Nigeria security challenge, is it financial

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The responsibility of Governments is to protect life and property of her citizens – at all cost necessary and possible. It is understandable that this cannot be done effectively without enough financial will-power. The Government desire to live true to this responsibility reflects; first, in the Budgetary allocations to Security Agencies & Departments, second, in the judicious use of these allocations for their intended cause.

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Nigeria security challenge, is it financial

  1. 1. Nigeria Security Challenge, Is It Financial?
  2. 2. Nigeria is currently under serious security challenge, insurgents rising from almost every Geo-political zones, each with their own agitation. The responsibility of Governments is to protect life and property of her citizens – at all cost necessary and possible. It is understandable that this cannot be done effectively without enough financial will-power. The Government desire to live true to this responsibility reflects; first, in the Budgetary allocations to Security Agencies & Departments, second, in the judicious use of these allocations for their intended cause. This analysis takes a look at the Federal Government allocation to Security Agencies & Departments, particularly between 2005 till date, establish the average cost to secure a citizen and propose possible alliance between our security forces in order to achieve the intended outcome of protecting her citizens. *2014 Data are from the proposed budget
  3. 3. SECURITY MINISTRIES, AGENCIES & DEPARTMENTS Ministry of Defence Office of National Security Adviser Police Formations & Command Police Service Commission Ministry of Interior Nigeria Pension Service Nigeria Security Civil Defence and Corps Nigeria Immigration Service Civil Defence, Immigration, and Prison Service Board Custom, Immigration, Prison Pension Interior - HQ Federal Service Fire Nigerian Defence College Defence Industries Corporation of Nigeria Command & Staff College Defence Intelligence School Presidential Committee on Barracks Rehabilitation Defence Missions Nigerian Armed Forces Resettlement Centre Defence Intelligence Agency Military Pension Board Nigerian Navy Defence HQ Nigerian Airforce Nigerian Army Nigerian Defence Academy Presidential Air Fleets (State House) Directorate Of State Security Service Ministry of Police Affairs Police Pension Board Nigeria Police Academy National Intelligence Agency
  4. 4. SECURITY BUDGET SUMMARY (2005 – 2014) Ministry of Defence Ministry of Interior ONSA Police Affairs Police Formation & Commands Police Service Commission Total 2014 340,332,339,871 151,020,539,830 110,725,072,907 7,268,883,088 292,351,812,085 1,795,844,001 903,494,491,782 2013 364,415,146,886 154,731,693,977 115,512,690,505 9,668,953,320 311,151,366,222 2,221,296,278 957,701,147,188 2012 326,354,184,382 157,332,986,945 124,263,761,913 6,109,283,677 307,857,718,425 2,470,077,782 924,388,013,124 2011 313,869,733,252 158,157,297,012 105,240,648,267 3,583,058,546 304,737,303,692 849,818,435 886,437,859,204 2010 291,719,069,185 95,953,764,285 107,147,611,048 2,940,981,749 245,095,275,181 3,865,048,425 746,721,749,873 2009 201,406,861,244 82,230,690,736 36,311,163,157 2,021,947,112 195,358,792,301 502,021,352 517,831,475,902 2008 151,940,617,034 266,371,519,798 26,389,100,869 599,570,075 445,300,807,776 2007 122,314,507,407 51,884,721,091 16,092,733,913 2,500,000,001 94,900,000,000 496,669,310 288,188,631,722 2006 98,359,999,999 40,750,000,000 15,500,000,000 1,600,000,000 85,200,000,000 400,000,000 241,809,999,999 2005 111,868,968,876 42,726,586,972 15,160,607,965 12,297,423,223 80,719,812,145 262,773,399,180 2,322,581,428,136 1,201,159,800,646 672,343,390,544 47,990,530,716 1,917,372,080,050 13,200,345,659 6,174,647,575,750
