The Evolution of Office Culture and Its Spaces


April 5, 2010

Jin Sun Park
Michael Vendola
Office Space: Past and Present

 Openness vs. Privacy


 Interaction vs. Autonomy



             Office Landscape c.
      ...
Work: Past and Present

Changing values of security and safety

  •Looking for lifetime employment in 1950’s

  •On averag...
Corporate Parks




•Prior to World War II, most corporations still clustered in the downtowns
of major cities

•After the...
Western Electric Model 500

• Iconic rotary-dial phone was
  introduced in 1949 and designed by
  Henry Dreyfuss


• Five ...
Steelcase Office Furniture

• Line of free standing desks
  and modules was Industry’s
  first office furniture in colors


•...
Resolve Systems Furniture
(Herman Miller)

• Systems furniture was
  introduced as a modular office
  furniture system with...
Green Desk Office

• Affordable, month-to-month
  rental office spaces in Dumbo,
  Brooklyn


• Fully furnished workspace, w...
Smartphones

• Blackberry had 21% of
  worldwide Smartphone sales in
  Q2, 2009


• In May 2009, RIM announced
  the numbe...
Phones




Adoption of technology in work place               Blurring lines of private life vs. work life

Ergonomics in ...
Office Space




Result of the automobile boom, interstate                       Rise of land and energy costs = challenge
...
Office Furniture




Undivided layout and side-by-side workstations   Systems furniture address two crucial issues in
creat...
FORCES AT WORK (1950’s): Automobile boom, Increased infrastructure,
Post-war manufacturing technologies, Mass Production a...
FORCES AT WORK (Present) :Technology (mobile technology), Privacy and Personal Space vs.
Collaboration, Cultural Shifts an...
The Evolution of Office Space

                               • Shifting values of what
                                 co...
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Cultural Evolution of Office Space

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The contrasting meaning of office space from Post-WW2/50s to today. Their purpose and how they shape social interaction.
The contrasting way we live past and present and how the space
spotlights this.

Published in: Design
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  • Cultural Evolution of Office Space

    1. 1. The Evolution of Office Culture and Its Spaces April 5, 2010 Jin Sun Park Michael Vendola
    2. 2. Office Space: Past and Present Openness vs. Privacy Interaction vs. Autonomy Office Landscape c. 1950: German movement in open plan office space planning. The European post WWII socialist environment encourage all levels of staff to sit together in open floor. Networking (present): move away from cubicle design and encourage sociability while allowing privacy and use of personal space.
    3. 3. Work: Past and Present Changing values of security and safety •Looking for lifetime employment in 1950’s •On average, 10.5 job changes for boomers •Rediscovering the job as the most valuable asset a person can have
    4. 4. Corporate Parks •Prior to World War II, most corporations still clustered in the downtowns of major cities •After the war, corporations needed more space to house the growing bureaucracies to run the organizations •Top research and development scientists demanded work environments that resembled universities
    5. 5. Western Electric Model 500 • Iconic rotary-dial phone was introduced in 1949 and designed by Henry Dreyfuss • Five years passed before the model saw its first innovation: five additional colors • Not until the touchtone was introduced in 1963, did the 500 begin to seem outdated
    6. 6. Steelcase Office Furniture • Line of free standing desks and modules was Industry’s first office furniture in colors • Office landscape design intended to provide a more collaborative work environment
    7. 7. Resolve Systems Furniture (Herman Miller) • Systems furniture was introduced as a modular office furniture system with dividers and flexible work surfaces • Panels allow for privacy but encourage sociability, greater work diversity, and cost- effective use of real-estate
    8. 8. Green Desk Office • Affordable, month-to-month rental office spaces in Dumbo, Brooklyn • Fully furnished workspace, with high-speed internet access and a phone line • Utilities, copying, scanning, printing, faxing, cleaning and fresh organic coffee included • Changing value of physical office space
    9. 9. Smartphones • Blackberry had 21% of worldwide Smartphone sales in Q2, 2009 • In May 2009, RIM announced the number of BlackBerry subscribers has reached approximately 28.5 million • Nielsen reports that there will be 142.8 million Smartphone users by 2011
    10. 10. Phones Adoption of technology in work place Blurring lines of private life vs. work life Ergonomics in the work place to encourage safety Work-life imbalance and productivity
    11. 11. Office Space Result of the automobile boom, interstate Rise of land and energy costs = challenge highways, and suburbia Changing values of physical work space + “The corporate campus, corporate estate, and office park were economic work environment the means by which the leaders of postwar capitalism fled the urban core: a vivid abandonment of the city center by the powerful, self-interested parties....”
    12. 12. Office Furniture Undivided layout and side-by-side workstations Systems furniture address two crucial issues in created a more collaborative and humane work the work place: privacy/personal space & environment. collaboration
    13. 13. FORCES AT WORK (1950’s): Automobile boom, Increased infrastructure, Post-war manufacturing technologies, Mass Production and Mass Consumption
    14. 14. FORCES AT WORK (Present) :Technology (mobile technology), Privacy and Personal Space vs. Collaboration, Cultural Shifts and Meaning of Office Space, Recession
    15. 15. The Evolution of Office Space • Shifting values of what constitutes an office space: Public vs. Private – Work vs. Home • “Doing away with the office!”

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