How education budget is spent

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How budgets to the Education Sector are being spent

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How education budget is spent

  1. 1. How Govt. Allocates Budgets to the Education Sector
  2. 2. EDUCATION
  3. 3. Government Budget to the Education Sector is usually shared among the following: Agencies / Parastatals Main Ministry of Education Universities Polytechnics Colleges of Education Government Colleges Technical Schools
  4. 4. Federal Ministry of Education Vision Statement: To become an economy model, delivering sound education for public good. Mission Statement: To use education as a tool for fostering development of all Nigerian citizens to their full potential in the promotion of a strong, democratic, egalitarian, prosperous, indivisible and indissoluble sovereign nation under God.
  5. 5. Federal Ministry of Education Mandate:  Formulate and coordinate a national policy on education Collect and collate data for purposes of Educational Planning and Financing.  Prescribe and maintain uniform standards of education throughout the country.  Control and monitor the quality of education in the country.  Harmonize educational policies and procedures of all the States of the Federation through the instrumentality of the National Council on Education.  Effect cooperation in educational matters on an international scale.  Develop curricula and syllabuses at the national level.
  6. 6. Summary of Allocation (2005 – 2013) Year Total Education Main Ministry Budget 2013 Universities Polytechnic College of Education Government Colleges Technical Schools 432,760,713,761 14,554,987,257 51,794,694,653 217,005,009,423 63,426,310,130 45,882,963,820 30,375,106,559 9,721,641,915 2012 400,148,037,983 11,764,187,275 49,399,484,580 200,268,141,295 60,967,892,503 42,590,609,534 28,634,521,689 6,523,201,107 2011 339,481,528,685 9,559,400,741 45,393,919,746 176,674,367,091 56,019,654,597 36,680,728,086 25,907,535,483 6,260,222,396 2010 295,293,389,496 9,311,287,982 36,984,692,967 115,334,703,239 35,199,740,733 21,944,891,555 22,356,656,992 7,534,626,757 2009 216,639,437,111 4,178,414,018 34,607,402,428 102,534,413,327 29,394,386,369 19,279,477,850 21,234,641,386 5,350,701,733 2008 210,444,818,579 10,797,879,954 36,372,895,821 95,740,058,636 25,612,727,349 17,350,650,489 19,602,525,142 4,809,328,374 2007 185,771,774,929 19,153,035,697 25,345,631,940 79,001,058,012 22,871,635,848 15,041,817,018 19,885,497,396 4,473,099,019 2006 165,213,672,666 7,633,226,614 28,192,377,603 74,362,450,442 21,951,061,885 16,394,504,602 15,473,258,785 2,715,597,217 2005 120,035,527,799 3,177,558,506 47,665,289,772 52,460,406,039 18,242,260,464 12,632,715,479 12,556,936,971 2,511,401,923 Agencies Total 2,365,788,901,009 90,129,978,044 355,756,389,510 1,113,380,607,504 333,685,669,878 227,798,358,432 196,026,680,403 49,899,820,441 Year Main Ministry Agencies 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 3.36% 2.94% 2.82% 3.15% 1.93% 5.13% 10.31% 4.62% 2.65% 3.81% 11.97% 12.35% 13.37% 12.52% 15.97% 17.28% 13.64% 17.06% 39.71% 15.04% Universities Polytechnic 50.14% 50.05% 52.04% 39.06% 47.33% 45.49% 42.53% 45.01% 43.70% 47.06% 14.66% 15.24% 16.50% 11.92% 13.57% 12.17% 12.31% 13.29% 15.20% 14.10% College of Education 10.60% 10.64% 10.80% 7.43% 8.90% 8.24% 8.10% 9.92% 10.52% 9.63% Government Technical Colleges Schools 7.02% 7.16% 7.63% 7.57% 9.80% 9.31% 10.70% 9.37% 10.46% 8.29% 2.25% 1.63% 1.84% 2.55% 2.47% 2.29% 2.41% 1.64% 2.09% 2.11%
