL ofLANGUAGE>>>emphasis on socialconstructedness of language
  3. 3. Text & Discourse TEXT is discourse in verbalcommunication. TEXT IN USE = DISCOURSE TEXT is a meaning poducing event. DISCOURSE is formed by sequences ofutterances. Ambiguity found in an isolated utterancedisappears within DISCOURSE.
  4. 4. How is a TEXT created?
  5. 5. Derewianca`s model (2001)
  6. 6. How did this model evolve? CONTEXT OF SITUATION & CONTEXT OFCULTURE>>Malinowski (1923, 1935) Development of Malinowski’smodel>>Firth (1957) LANGUAGE SYSTEM>>M. Halliday (1985,1994 Prev. Model>>Derewianca (2001)
  7. 7. CONTEXT of SITUATION (& LanguageSystem)Field (>>IDEATIONAL FUNCTION) refers to the subject matter or topic. "What is happening?" "What is the activity?“Tenor (>>INTERERSONAL FUNCTION) refers to the roles of the participants in aninteraction. "Who are participating and what is their relativestatus or power?“Mode (>>TEXTUAL FUNCTION) refers to the channel of communication. "What is the language doing?"
  8. 8. LANGUAGE is NATURAL& CULTURAL INDIVIDUAL& SOCIAL
  9. 9. Genre Analysis – Bhatia’s ‘four-space’Genre Analysis – Bhatia’s ‘four-space’modelmodelLanguage as textLanguage as textLanguage as genreLanguage as genreLanguage as professionalLanguage as professionalpracticepracticeLanguage as social practiceLanguage as social practice(Bhatia, 2004)(Bhatia, 2004)
  10. 10. Speech vs WRITING To communicate Sound Temporal Immediate Sequencial Little editing (timefillers) To communicate Visual Exists in TIME Deferred Hierarchical Can be editted Enhancesabstraction>>language development
  11. 11. Why genre, text & grammar approach? “[T]o provide students with theability to use the codes of writing(the genres and grammar) effectivelyand efficiently. Without these codeswriting can be a frustating andunproductive process.” (Knapp &Watkins, 2005:17)
  12. 12. (Knapp &Watkins,2005:27)
  13. 13. 5 fundamental genresDescribingExplainingInstructingArguingNarrating
  14. 14. Bibliogr. SourcesBahtia, V. (2004):Bahtia, V. (2004): Worlds of Written Discourse: A Genre-BasedWorlds of Written Discourse: A Genre-BasedViewView . U.K. :. U.K. : Continuum International Publishing Group.Continuum International Publishing Group.Halliday, M. (1985): Introduction to Functional Grammar. London: EArnold.Knapp, P. & Watkins, M. (2005): Genre, Grammar,Text.Technologies forTeaching and Assessing Writing. Australia: UNSW Press.

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