Erickson’s 8 Stages of Development<br />by Danielle Stefanic<br />
This lesson discusses the 8 stages of development psychologist Erik Erickson studied and developed.<br />Introduction<br />
Erickson was born in Frankfurt, Germany on June 15, 1902.<br />Erickson’s father abandoned his mother before he was born.<br />Erickson’s mother then married Dr. Theodor Homberger, who was Erickson’s doctor.<br />When Erickson graduated high school, he wandered the streets of London, hoping to become an artist.<br />When he was 25, one of his friends suggested he apply for a teaching position at an American school that was run by Dorothy Burlingham. <br />It was here that Erickson began learning about pshychology.<br />A Little About Erickson…<br />
While he worked at this schoo, Erickson was psychoanalyzed by Anna Freud.<br />He then met his wife here and had three children with her.<br />Because of the Nazi’s coming into power, Erickson and his family were forced to leave Vienna and they went to Copenhagen. <br />After that move, they left for Boston and Erickson was offered a job at Harvard Medical School. <br />Background continued<br />
Erickson began practicing child psychoanalysis.<br />Erickson then moved onto teaching at Yale.<br />After his time at Yale he began teaching at University of California Berkeley. <br />It was while he was at Berkeley that he did his studies that are now famous.<br />Erickson died in 1994.<br />Background continued<br />
Infant (birth – 18 mos)<br /><ul><li>At this stage, an infant develops their sense of trust. With proper care and attention, the child will be able to trust. However, if this does not happen, it leads to mistrust in the child’s life.
Basic Conflict: Intimacy vs. Isolation</li></ul>Erickson’s Sixth Stage<br />
Middle Adulthood (40 – 65 years)<br /><ul><li>Adults need to create things that they can nurture that will outlast them; generally, children. If they do not accomplish this, they will feel as though they did nothing good for the world.