  7. 7. 47.1% 50.0% Summary of Aggregate % of Allocation to different arms with the Ministry of Education 45.0% 40.0% 35.0% 30.0% 25.0% 20.0% 15.0% 15.0% 14.1% 9.6% 10.0% 5.0% 3.8% 8.3% 2.1% 0.0% HQ Agencies UNI POLY COE Govt. Coll Tech. Sch  The Nigerian Federal Universities, (presently 34 are being allocated resources), gets about 50% of total allocation to the sector  This is followed by Agencies/Parastatals at about 15%  Colleges of Education (the arm that trains Teachers), with about 21 Institutions gets less than 10% allocation  The least allocation goes to Technical schools
  8. 8. Education Agencies Universities Polytechnic College of Education Government Colleges Technical Schools Count 25 35 21 21 81 23 2013 Allocation 51,794,694,653 217,005,009,423 63,426,310,130 45,882,963,820 30,375,106,559 9,721,641,915 AVG Allocation 2,071,787,786 6,200,143,126 3,020,300,482 2,184,903,039 375,001,316 422,680,083 Count of Units under Education 90 81 80 70 60 50 35 40 30 25 21 POLY COE 23 21 20 10 0 Agencies UNI Govt Col Tech Sc
  9. 9. Main Ministry of Education (HQ) Year Education Budget Main Ministry % 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Total 432,760,713,761 400,148,037,983 339,481,528,685 295,293,389,496 216,639,437,111 210,444,818,579 185,771,774,929 165,213,672,666 120,035,527,799 2,365,788,901,009 14,554,987,257 11,764,187,275 9,559,400,741 9,311,287,982 4,178,414,018 10,797,879,954 19,153,035,697 7,633,226,614 3,177,558,506 90,129,978,044 3.36 2.94 2.82 3.15 1.93 5.13 10.31 4.62 2.65 3.81  A further analysis shows that about 71% of 2013 Main Ministry budget went for Capital Expenditure while the remain 29% went for Recurrent Expenditure, Personnel cost 24% of this 29%.  Clearly, the HQ is investing rightly in projects and this is highly commendable. However, the effect of these Projects must come to the fore and its impact felt by the Education Stakeholders.
  10. 10. Agencies / Parastatals A total of 24 Agencies are currently receiving allocation from the Federal Ministry of Education; they are Agencies Agencies Arabic Language Village (ALL) National Library of Nigeria (NLN) Computer Professional Registration Council of Nigeria (CPRCN) National Mathematical Centre (NMC) French Language Village, Badagry (FLV) Joint Admission Matriculation Board (JAMB) Librarians Registration Council of Nigeria (LRCN) National Board for Technical Education (NTBE) National Business Board & Technical Education Board (NABTECH) National Commission for College Education (NCCE) National Commission for Mass Literacy (NCML) National Education Research Development Council (NERDC) National Open University (NOUN) National Teachers Institute (NTI) National Universities Commission (NUC) Nigerian Institute for Education Planners & Administration (NIEPA) Nomadic Education Commission (NEC) Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN) Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFund) Universal Basic Education (UBE) (UBE) WAEC International (WAEC-I) National Examination Council (NECO) WAEC (WAEC-L) National Institute for Nigerian Languages (NINL) UNESCO - PARIS
  11. 11. Allocation to Agencies/Parastatals Agency UBE NTI NLN NECO NOUN WAEC NERDC JAMB NUC NCCE NBTE LRCN NCML NABTEB UNESCO NIEPA NEC TRCN NMC FLV ALV TETFund CPRCN NINL 2013 9,404,110,216 3,363,524,095 6,068,468,395 6,310,097,718 4,118,705,176 4,247,456,984 1,858,508,741 2,512,538,750 2,333,896,765 1,142,230,787 1,564,451,188 220,287,048 1,071,006,582 1,290,744,902 579,847,350 1,083,876,174 853,644,097 788,681,629 908,223,518 759,065,376 546,969,585 486,902,742 281,456,835 2012 6,916,000,000 4,974,986,885 5,010,103,575 5,078,846,210 3,930,464,801 4,175,659,824 2,472,755,072 2,416,443,780 2,796,454,140 