ResilientCities

873 views

Published on

ResilientCities

Published in: Business, Economy & Finance
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
873
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
16
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Pelling
  • Pelling
  • Pelling
  • Rispetto alle 4 fasi in sequenza della protezione civile io guardo qui non alla sequena temporale ma all’allargamento spaziale dellas resiliernt city
  • The system allows to visualize and query probabilistic seismic hazard maps of the Italian national territory, represented by several shaking parametrs on a regular grid spaced by 0.05°.The maps display two shaking parameters,  PGA  (horizontal peak ground acceleration) and  Sa (spectral acceleration); the unit of measure is  g , i.e. the gravity acceleration, corresponding to 9.8m/sec^2. Only for  PGA  values the associated disaggregation analysis is available. Maps in  PGA  were evaluated for different probabilities of exceedance in 50 years (9 probabilities, from 2% to 81%). For each evaluation it is available the distribution of the 50th percentile (median map, which is the reference map for every probability of exceedance) and the distribution of the 16th and 84th percentiles, which give the variability of each estimate. The details about the computation of these hazard estimates are available at the page describing deliverable D2 of this project ( http://esse1.mi.ingv.it/d2.html ) Also maps in  Sa  were calculated for the same probabilities of exceedance in 50 years (9 probabilities, from 2% to 81%) and for different periods (10 periods, from 0.1 to 2 seconds). Also in this case for each evaluation is available the distribution of the 50th percentile (median map, which is the reference map for every probability of exceedance) and the distribution of the 16th and 84th percentiles, which give the variability of each estimate. The details about the computation of these hazard estimates are available at the page describing deliverable D3 of this project ( http://esse1.mi.ingv.it/d3.html ) The user, in the area  Map Selection  can select the parameters of the required map, then pressing the  Redraw map  button will have the required map. For every single node of the reference grid, throught the instrument  Graph on the grid point , it is possible to ask for the details of the visualized shaking parameter in graphical format, together with the tabular data. From the  PGA  map, for each node, the user will get the corresponding hazard curve (the  PGA  Vs different annual probabilities of exceedance); from the  Sa  map the user will get the UHS (Uniform Hazard Spectra) for different probabilities of exceedance. For every single node of the reference grid it is possible to ask for the details in graphical and tabular format of the disaggregation analysis of the associated  PGA  value, using the tool Disaggregation graph ; also the mean values of M, D, and ε (the mean magnitude, distance, epsilon values that mostly contribute to the hazard) will be returned. The details about the achievent of these analysis are available at the page describing deliverable D14 of this project ( http://esse1.mi.ingv.it/d14.html )
  • ResilientCities

    1. 1. GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS, URBAN MODELING, SPATIAL STATISTICS 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach Lucia Tilio, Beniamino Murgante, Francesco Di Trani, Marco Vona, Angelo Masi ICCSA 2011
    2. 2. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi summary Facing with disasters Risks Management Vulnerability and Resilience A spatial Multicriteria approach Conclusion and directions Resilient City
    3. 3. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    4. 4. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Messina, 28 december 1908 S. Giuliano, 31 october 2002 L’Aquila, 6 April 2009 Potenza, 23 november 1980 Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    5. 5. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Need to be SuperHeroes??? Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    6. 6. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi No!need to be normal Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    7. 7. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi … and to act! scientists Decision makers Common people Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    8. 8. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Risks Management Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    9. 9. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    10. 10. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Hazard Global map, Giardini, Gryintal, Shedlock, Zhang, 1999 Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    11. 11. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Exposure Population density (people per km2) by country, 2006 Miguel Contreras, lala land, 2007 Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    12. 12. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Vulnerability Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    13. 13. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Vulnerability Structural vulnerability Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    14. 14. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Vulnerability Structural vulnerability Urban vulnerability Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    15. 15. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    16. 16. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Resilience time System state S e T d S e = Equilibrium State T d = Disaster And then ? Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    17. 17. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Resilience Planned preparation Spontaneous adjustments Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    18. 18. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Resilience Social aspects Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    19. 19. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Resilience Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions Resilience is capacity of a system, community or society potentially exposed to hazards to adapt by resisting or changing in order to reach and maintain an acceptable level of functioning and structure and is determined by the degree to which the social system is capable of organizing itself to increase its capacity of learning from past disasters for better future protection and to improve risk reduction measures.
    20. 20. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    21. 21. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Resilient City Institutions Associations Organizations Citoyens Public Buildings Roads Lifelines Strategic Buildings Bridges Buildings Human communities Physical Systems Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    22. 22. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Resilient City Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    23. 23. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Resilient City Forecasting Post Emergency Phase Emergency Phase Prevention Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    24. 24. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Resilient City: how to identify? In Marsicovetere, Basilicata Region, South of Italy Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    25. 25. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi Marsicovetere (e Villa d’Agri) <ul><li>Important town in the Valley, “Val d’Agri” </li></ul><ul><li>Seismic Area </li></ul>Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    26. 26. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi spatial multicriteria model Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    27. 27. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi a raster model pixels are the decisional alternatives Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    28. 28. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi criterion maps Accessibility a pixel is as better as it is closer to road network Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    29. 29. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi criterion maps Slope a pixel is as better as its slope is low Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    30. 30. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi criterion maps Proximity to urban area a pixel is as better as it is closer to urban area Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    31. 31. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi criterion maps Proximity to strategic buildings a pixel is as better as it is closer to strategic buildings (e.g. hospitals) Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    32. 32. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi criterion maps Distance from hydrographic network a pixel is as better as it is further to hydrographic network Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    33. 33. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi criterion maps a pixel is as better as it its vulnerability is low Structural Vulnerability Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    34. 34. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi criterion maps a pixel is as better as it its vulnerability is low Structural Vulnerability Marsicovetere Villa d’Agri Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    35. 35. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi criterion maps a pixel is as better as it its vulnerability is low Structural Vulnerability Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    36. 36. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi criterion maps a pixel is as better as its seismic hazard is low High Seismic Hazard Areas Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    37. 37. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi constraint maps High Landslide Risk and Flooding Areas a pixel is removed if its landslide and flooding risk is high Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    38. 38. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi constraint maps a pixel is removed if soils characteristics are not good Seismic Microzonation Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    39. 39. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi constraint maps a pixel is removed if it is “occupied” by structures and infrastructures Areas physically occupied by buildings and roads Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    40. 40. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi weights definition three scenarios Pairwise comparison according to Saaty A “ neutral ” scenario: all criteria have same importance. A “ functional ” point of view: criteria related to accessibility and built-up areas proximity are more important than others. A “ safety ” point of view: criteria related to natural risks are more important than others. Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    41. 41. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi weights definition Pairwise comparison according to Saaty Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    42. 42. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi resilient city Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions
    43. 43. GEOG-AN-MOD 2011 Resilient City and Seismic Risk: A Spatial Multicriteria Approach L. Tilio, B. Murgante, F. Di Trani, M. Vona, A. Masi conclusions A first approach to resilient city identification Some lack of information A map to communicate resilience The right scale? Another multicriteria model ? How to maximize resilience More criteria to diversify alternatives Facing wth disasters Risks management Vulnerability and Resilience Resilient City Spatial Multicriteria Approach Conclusions and directions

    ×