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Presentation of living and working conditions in Italy in Nov. 2009 by Stefania Garofalo, EURES (EURopean Employment Services) Adviser Italy

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  1. 1. Living and working in Italy 10/11/2009 STEFANIA GAROFALO EURES Adviser Pordenone, Italy
  4. 4. Political system: Parliamentary Republic Capital: Rome Total area: 301,336 km² Population: 59,131 million Foreign residents: 2,938 million Currency: Euro Language: Italian Regions: 20 (107 PROV...) Total seashore: 7,375 km
  8. 8. North: 69.1% Centre: 65.8% South: 62.5%
  10. 10. PROFESSIONS MOST AND LEAST IN DEMAND SHORTAGES … HEALTH CARE SECTOR: Nurses CONSTRUCTION: Carpenters, welders, bricklayers…storekeepers SERVICES: Hotels & Restaurants: chefs, waiting staff… IT: computer system designers, analysts and specialists BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL SECTORS: commercial sales representatives, secretaries, accountants ENGINEERS: esp. Mechanical, and Electrical … SURPLUSES: INDUSTRY: ITALY (manufacturing, production…) 8% AGRICULTURE
  11. 11. GRADUATES: WHERE TO FIND WORK YES INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (MECHANICAL) ENGINEERING THEME PARKS Graduates in Commerce, Architecture, IT, Multimedia, Engineering, Design, Psychology, Communications NO HOSPITALS UNIVERSITIES LAW
  12. 12. WORK LAW Written contracts Temporary (the norm), Permanent, on Project Trial period: variable (depending on sector and qualification) No national minimum wage, but collective agreements (btw trade unions and employers org.) Work hours: 40 hours/week (max 48) Holiday: 4 weeks/year Maternity: 2+3+6 months Salary gap: men/women, and age Expected to take own initiatives
  13. 13. SALARIES & PURCHASING POWER Level of annual net salary of an Great Britain 28.007 employee, without family, in 2006, in euro at a parity of Netherlands 23.289 purchasing power (Source: A Germany 21.235 Eurispes elaboration of CSE data) Ireland 21.112 Finland 19.890 Denmark 18.735 France 19.731 Belgium 19.729 Spain 17.412 Greece 16.720 Italy 16.242 Portugal 13.136
  15. 15. HOW TO APPLY FOR A JOB IN ITALY Application: Personal letter (max 1 page, often less) CV (1-2 pages, in Italian, typewritten, with or without photo) e-mail is an accepted way for applications European format or Europass training Convincing, clear, sincere You may be asked to present evidence of professional qualifications and diplomas later on (at the interview)
  16. 16. Cover letter Brief & effective Not a mere rehash of CV! Re (or Subject): offer no. & position Strong points (see advertisement) Personal characteristics (team work, under stress, adaptability, out-going personality, seriousness, willingness to improve,…) Personal & professional expectations (experience, hobbies, interests,…)
  17. 17. INTERVIEW: FREQUENT QUESTIONS Why do you want to work in Italy? Tell us about yourself: what have you done in the last few years? Do you like travelling? Reading? Your last trip/book … Describe yourself with 3 adjectives. How would you evaluate yourself? What do you know about our company? If you could choose, wich kind of job would you like to do? What wouldn’t you like to do? What is your professional (career) plan?
  18. 18. WHO CAN HELP YOU FIND A JOB NO SINGLE DATABASE FOR ALL ITALIAN JOB OFFERS Public employment services – Job centre administered by the Provinces and coordinated by the Regions Free services: reception, orientation, supply and demand matching, preselection for employers Job agencies – autorized by the Ministry of Labour (list on the site or Services offered for free to the worker but charged to the employers: mediation, research and personnel selection Other operators authorized by law: Universities, town councils (Informagiovani:, trading associations (Chambers of Commerce, Api, Confesercenti…), etc.
  19. 19. HOW TO LOOK FOR A JOB IN ITALY EURES Job centres: or check the lavoro (job) section in or National Labour Exchange Direct applications to companies using the Yellow Pages website:
  20. 20. WHAT IS EURES? EURES (EURopean Employment Services) is an initiative created in 1993 to support mobility in Europe. 32 States: European Economic Area ( = the 28 Member States of the UE, plus Norway, Iceland e Lichtenstein) and Switzerland. Partner of the network: Public services for employment, trade union and employers’ organisations, local administration, other social partners (represented by universities, NGOs, etc…). The network is co-ordinated by the European Commission. The main objectives of EURES are: To provide information and advice for the benefit of workers and employers on job possibilities and living and working conditions in the EEA; To assist employers who intend to recruit workers from other countries; To provide information and solve problems related to crossborder commuting. … and all of the above is completely free!