1,074,269,044 1,584,173,658 192,435,176 916,108,309 1,333,301,136 652,653,100 1,242,045,258 866,569,791 835,462,891 856,017,294 770,017,128 547,952,796 457,015,252 299,749,460 2011 5,389,982,954 5,284,009,441 2,835,141,978 5,110,072,465 3,513,257,793 4,736,253,483 2,898,832,279 2,228,537,697 2,441,761,615 946,393,609 1,348,846,431 311,742,424 1,043,602,738 1,246,371,805 747,636,117 1,302,681,043 708,075,491 719,859,174 891,567,171 616,261,464 455,155,173 324,335,089 293,542,312 2010 5,000,000,000 1,204,600,962 5,168,616,265 3,037,522,802 3,474,058,438 2,937,369,714 1,475,562,810 1,625,283,143 1,894,644,607 1,001,062,591 187,159,098 4,768,929,763 289,012,978 927,824,358 631,914,821 367,597,911 343,963,685 897,089,000 442,226,147 450,942,200 410,853,660 241,660,568 206,797,446 2009 6,500,000,000 3,718,554,915 4,747,511,579 2,755,418,477 2,670,833,015 2,866,068,171 1,385,556,316 1,377,473,408 1,711,808,223 960,154,565 1,095,472,144 197,451,421 776,321,559 764,790,257 551,914,821 372,057,051 306,946,829 308,111,666 393,469,728 351,810,689 254,847,972 231,763,447 166,366,049 142,700,126 2008 6,504,386,005 4,342,485,548 2,727,617,009 3,184,467,525 3,040,715,443 2,586,671,823 1,658,955,555 1,514,997,040 1,642,196,247 1,405,537,783 1,452,345,980 1,777,294,826 826,069,993 607,444,705 443,573,035 611,176,593 390,799,698 554,860,153 373,430,121 293,146,788 213,620,632 221,103,320 2007 4,328,311,221 985,625,971 2,214,035,567 1,510,676,985 1,878,657,411 1,585,041,198 1,476,176,692 913,008,464 4,090,331,606 1,564,705,245 796,888,710 577,533,199 991,482,327 403,685,047 531,798,833 342,910,735 335,663,300 331,660,874 267,724,343 219,714,210 2006 6,749,414,750 4,655,173,033 855,740,796 1,243,912,592 3,047,817,127 596,878,119 2,110,175,297 1,394,688,433 704,313,144 547,389,826 1,772,345,376 1,173,778,311 616,787,561 487,648,225 218,338,624 696,160,022 390,159,737 226,674,682 246,417,081 183,439,525 210,125,342 65,000,000 2005 29,442,158,822 563,659,196 3,248,265,792 1,562,234,883 3,763,487,809 650,603,947 628,754,948 987,991,481 766,905,911 823,164,027 1,283,782,850 766,905,911 409,094,721 869,750,000 235,531,436 250,661,391 397,109,861 189,729,873 190,565,294 137,054,960 256,947,502 240,929,157 On the average, between 2005 and 2013, Universal Basic Education got the highest allocation, followed by National Teachers’ Institute, National Library of Nigeria, National Examination Council, etc in that order.
  12. 12. Agencies Universal Basic Education (UBE) National Examination Council West African Examination Council (Local & Int'l) Joint Admission Matriculation Board National Business Board And Technical Education Board National Library of Nigeria Librarians Registration Council of Nigeria National Commission for Mass Literacy UNESCO - PARIS Nomadic Education Commission French Language Village, Badagry Arabic Language Village, Borno Computer Professional Registration Council of Nigeria National Institute for Nigerian Languages National Education Research Development Council Nigerian Institute for Education Planners & Administration National Teachers Institute Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria National Open University National Mathematical Centre, Sheda Tertiary Education Trust Fund National Universities Commission National Commission for College Education National Board for Technical Education Category Basic Examination General Planning Teaching Tertiary Regulatory Average 9,488,256,593 3,388,512,027 2,741,735,497 1,726,014,492 888,057,548 3,516,343,485 1,076,291,957 980,501,752 680,032,385 574,332,970 454,463,359 344,127,200 219,145,060 191,814,642 1,786,015,802 629,931,731 3,603,922,811 563,353,821 3,230,001,843 533,159,096 293,564,976 1,689,443,235 1,332,281,538 1,317,031,330