  5. 5. MINISTRY OF DEFENCE The Defence Ministry is responsible for providing administrative support and services to the Armed Forces of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Its role is to provide the necessary support to build and maintain a modern, compact, strong, professional and mission-ready armed force for the Defence of territory on land, at sea and in the air. It also plays a key role in facilitating the armed forces in their role as a peace-making and peace-keeping force throughout the world. Department & Agency:  Defence Headquarters  Nigerian Army  Nigerian Navy  Nigerian Air-Force  Nigerian Defence Academy (NDA)  Nigerian Defence College  Command and Staff College Jaji  Nigerian Armed Forces Resettlement Centre  Defence Industries Corporation of Nigeria  Defence Intelligence School  Defence Intelligence Agency  Presidential Committee on Barracks Rehabilitation  Defence Missions  Military Pension Board
  6. 6. According to Wikipedia: This is the status of our Military ACTIVE MILITARY RESERVE MILITARY PARAMILITARY TOTAL 80,000 0 82,000 162,000 162,000 Military personnel protecting 170million Nigerians against External attacks. Afghanistan have 200,000 Military Personnel, Algeria (484,200), Bangladesh (3,780,000), Brazil (2,062,710), Columbia (1,383,512), Malaysia (429,900),
  7. 7. MINISTRY OF DEFENCE BUDGET (2008-2014) Budget 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 Total 340Bn 364Bn 326Bn 314Bn 292Bn 201Bn 152Bn Recurrent (%) 89.92 82.43 89.38 91.97 74.50 82.53 86.80 Capital (%) 10.08 17.57 10.62 8.03 25.50 17.47 13.20 Federal Ministry of Defence 23,238,932,238 6.83% Defence Headqurters 1,825,293,449 0.54% Nigerian Army 132,710,310,195 38.99% Nigerian Navy 70,124,224,510 20.60% Nigerian Airforce 73,241,590,421 21.52% Nigerian Defence Academy (NDA) 8,036,841,744 2.36% Nigerian Defence College 6,943,283,592 2.04% Command and Staff College Jaji 3,232,521,394 0.95% Nigerian Armed Forces Resettlement Centre 2,250,670,419 0.66% Defence Industries Corporation of Nigeria (DICON) 1,922,744,789 0.56% Defence Intelligence School 363,105,117 0.11% Defence Intelligence Agency 7,498,327,220 2.20% Presidential Committee on Barracks Rehabilitation 1,941,939,660 0.57% Defence Missions 6,859,056,900 2.02% Military Pension Board 143,498,223 0.04% 340,332,339,871 2014 Proposed Budget
  8. 8. OFFICE OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER Department & Agency:  National Security Adviser  National Intelligence Agency  Directorate Of State Security Service  Presidential Air Fleets (State House) YEAR/ TYPE OFFICE OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER RECURRENT CAPITAL TOTAL 2014 66,625,072,907 44,100,000,000 110,725,072,907 2013 65,512,690,505 50,000,000,000 115,512,690,505 2012 59,637,849,878 64,625,912,035 124,263,761,913 2011 50,860,044,639 54,380,603,628 105,240,648,267 2010 41,458,468,267 65,689,142,781 107,147,611,048 2009 32,711,163,157 3,600,000,000 36,311,163,157 2008 25,389,100,870 1,000,000,000 26,389,100,869 2006 12,316,686,404 3,183,313,596 15,500,000,000 2005 14,160,607,965 1,000,000,000 15,160,607,965
  9. 9. COMPARING ONSA AND ARMY, Army Navy Air Force Year 56Bn 30Bn 26Bn 2008 65Bn 34Bn 53Bn 2009 75Bn 45Bn 58Bn 2010 121Bn 74Bn 83Bn 2011 122Bn 69Bn 64Bn 2012 130Bn 73Bn 78Bn 2013 132Bn 70Bn 73Bn 2014 Year ONSA 2008 26Bn 2009 36Bn 2010 107Bn 2011 105Bn 2012 124Bn 2013 115Bn 2014 110Bn  No much difference exist between the NSA and the Nigerian Army budgets  The NSA budget is far more than the Nigerian Navy and Nigerian Air Force budgets NAVY & AIRFORCE BUDGETS
  10. 10. MINISTRY OF POLICE AFFAIRS The Ministry of Police Affairs is the only Ministry charged with responsibility of overseeing the affairs of the Nigeria Police Force and officers and men of the Police Force. Department & Agency:  Nigeria Police Academy, Wudil Kano  Police Pension Board The Minister of Police Affairs, Caleb Olubolade disclosed that the number of serving police officers in the country is 370,000. However, the Federal Government has planned to recruit 280,000 more to increase the number of security agents to 650,000. 90% of the new recruits will be trained in modern policing tactics and weapons handling. (Channels Television).
