JAMB 2013:Analysis of Applicants’ UTME Subjects
Registration for the Unified Tertiary MatriculationExamination (UTME) 2013 by the Joint Admission& Matriculation Board (JAMB) started inNovember 2012 and ended on March 24th, 2013.A total of 1,728,003 candidates applied to studydifferent courses in Nigerian Universities,Polytechnics & Monotechnics, Colleges ofEducation and Innovation Enterprise Institutions.Candidates are tested in 23 different UTMESubjects; however, each is to sit for 4 Subjectswith Use of English as compulsory subject for Allcandidates.
The UTME Subjects are: are:Agriculture French Islamic StudiesArabic Geography Lit. Lit. in EnglishArt (Fine Art) Government MathematicsBiology Hausa MusicChemistry History PhysicsChristian Rel. Know Home Economics Principle of AccountCommerce Igbo Use of EnglishEconomics YorubaThe Subjects chosen are determined by therequirements stipulated in the JAMB Brochure for eachrespective courseThis study is carried out in order to observe, amongstothers, if there exist Candidates’ bias for Science- Science- study.oriented subjects as they consider their course of study.
There are 3 Subject Areas in Nigerian SecondarySchools: Sciences Arts/Humanities CommercialStudents’ choices of which of the 3 they choose is;based on; 1Performance in the Junior West AfricanExamination Council 2Performance in Senior Council,Secondary School Class 1, – where they are requiredto take all subjects – 3Advice from school Counselorsand 4Students prerogative choice based on theirfuture career projection.According to the groupings above, the UTMESubjects can be divided as follows:
Sciences Faculties Agriculture Medical Biology Sciences Chemistry Engineering Mathematics Social Sciences Physics Education Geography AgricultureChemistryMathematicsPhysicsGeography = Engineering Physical SciencesBiologyChemistryAgriculture = Medical Biological Sciences Agriculture Use of English is compulsory for all Candidates.
Arts/HumanitiesArabic FacultiesArt (Fine Art)Christian Rel. KnowEconomicsFrenchGovernment Arts/HumanitiesHausa Social SciencesHistory EducationHome Economics LawIgboIslamic StudiesLit. in English Use of English isMusic compulsory for allYoruba Candidates.
Commercial Commerce Faculties Economics Administration Social Sciences Mathematics Education Use of English is Principles of Accounts compulsory for all Candidates.In Summary: Agriculture, Biology, Chemistry, Sciences (6): Mathematics, Physics, Geography Arabic, Art (Fine Art), Christian Rel. Know, Arts/ Humanities Economics, French, Government, Hausa, (14): History, Home Economics, Igbo, Islamic Studies, Lit. in English, Music, Yoruba Commerce, Economics, Mathematics,Commercial (4): Principles of Accounts
Candidates’ Subjects AnalysisOf the 1.7million candidates who will be sitting for theUTME 2013, UTME Subjects of 908,000+ candidateswith presence in all 37 Test States (FCT inclusive) wereextracted for analysis. Subject:Candidates Choice (%) per Subject:Subject % Subject % Subject %Mathematics 46.10 CRK 14.47 History 0.57Chemistry 41.29 Commerce 12.02 Arabic 0.34Government 39.13 Geography 4.31 Yoruba 0.19Economics 38.65 Prin. of Acct 3.08 Fine Art 0.19Physics 38.56 Agriculture 3.02 Igbo 0.17Biology 26.93 Islamic Studies 2.51 Home Econ. 0.07Lit. in English 15.77 Hausa 1.29 French 0.06 Music 0.03
The table shows that approximately 46.1% ofcandidates chose Mathematics as one of their UTMESubjects, Chemistry (41.3%), Government (39.1%),Economics (38.7%), Physics (38.6%), Biology(26.9%), Lit in English (15.8%), Christian ReligionKnowledge (14.5%) and Commerce (12.0%)The down liners are Music (0.03%), French (0.06%),Home Economics (0.07%), Igbo (0.17%). Fine Arts(0.19%), Yoruba (0.19%), Arabic (0.34%) and History(0.57%).By the foregoing, it shows that more candidateshave considerable interest in the Sciences, andCommercials.
Subjects %Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology 26.9%Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics 38.6%Physics, Biology, Chemistry 26.9%Economics, Government, Lit. in English 15.8%Government, Economics, CRK 14.8%Principle of Acct., Economics, Government 3.1% The more candidates considers Subjects in the down liners, the smaller the overall percentage
Students performance in the Sciences has not beengood even at Ordinary Levels(O/Levels); below isthe result released by the National ExaminationCouncil (NECO) for the Nov/Dec 2012 examination:the values show % of candidates with credit passes English Language – 33.89% 33.89% Mathematics – 54.79% Arabic – 78.97% From this result, Biology – 22.84% performance is Christian Rel. – 6.51% the 3 major Economics – 33.67% Geography – 1.63% Science subjects Literature in English – 0.73% are below 35% Chemistry – 30.17% Physics – 0.26%
Similarly, no information exist as to if any candidateswith Science UTME subjects have achieved a JAMBscore of at least 300, but this achievement is a piece ofcake for those in Arts and Commercial areas.In JAMB 2009, a 16years old emerged with the highestscore of 310, followed by three others tied with a scoreof 308. Likely UTME Subjects Score Course Mathematics, 310 Communications Economics, IRPM Government, Lit. in 308 Economics English, History, etc. Hist. & Dip StudiesIt was, however, noteworthy that none of the top15, whose marks ranged between 298 & 310applied to study the Sciences.
It is an indication that the quest to position Nigeria asone of the Top20 World Economies with Science &Technology as a tool for economic empowerment is notyielding the desired result.It is without doubt that Talents abides in our Schools,but the hunger to become Scientists, Technologist,Engineers and the likes is not being met with the rightinfrastructures in our Schools and Industries.If indeed Nigeria must be relevant, and compete withother Nations Technologically, Scientifically and in theKnowledge Economy; definite steps would be requiredto ensure that Students are not only encouraged toenrolled in the Sciences, but also provided the requiredtools and learning aids in order to achieve great successfor self and the Nation.