  13. 13.  NECO gets more allocation than WAEC (International & Local)  The NUC receives more allocation than NBTE and NCCE  Allocation to the National Teachers’ Institute is considerably one of the highest, surpassed only by Universal Basic Education. This shows that there is concerted interest in the training of Teachers  Allocation to the National Library of Nigeria is the third highest, this implies that our schools ought to be equipped with necessary books. Also, the Liberian Registration Council of Nigeria is equally well funded, together, these two receives the second highest allocation. The implication of this means there supposed to be adequate supply of books and proper management of information in the Education Sector
  14. 14. Universities School Average ABU 9,730,071,923 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 8,644,308,215 13,027,825,911 14,725,088,237 14,620,778,361 12,926,005,791 11,979,956,372 11,821,651,247 UNN UI 9,537,955,429 8,308,176,132 8,886,435,957 7,914,356,078 8,657,103,216 7,847,209,313 7,607,445,721 6,184,855,446 6,767,499,770 6,557,382,324 3,740,514,707 4,259,181,233 8,483,215,848 13,622,195,711 13,476,473,647 13,032,911,097 7,720,497,641 6,763,253,916 6,372,006,740 5,412,086,800 5,899,062,233 4,050,454,845 7,340,215,885 13,739,064,091 12,895,190,851 10,917,686,345 7,229,520,848 5,314,494,311 4,818,886,011 4,286,186,552 4,174,208,301 2,686,705,660 6,994,382,163 10,429,506,806 10,330,488,818 10,973,718,546 6,556,498,606 6,057,436,169 5,689,079,994 4,868,310,043 4,920,667,484 3,123,732,997 UNILAG 6,874,388,645 11,770,994,613 10,452,007,961 9,512,326,187 5,715,770,440 6,214,070,465 5,951,377,870 4,589,846,701 4,359,713,922 3,303,389,646 UNIBEN OAU 2013 2012 2011 UNICAL 6,061,624,298 11,141,611,726 9,906,801,954 8,853,535,824 5,506,053,735 5,028,727,311 4,388,042,711 3,799,022,306 3,677,587,752 2,253,235,365 UNIPORT 5,811,157,851 10,123,149,505 9,143,189,617 7,971,819,488 5,063,194,178 4,578,508,083 4,717,378,618 4,276,352,449 3,868,281,451 2,558,547,266 UNIMAID 5,787,698,617 10,371,555,740 9,966,495,996 8,837,485,442 5,715,911,951 4,591,556,387 4,319,796,785 3,443,853,202 2,603,068,118 2,239,563,932 UNIUYO 5,259,485,488 8,958,170,799 8,745,411,376 8,267,874,010 4,604,584,929 4,408,313,478 4,031,171,432 3,563,278,767 2,951,520,623 1,805,043,974 UNILORIN 4,501,156,338 6,413,136,922 6,384,821,461 5,828,494,637 4,529,613,427 3,863,172,920 3,726,352,398 3,715,238,374 3,489,357,524 2,560,219,381 UNIJOS 4,497,633,801 6,910,434,696 7,534,600,171 6,386,778,534 4,326,832,198 3,756,904,371 3,251,594,820 3,090,810,630 2,851,327,892 2,369,420,895 4,408,890,157 8,670,387,352 7,470,309,492 6,489,312,880 3,690,050,034 3,347,176,282 3,261,202,605 2,663,376,120 2,404,036,870 1,684,159,777 4,322,771,068 7,445,376,152 7,330,956,470 6,708,342,015 4,136,578,409 3,518,558,058 2,689,443,645 2,622,482,237 2,713,794,383 1,739,408,239 FUTO 4,215,293,189 7,045,914,458 6,983,967,879 5,801,273,263 4,057,217,617 3,726,094,448 3,257,435,349 2,666,587,412 2,356,753,450 2,042,394,823 BAYERO UNIZIK UDUS 4,061,433,716 7,624,436,406 6,191,771,509 4,960,822,899 3,519,361,689 4,766,803,754 3,658,590,521 2,441,410,939 2,039,060,812 1,350,644,916 UNAAB 3,502,748,882 5,513,851,709 5,491,244,483 5,868,623,169 4,514,867,229 3,229,477,981 2,489,810,672 1,822,253,552 1,348,468,665 1,246,142,477 UNAM 3,106,907,677 5,396,866,285 5,029,832,721 4,420,322,652 2,708,095,465 2,459,225,790 2,288,713,059 1,950,416,694 2,129,553,204 1,579,143,222 FUTMINNA 2,993,368,843 4,689,124,304 4,821,545,791 