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1
National Urban Transport
Programmes and Policies
Stefan Bakker
GIZ Consultant, sjabakker@gmail.com
Sustainable Urban Tra...
215/01/2016
International Review of National
Urban Transport Policies and
Programmes
 Brazil
 Colombia
 France
 German...
315/01/2016
Financing
Technical
Capacity
Planning
Institutions
Framing national urban transport policies
4
Technicaland
financialcontrol
15/01/2016
From central to decentral
National Government
Focused programme with
technical ...
5
Germany: National Level Funding
Sources
15/01/2016
Federal Local Transport
Financing Law (GVFG)
• Started in 1971 as par...
615/01/2016
Provides funds (e.g. from fuel taxes) to provinces for specific
programmes and projects
Defines criteria such ...
7
8
9
Funding shares
1015/01/2016
Lessons learned
 Reliable national funding is needed to foster urban sustainable
transport
 National urban ...
1115/01/2016
Additional slides
12
China Transit Metropolis Programme
• Framed by Transit Priority Policy
• Encourages and supports cities in improving th...
13
China Transit Metropolis Programme
The impacts of the Transit Metropolis Programme result from:
■ The definition of tra...
1415/01/2016
3 Leverage Points to Move Ahead
Combination of national-provincial-local
sustainable funding mechanisms
• Chi...
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National urban transport programmes and policies_hanoi_january2016

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Review of 8 countries' approaches in promoting sustainable urban transport by national funding and support programmes. Based on GIZ publication

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National urban transport programmes and policies_hanoi_january2016

  1. 1. 1 National Urban Transport Programmes and Policies Stefan Bakker GIZ Consultant, sjabakker@gmail.com Sustainable Urban Transport and Climate Change training, Hanoi 14 January 2016
  2. 2. 215/01/2016 International Review of National Urban Transport Policies and Programmes  Brazil  Colombia  France  Germany  India  Mexico  United Kingdom  United States of America Available for download in English and Chinese from www.sustainabletransport.org Financing Sustainable Urban Transport
  3. 3. 315/01/2016 Financing Technical Capacity Planning Institutions Framing national urban transport policies
  4. 4. 4 Technicaland financialcontrol 15/01/2016 From central to decentral National Government Focused programme with technical requirements, e.g. MRT Mass transit project (BRT/ LRT/ Suburban trains) National Government Urban transport fund Centralised System Decentralised System State or municipal governments Technicaland financialcontrol Many different transport projects based on local needs State or municipal governments
  5. 5. 5 Germany: National Level Funding Sources 15/01/2016 Federal Local Transport Financing Law (GVFG) • Started in 1971 as part of a major upgrading in transport infrastructure • Focus on investments • Co-financing transport projects by 75% (for East Germany up to 90%) • Co-financing large scale local rail infrastructure (> 50 mln Euro) by 60% Federal Regionalized Transport Law (RG) • Started in 1993 jointly with major railway reform • Focus on operational subsidies mainly for regional rail • 6.5 billion Euro (currently) • Channeling all funds to the provinces/Länder (according to a share based on the number of inhabitants)
  6. 6. 615/01/2016 Provides funds (e.g. from fuel taxes) to provinces for specific programmes and projects Defines criteria such as cost-benefit analysis, environmental impact assessment, public participation etc. Regulates market access of transport operators and minimum standards Require comprehensive mobility plans from cities Provide funds to cities and identify projects Fund regional railways such as S-Bahn (tendering services) Initiate Regional Transport Associations (Verkehrsverbund) Plan and finance infrastructure projects (with support from provinces) based on regional public transport plans Tender public transport services and define quality criteria in service contracts Subsidies local transport operators Issue special tickets to students and senior citizens NATIONAL PROVINCIAL MUNICIPAL Split of Responsibilities across Government Levels
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. 9 Funding shares
  10. 10. 1015/01/2016 Lessons learned  Reliable national funding is needed to foster urban sustainable transport  National urban transport policies and funding have been essential in creating comprehensive public transport systems in many countries  No one size fits all – funding schemes evolve as capacities grow  Capacity development for comprehensive mobility planning is required  The maintenance trap  Tap additional revenues for sustainable urban transport in parallel to national funding schemes: TDM, land value capture und reduction of fuel subsidies  Explore NAMAs to foster national urban transport policies and financing mechanisms
  11. 11. 1115/01/2016 Additional slides
  12. 12. 12 China Transit Metropolis Programme • Framed by Transit Priority Policy • Encourages and supports cities in improving their public transport systems, inter-modal integration, and TOD. • Activities in 37 pilot cities. • National level defines indicators, nominates pilot cities, approves of city- level activities and takes decisions on funding provided. • The Ministry of Transport also organises capacity development and peer-learning events on an annual basis. • Implementation of the measures themselves sole responsibility of cities. • MOT supported by various (state-owned) research institutes
  13. 13. 13 China Transit Metropolis Programme The impacts of the Transit Metropolis Programme result from: ■ The definition of transit system requirements and the provision of co- finance for the improvement and expansion of public transport (and non- motorised transport) infrastructure; ■ The requirement of an integrated transport plan, which should enhance integrated transport planning and thereby increase the attractiveness of multimodal public transport, leading to higher mode shares of public transport and reduced car use; as well as spurring travel demand measures to limit private car use; ■ Provision of co-finance for the improvement of bus technologies, leading to improved fleet efficiencies.
  14. 14. 1415/01/2016 3 Leverage Points to Move Ahead Combination of national-provincial-local sustainable funding mechanisms • Chinese National Urban Low Carbon Transport Fund • Land-use/property taxes & transit oriented development • Transport demand management strategies Comprehensive mobility planning • Consolidating existing guidance and policies into a national urban transport policy • Link funding to comprehensive mobility plans • Provide capacity building and performance monitoring Coordinate responsibilities • Great potential of regional transport alliances for regional integrated transport services • Unify responsibilities under transport bureaus (including rail) 1 2 3

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