  21. 21. USEFUL LINKS: TURISM OLYJOB POINT: or (Job centres exclusively dedicated to the tourism/accomodation and services sectors in Piemonte Region) Liguria Region: bin/liguria/iolavoro/ Riviera of Romagna: Riminimpiego: Gorizia, Monfalcone and Grado: Valle d’Aosta: (hoteliers’ organisation) and – Offerte di lavoro (PES job offers)
  22. 22. USEFUL LINKS: NORTHERN ITALY Friuli Venezia Giulia: Udine: /LavColl/LavColl/Offertelavoro1/index.aspx Trieste: pagina=-&link=2&tipo=articoli_sezioni_35&ids=35 Veneto: Venezia: Südtirol: (job offers by PES and by Bilateral Organisation for Turism) Bozen: EURES TT (Tirol, Südtirol, Cantone Grigioni): Tourin: bin/lavoro/bacheca_lavoro/index.cgi Liguria: bin/liguria/iolavoro/ Genoa:
  23. 23. USEFUL LINKS: CENTRAL ITALY Emilia-Romagna: G.php/P/263011070707 http://www.provincia.forli- alavoro/default.asp ro Sezione=4543
  24. 24. USEFUL LINKS: SOUTHERN ITALY Abruzzo: L’aquila: Pescara: Chieti: Teramo: Marche: Macerata: and ( Puglia: Lecce: Euro-Jobbing Bari: Rete Informa Puglia: Sicilia:
  25. 25. OTHER USEFUL LINKS (personalised service) (job search engine) National or Regional Official Gazette for competitions Job offers on newspapers: (on Friday) (on Thursday) (on Tuesday) Free local press: Tuttocittà, Affarefatto, La Bancarella … e-Jobguide (professional training, training courses and recognition of qualifications. Sectors: IT/high-tech, metal and mechanical industry, electrical engineering, tourism and health/social sector).
  27. 27. WHAT DO I NEED Since April 11th, 2007 (Legislative Decree 30/2007, Directive 2004/38/EC), citizens of European Union and European Economic Area no longer need any kind of work permit or visa! For a stay of up to three months (Directive 2004/38 CE Parl) Document of identity or valid passport For a stay of more than 3 months Registration at registry office Local Council (Municipio) Fiscal code/number, obtainable at the Agenzia Entrate with valid ID European Healt Card (TEAM) ASL offices Insurance policy that may cover any possible health expenses CV and cover letter (better if in Italian) Good knowledge of Italian Experience and/or a degree
  28. 28. SOME ADVICE BEFORE LEAVING … Make sure to read the CCNL (rights and duties) Before accepting a job offer, get your potential employer to send you a signed fax indicating work conditions: work- hours, pay packet, start date and accomodation (where necessary) Verify the method of payment and the frequency with which you will receive your salary Make sure you have a sufficient budget prior to receiving your first salary, or to return home in case of necessity E 303 form if you have the unemployment benefit (max 3 months)
  29. 29. SOME ADVICE … BEFORE RETURNING HOME Keep all your work documents Request the “E” series forms (specifically the E 301 to request pension or social benefits on your return) Ensure you resolve fiscal matters: working in another Member State and transferring your residence there, in general you become “resident for fiscal purposes” in such a country. The definition of fiscal residence changes from one Member State to the next (See bilateral conventions in fiscal matters, in particular to avoid double taxation)
  30. 30. USEFUL LINKS – Rules & Bodies YourEurope: Embassies: Police: chisiamo/questure/link.htm Tax administration:
  32. 32. COMPARISON ITALY-UE STATES Gross salary 2004 Denmark 42,484 Germany 41,046 Comparison among Italy and other major OECD UK 39,765 States (OECD “Taxing Wages 2004-2005”, 2006) Netherland 37,026 Belgium 35,578 Sweden 32,457 Finland 31,539 Ireland 30,170 France 29,549 Italy 22,053 Spain 19,828 Greece 17.360 Portugal 12,969 Salary growth 2000-2005 UK +27,8 Norway +25,6 Netherlands +21,3 Finland +21,1 France +17,5 Spain +17,2 Portugal +16,6 Denmark +16,0 Belgium +15,9 Italy +13,7 Green bars: taxes paid by employee. Germany +11,7 Red bars: taxes paid by employer. Sweden + 7,7