3,284,274,123 3,351,880,291 2,696,299,421 2,645,293,967 2,243,529,652 1,904,201,817 1,304,170,220 FUTA 2,919,156,359 4,553,364,998 4,545,015,028 4,294,140,234 3,042,061,551 2,308,304,591 2,427,405,352 2,045,120,036 1,951,898,104 1,105,097,338 UNIABUJA 2,686,230,149 4,373,308,270 4,550,825,817 3,823,241,182 2,919,515,638 2,150,669,321 2,442,463,408 1,144,699,187 1,134,407,452 1,636,941,067 2,379,218,344 4,445,503,925 3,668,330,901 3,437,548,974 2,374,736,364 1,818,063,837 1,983,469,040 1,424,701,846 1,344,949,071 915,661,137 2,329,473,554 4,250,659,848 3,631,245,740 3,321,148,706 2,123,658,180 1,953,459,622 1,900,569,176 1,474,217,573 1,311,893,996 998,409,143 FUTYOLA 2,323,170,299 4,234,772,877 3,895,998,508 3,638,351,400 2,051,078,001 1,671,834,622 1,699,362,798 1,292,255,157 1,336,655,545 1,088,223,779 FUW 1,867,760,602 2,564,880,374 1,170,640,830 FUO 1,860,332,133 2,644,104,305 1,076,559,960 FUK 1,762,422,926 2,354,185,925 1,170,659,927 FUL 1,736,404,016 2,356,034,658 1,116,773,373 FUD 1,612,875,018 2,068,369,346 1,157,380,689 EFFURUN 1,395,308,198 1,609,590,074 1,117,948,984 3,601,905,876 2,030,993,257 1,511,216,155 1,226,299,136 372,720,619 267,099,679 820,000,000 FUDUTSE 1,299,966,308 1,581,962,912 1,017,969,703 FUNDUFU 1,268,430,397 1,458,506,452 1,078,354,341 FULAFIA 1,246,223,926 1,365,918,264 1,126,529,588 FUOTUOKE 1,203,995,659 1,324,238,218 1,083,753,100 UMUDIKE ATBU
  15. 15. School 2013 % UNIBEN UI ABU UNN UNILAG UNICAL OAU UNIMAID UNIPORT UNIUYO BAYERO 13,739,064,091 13,622,195,711 13,027,825,911 12,926,005,791 11,770,994,613 11,141,611,726 10,429,506,806 10,371,555,740 10,123,149,505 8,958,170,799 8,670,387,352 6.33 6.28 6.00 5.96 5.42 5.13 4.81 4.78 4.66 4.13 4.00  In 2013, UNIBEN got the highest allocation – 6% - of the entire allocation to the 35 Universities  The Big5 (UI, OAU, UNILAG, ABU, UNN) were allocated a total of 28.5% of the total University’s allocation
  16. 16. Polytechnics Polytechnic Federal Polytechnic Kaduna Yaba College of Technology Federal Polytechnic Auchi Federal Polytechnic Oko Federal Polytechnic Nekede Federal Polytechnic Mubi Federal Polytechnic Bida Federal Polytechnic Uwana-Afikpo Federal Polytechnic Gwandu Federal Polytechnic Ado-Ekiti Federal Polytechnic Offa Federal Polytechnic Bauchi Federal Polytechnic Idah Federal Polytechnic Nasarawa Federal Polytechnic Kaura-Namoda Federal Polytechnic Ilaro Federal Polytechnic Ede Federal Polytechnic Ekowe Federal Polytechnic Bali Federal Polytechnic Damaturu Federal Polytechnic Hussaini Adamu Average 4,700,082,064 2,926,034,944 2,856,049,301 2,587,678,417 2,080,532,289 1,951,934,210 1,936,388,552 1,935,832,840 1,863,469,991 1,763,686,823 1,607,651,379 1,555,271,150 1,545,023,170 1,514,968,612 1,466,031,424 1,358,485,621 1,320,480,801 1,071,907,447 815,713,232 721,636,671 695,105,922 2013 7,574,672,234 4,002,160,598 4,602,500,191 4,558,391,509 3,258,747,228 4,172,933,984 3,390,653,099 4,016,585,353 2,912,379,069 2,936,773,934 2,945,452,653 2,671,631,896 2,293,879,288 2,736,684,943 2,770,325,326 1,921,126,967 2,061,481,696 1,634,715,113 987,905,152 1,034,800,638 942,509,259 2012 7,418,829,170 4,808,035,513 4,656,622,724 4,220,563,626 3,532,991,564 3,448,681,778 3,506,261,959 3,640,553,868 2,801,041,846 2,626,872,838 2,169,623,262 2,471,430,231 2,341,021,582 2,602,683,219 2,591,203,682 2,000,775,721 1,796,341,614 1,304,800,680 958,115,339 1,098,601,994 972,840,293 2011 6,757,853,880 4,490,038,573 4,150,280,956 3,802,299,512 2,490,939,087 2,828,894,861 2,406,224,632 3,072,595,367 2,257,313,154 2,280,493,436 3,675,357,348 2,021,912,931 2,223,108,128 2,082,882,053 2,286,872,501 2,321,457,040 2,857,802,241 