  11. 11. We therefore have 370,000 security officers to 170 Million Nigerians. 370,000 Police Officers to 170,000,000 People 1 Police Officer = 170,000,000 370,000 1 Police Officer to 459 People. The United Nations recommends a minimum police strength of 222 per 100,000 people; this implies1 Police Officer to 450 People. Bear in mind that there are some individuals stationed with more than 1 police officers.
  12. 12. Budget 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 Total 7.268Bn 9.668Bn 6.109Bn 3.583Bn 2.941Bn 2.022Bn Recurrent 61.63% 54.14% 59.08% 89.93% 72.00% 91.13% Capital 38.37% 45.86% 40.92% 10.07% 28.00% 8.87% Recurrent Expenditure takes the bulk of the allocation to the police force, this implies little investment can be made in bring the expertise of the police force to meet current security challenges. 0 2 4 6 8 10 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 7.268 9.668 6.109 3.583 2.941 2.022
  13. 13. MINISTRY OF INTERIOR Department & Agency:  Federal Ministry of Interiors – HQTR  Nigerian Prison Service  Nigeria Immigration Service  Federal Service Fire  Nigeria Security Civil Defence and Corps  Civil Defence, Immigration, and Prison Service Board  Custom, Immigration Prison Pension The Mandate of the Ministry is fostering the maintenance of internal security and Citizenship integrity for the promotion of good governance.
  14. 14. MINISTRY OF INTERIOR – BUDGET MDA MINISTRY OF INTERIOR YEAR/TYPE RECURRENT CAPITAL 2014 144,721,228,363 6,299,311,467 2013 142,645,153,298 12,086,540,679 2012 149,732,986,945 7,600,000,000 2011 152,310,965,961 5,846,331,051 2010 81,567,214,610 14,386,549,675 2009 71,651,496,429 10,579,194,307 2008 246,921,303,253 19,450,216,545 2007 40,613,004,619 11,271,716,472 2006 32,797,579,038 7,952,420,962 2005 32,008,254,972 10,718,332,000
  15. 15. MINISTRY OF INTERIOR – BUDGET From 2005 till date, most of the allocation to this ministry is spent on Personnel maintenance, the percentage of recurrent expenditure to capital expenditure is on the average 9 to 1. Type Recurrent Capital 2014 95.83% 4.17% 2013 92.19% 7.81% 2012 95.17% 4.83% 2011 96.30% 3.70% 2010 85.01% 14.99% 2009 87.13% 12.87% 2008 92.70% 7.30% 2007 78.28% 21.72% 2006 80.48% 19.52% 2005 74.91% 25.09% In 2014 Budget (proposed), only 4% of N151Billion will be spent on Training, Research and Development, Purchase of Security Equipment, etc.