  34. 34. Switzerland 75% SUBSIDIES & Ireland Iceland 73% 73% WELFARE Finland Norway 72% 71% Average Net Replacement Netherlands 71% Rates Luxembourg 70% Sweden 70% List of OECD States with the highest replacement Austria 62% rates with respect to Belgium 62% salaries for those unemployed for more Germany 62% than 60 months UK 62% (unemployment benefit + other benefits linked to France 61% welfare and taking into Portugal 61% consideration 4 different Poland 59% types of family) Source: OECD (2005) Czech Republic 58% Japan 57% Australia 51% Spain 49% Each Province/Region Hungary 42% may have its own specific United States 30% support mechanisms, Greece 24% different or in addition to ITALY 7% national incentives OECD average 55%
  35. 35. What do I have to do…? For employees, employers must complete all the necessary formalities for social security registration. The contributions of employees are deducted from the gross total of the salary. Free-lance workers must register themselves and pay contributions into either a separate social security fund (Cassa) or else directly to INPS. HIRING INCENTIVES & SUPPORTS: APPRENTICESHIP (Apprendistato) for youngsters (>30) PLACEMENT CONTACT (Contratto di Inserimento) UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT L 407/90 “CASSA INTEGRAZIONE” “MOBILITÀ”
  36. 36. HIRING INCENTIVES: Apprenticeships (Apprendistato) for young adults between 18 & 29 years Companies who hire apprentices receive contributions from the State: the worker costs them half of the usual amount!
  37. 37. SUBSIDIES: Unemployment Benefit NECESSARY PREREQUISITES: Declaration of availability (Job Centre) - no resignations Social Security payments to INPS for at least 2 years before the dismissal (also in other MSs – TOTALIZATION) At least 52 weeks of tax payments in the two-year period or At least 78 working days in the year FOR HOW LONG: Integrated Contact Centre INPS INAIL 8 months for those < 50 years TEL +39.803.164: information on legal aspects & single cases. 12 for those > 50 years HOW MUCH DO I RECEIVE? From 2008, 60% for the first 6 months, 50% for the 7th month, 40% for the rest
  38. 38. To transfer unemployment benefit (Reg. CE 1408/71 e 574/72) You must be registered as unemployed from at least 4 weeks in the State of origin You must inform your local job centre at least 2-4 weeks beforehand Before leaving from your country, you must ask for the E303 form (total amount, duration etc. of the benefit payments received) at the INPS offices where the payments were made Within 7 days from leaving, you must register yourself as an unemployed person in search of work by presenting the E303 at the public service office of the “new” State Those who receive unemployment benefits can avail of this transfer service for up to 3 months Form E 301: totalization/accumulation of the insurance periods
  40. 40. COST OF LIVING A bottle of water 1.60 € Coffee 0.90 € Cappuccino & croissant 1.90 € Pizza 8.50 € Pasta dish (macaroni) 5.00 € Meat dish 5.50 € Fish dish 7.90 € Dessert 3.50 € Ice cream 3.00 € Sandwich 2.70 € Bus (bus pass) - 10 tickets 8.00 € Source: La Repubblica, 8th August 2008
  41. 41. APARTMENTS & FLATS Source: (December 2007- June 2008)
  42. 42. FINDING ACCOMODATION Hotels and lodgings: B&Bs: Youth Hostels: Camp Sites: Rooms to rent: Further Info: National Tourism Board
  43. 43. OPENING A BANK ACCOUNT To open a bank account in Italy you must be over 18, have a valid ID and a tax code (codice fiscale) Upon signing the contract, you must deposit a sum of money so as to be provided with a current account number and credit card It is useful to open an account in the branch of an Italian bank in your own country and to lodge a sum of money
  44. 44. DRIVING LICENSE There is currently no common EU driving license, but the EU Member States have introduced a “European model” recognised in other countries The principle of “mutual recognition” is generally applied Driving licenses issued before 1996 are still valid (some States require additional data to be entered onto the license) Transfer of residence: no substitution If the event you reside in another EU Member State and drive your car there for more than 6 months, it is necessary to register the car with the local authorities and pay the host country’s registration tax Car insurance: valid throughout the Union
  45. 45. Thank you for your attention and good luck! Stefania Garofalo EURES Adviser email: tel. +39 (0) 434 80083