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Globalization impact on culture


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Social Research

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Globalization impact on culture

  1. 1. Social Research Globalization Impact On Culture
  2. 2. Student Identification Student Name and ID no. 1. Md Ashfak Sayed – 14-1-20-0020 2. Mohima Khairun Nessa – 14-1-20-0034 3. Tasmia Mannan – 14-1-20-0045 4. Sabrina Akter – 14-1-20-0047 5. Shirin Akter – 14-1-20-0044 6. Sumona Akter – 14-1-20-0005 7. Soshi Islam – 14-1-20-0010 8. Md.Atikul islam –14-1-20-0006
  3. 3. Introduction Globalization and Culture Globalization is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas and other aspects of culture. Advances in transportation, such as the steam locomotive, steamship, jet engine, container ships, and in telecommunications infrastructure, including the rise of the telegraph and its modern offspring, the Internet, and mobile phones, have been major factors in globalization, generating further interdependence of economic and cultural activities. Though scholars place the origins of globalization in modern times, others trace its history long before the European Age of Discovery and voyages to the New World. Some even trace the origins to the third millennium BCE. Large-scale globalization began in the 19th century. In the late 19th century and early 20th century, the connectivity of the world's economies and cultures grew very quickly. Source:
  4. 4. Culture is, in the words of E.B. Tylor,“ that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society."Alternatively in a contemporary variant, "Culture is defined as a social domain that emphasizes the practices, discourses, and material expressions, which, over time, express the continuities and discontinuities of social meaning of a life held in common. " Source:
  5. 5. Literature Review Globalization Impact on Culture The discourse regarding the effects of globalization on cultural diversity is a challenging debate. The advancement of technology dissolves international boundaries and opens cultures to a whole new arena(Smith, 2000), enabling globalization to occur. Globalization can be an empowering entity. It can interconnect the world, support economic development , provide information availability and assist in developing a global village (Moahi, 2007). There is a paradoxical dichotomy, a tangible undercurrent, when it comes to globalization and cultural diversity. On one hand, globalization has the potential to mobilize and empower people, provide a means for self-representation, support a collective identity through socialization and provide employment opportunities. On the other hand, it has the ability to disempower people by misrepresentation, provide a process for further colonization, and propel the loss of individualism and self and group identity. Political theorist Fredric Jameson presents this as two competing future visions: one of a corporate-dominated monoculture where nations and cultural groups alike are deprived of autonomy and identity; and another of a vibrant celebration of pluralism, in which various cultural groups are in direct and harmonious contact with one another, free from limiting political forces such as national governments (1998). Source:
  6. 6. Influences Negative Influences Due to the unprecedented access to cultures, a much wider audience than ever before has a gateway to see, hear and experience phenomena that were never accessible previously (Smith, 2000). Misrepresentation, stereotyping and the risk of loss of cultural and intellectual property rights are the consequences of unmonitored access. There are a number of negative impacts globalization has had on cultural diversity, Including the influence multinational corporations have on promoting a consumer culture, exploitation of workers and markets and influencing societal values. This increased availability of commercial media and products can "drown out" local cultural influences. Loss of individualism and group identity occur when globalization encourages a 'Western ideal of individualism'. This promotes a homogeneous set of values and beliefs. The adoption of Western Culture and ideologies is seen as many computer-mediated technologies are developed, marketed and processed via western markets. The dominant population and culture of the day determine the next greatest technology along with the next commercialized gadget that will be offered up to the masses and longed for by those who are at arm’s reach of financially obtaining these devices. Kanuka (2008) also cites that e-learning technologies perpetuates colonization by designing curriculum that mimics the cognitive styles of the dominant culture. Not having access to technologies that are present in the classroom, combined with an education system geared toward the dominant society can be a lethal combination for non-dominant cultures. The present education, legal and power structures reflect western ideas and philosophies. Source:
  7. 7. These western ideas are easily assimilated into other cultures and paradigms with far reaching effects. There is an assumption that the values and ideologies of the "Global North" will provide a suitable framework for the new knowledge economies of the developing "Global South" (Youngman, 2000). Globalization allows further colonization which impacts intellectual property and cultural rights. Global access to information has opened the gateway to acquiring cultural property and information. Many view that ‘if it is out there it is free for the taking’, which includes cultural signs, songs, dance, rituals and other cultural artifacts. These icons of a culture are viewed as a living heritage and are an integral part of identity (Smith, 2000). Using images, reselling them and mis-representing these rights are considered property theft and a heinous crime against communities. It is difficult to monitor or control what is out on the Internet and therefore difficult to prevent and prosecute appropriately. Source:
  8. 8. Positive Influences The technological global mecca can be empowering for various cultures as it allows self-representation and information sharing on a whole new level. Technology provides a medium where depiction of images and portrayals of self-identity can provide the means in which truism can be established. Global media centers allow cultures a distinctive voice to promote awareness and provide public knowledge and understanding of their stories and identities. It also allows for the communication of their relevant accounts and commentaries on issues that are important in preserving the culture and knowledge acquisition of cultural ways - allowing them to retain their diversity. Being in charge of their own media production companies allows control of their artifacts, signs and symbols that are regarded as cultural property. When cultures are in control of their own public images they are better equipped to manage and represent their images appropriately without misrepresentation. Source:
  9. 9. Instead of destroying some cultures, as others predicted, mass media assists in the revitalizing and restoring of cultural preservation of nations (Ginsburg, 2002). Technology can be used to preserve language, customs and culture. Technology allows for self-representation and preservation of personal and collective identity by providing autonomy and empowerment. Global technology has provided the opportunity to redefine collective identity along with identifying a place for distinctive cultures. Global social, political and economic networks, combined with common goals, will no doubt enable the emerging empowerment among cultural peoples (Smith, 2000). This is far more advantageous than individual communities or groups coming forward to raise global or local concerns. Global positioning of cultural groups allows social and political power that has previously not been seen. Source:
  10. 10. Methodology The presented study was conducted in Asa University Bangladesh. Specifically on LLB department. Our methodology was a combination of observation and surveying. Researcher had to choose purposive sampling of 30 respondents. Which is standard for a quantitative study. Based on a semi-structured questionnaire, the data was collected through face to face interview.
  11. 11. Objectives The broader objective of the study is to explore the the Impacts of globalization in Bangladesh. Besides this broad objective, the study is also looking for: 1. The positive impacts of globalization. 2. The negative impacts of globalization. 3. Understanding the phenomena of globalization.
  12. 12. Results of our study Phone types Smart phone users Cellular phone users 90% Smart phone users 10% Cellular phone user
  13. 13. Internet Users 0 20 40 60 80 Yes No Using internet Using internet80% 20%
  14. 14. 0 20 40 60 80 100 Facebook Email Other websites Most used websites Most used websites 100% 20% Internet Usage 40%
  15. 15. Impacts of technology Positive Impacts i. Information is available and free. ii. Communication is easier and doesn’t have any boundaries. iii. New Global Professions. iv. Global news network. v. Raising awareness is much easier.
  16. 16. Negative Impacts i. Excessive use of social media. We can also say waste of time. ii. Physically less active. iii. Increase in the monthly expenses. iv. Losing more money when they get high jacked. Because smart phones costs more than cellular phones. v. Misguided by wrong information from internet.
  17. 17. The debate around globalization being positive and or negative is an ongoing one. It can provide a stronger collective identity, empower individual and group distinctiveness while at the same time provide a means for misrepresentation, disempowerment and an avenue for further colonization. Cultural diversity can be strengthened through globalization by providing the means and wherewithal to support cultural groups attempting to make a difference in society while still maintaining their distinctive set of beliefs, practices and values. Conclusion