  16. 16. POLICE FORMATIONS & COMMAND BUDGET POLICE FORMATION AND COMMANDS TOTAL YEAR/TYPE RECURRENT CAPITAL 2014 285,561,812,085 6,790,000,000 292,351,812,085 2013 295,011,366,222 16,140,000,000 311,151,366,222 2012 298,817,945,778 9,039,772,647 307,857,718,425 2011 293,569,995,125 11,167,308,567 304,737,303,692 2010 191,428,487,276 53,666,787,905 245,095,275,181 2009 183,602,162,301 11,756,630,000 195,358,792,301 2007 84,924,209,275 9,975,790,725 94,900,000,000 2006 80,200,000,000 5,000,000,000 85,200,000,000 2005 71,169,812,145 9,550,000,000 80,719,812,145
  17. 17. POLICE FORMATIONS & COMMAND BUDGET Type Recurrent Capital 2014 97.68% 2.32% 2013 94.81% 5.19% 2012 97.06% 2.94% 2011 96.34% 3.66% 2010 78.10% 21.90% 2009 93.98% 6.02% 2007 89.49% 10.51% 2006 94.13% 5.87% 2005 88.17% 11.83% Just 2.32% was allocated to Capital Expenditure in (Training, Research and Development, Security Services, Infrastructural Development, etc.) the 2014 Budget (proposed)
  18. 18. POLICE SERVICE COMMISSION BUDGET POLICE SERVICE COMMISSION TOTAL TYPE RECURRENT CAPITAL 2014 782,623,151 1,013,220,850 1,795,844,001 2013 751,296,278 1,470,000,000 2,221,296,278 2012 870,077,782 1,600,000,000 2,470,077,782 2011 789,418,435 60,400,000 849,818,435 2010 3,717,768,425 147,280,000 3,865,048,425 2009 502,021,352 502,021,352 2008 508,910,075 90,660,000 599,570,075 2007 431,368,449 65,300,861 496,669,310 2006 382,000,000 18,000,000 400,000,000
  19. 19. POLICE SERVICE COMMISSION BUDGET Type Recurrent Capital 2014 43.58% 56.42% 2013 33.82% 66.18% 2012 35.22% 64.78% 2011 92.89% 7.11% 2010 96.19% 3.81% 2009 100.00% 0.00% 2008 84.88% 15.12% 2007 86.85% 13.15% 2006 95.50% 4.50% Police Service Commission have more allocation to the Capital Expenditure for the past three years.
  20. 20. TYPE RECURRENTCAPITAL 2014 89.45% 10.55% 2013 84.53% 15.47% 2012 87.01% 12.99% 2011 89.06% 10.94% 2010 72.00% 28.00% 2009 88.16% 11.84% 2008 90.88% 9.12% 2007 85.33% 14.67% 2006 87.25% 12.75% 2005 79.62% 20.38% 85.33% 14.67% Clearly, most of the allocation goes to maintenance of Salaries & Wages and just about 15% is used for capital Expenditure. This is lower than the National Average of 18%. While the need for more allocation cannot be over- emphasized, it is also important to stress that judicious use of budgetary allocation should be a high priority for the Government. SUMMARY
  21. 21. In order to maximize the little allocation, there is need for great collaboration among the Security Agencies & Department; in terms of “Sharing of Information” so that efforts are not duplicated across Agencies. A National Information Centre pseudo National emergency centre would help create a centralized system where information can be sourced and managed for all Security Agencies. SUMMARY Again, all of these would amount to NOTHING if the average man doesn’t have a future either in his Community, State or the Nation at large. It has been proven that People care more when they have INTERESTS to protect. Similarly, people become threat to others when they have less or nothing at stake. Creating an egalitarian society where each can aspire to any height possible (within the law) would solve a large percentage of our security challenges today.
  22. 22. It is easier to fight an enemy because you don’t expect peace from one. However, it is more difficult to fight an enemy in a “brother’s” – for he is within you but not with you. Our greatest challenge is not the enemy WITHOUT, it is the enemy WITHIN. SUMMARY
  23. 23. Data Source: - Nigerian Budget 2005 till date. Analysis by: Wale Micaiah e: walegate@yahoo.com b: walemicaiah.blog.com w. www.statisense.com

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