1,298,646,178 704,701,908 1,107,552,874 902,427,937 2010 4,004,215,467 2,832,293,651 2,962,601,416 2,380,827,630 2,067,193,621 1,762,109,794 1,718,178,120 1,531,119,527 1,715,916,102 1,475,135,309 1,269,773,499 1,458,578,373 1,453,113,723 1,227,540,068 1,265,632,065 1,166,351,659 1,148,736,474 1,285,630,512 1,239,904,795 642,165,093 592,723,837 2009 3,876,832,053 2,687,213,605 2,246,383,875 2,083,880,189 1,839,895,052 1,250,629,240 1,575,346,524 1,338,314,980 1,293,266,447 1,400,006,570 1,172,763,814 1,102,305,924 1,276,609,234 1,344,205,059 1,216,331,335 1,201,030,226 1,016,484,140 257,652,197 253,652,197 479,524,969 482,058,740 2008 3,157,561,798 2,151,383,772 2,066,504,448 1,805,829,496 1,551,439,520 1,613,459,460 1,325,870,493 1,358,075,768 1,154,860,036 1,254,559,321 938,997,143 1,098,467,846 1,138,587,516 972,251,257 1,070,565,795 1,068,248,221 808,063,132 483,719,733 594,282,596 2007 3,640,551,794 1,916,661,759 1,846,160,207 1,628,395,813 1,281,667,128 883,195,473 1,330,371,166 774,972,322 909,513,285 1,127,276,085 823,299,687 1,290,682,413 1,158,228,085 972,892,007 787,535,526 939,150,946 711,413,353 2006 3,468,977,593 2,017,431,324 1,751,545,229 1,726,934,860 1,408,307,555 899,803,119 1,243,424,506 822,246,105 2005 2,401,244,586 1,429,095,704 1,421,844,668 1,081,983,116 1,293,609,847 707,700,179 931,166,474 868,032,270 1,739,307,697 1,032,756,217 772,787,354 700,807,654 988,801,507 893,629,228 1,094,365,518 926,295,455 935,553,685 760,025,216 643,945,778 561,870,811 925,275,114 682,954,692 817,360,545 666,644,014 650,000,000 750,000,000 470,770,004 694,994,397 482,600,333 378,898,796  A total of 21 Polytechnics are being funded by the FG  Federal Poly, Kaduna maintains a consistent high allocation from 2013 till date  Yabatech came a distant second, with a close following by Auchi Poly
  17. 17. Colleges of Education College of Education Alvan Ikoku College of Education, Owerri Federal College of Education, Zaria Federal College of Education, Oyo Federal College of Education,Ondo Federal College of Education, Omuku Federal College of Education, Okene Federal College of Education, Obudu Federal College of Education, Pankshin Federal College of Education, Kano Federal College of Education, Umunze Federal College of Education, Abeokuta Federal College of Education, Akoka Federal College of Education, Yola Federal College of Education, Gombe Federal College of Education, Asaba Federal College of Education, Eha-Amufu Federal College of Education, Kontagora Federal College of Education, Katsina Federal College of Education, Potiskum Federal College of Education, Bichi Federal College of Education, Gausau Average 2013 2012 2011 2010 2,410,162,370 1,831,052,553 1,461,117,539 1,396,230,646 1,337,997,813 1,320,793,916 1,266,813,741 1,239,723,926 1,232,538,999 1,191,132,115 1,170,694,311 1,152,678,324 1,068,496,981 1,065,233,964 1,051,806,559 1,015,197,563 1,013,580,881 961,936,855 958,775,339 925,912,140 774,643,817 4,593,871,994 3,803,224,357 2,517,577,552 2,465,689,553 2,546,794,503 2,159,885,173 2,129,647,486 2,131,557,515 2,275,187,816 1,929,326,099 1,978,477,085 1,781,388,344 1,903,783,158 1,986,174,962 2,066,556,329 1,816,475,465 1,779,910,069 1,570,038,144 1,599,889,919 1,665,696,232 1,181,812,065 4,384,597,149 3,668,469,129 2,386,171,575 2,434,177,863 2,263,525,862 2,153,441,802 2,045,625,275 1,848,196,895 1,732,006,315 1,888,050,948 1,890,294,570 1,770,115,977 1,687,295,827 1,757,831,310 1,636,545,385 1,533,926,022 1,762,920,448 1,556,955,989 1,555,563,434 1,537,133,155 1,097,764,604 2,948,040,434 3,335,041,460 2,264,687,570 1,941,379,964 1,772,041,071 2,213,024,632 2,001,278,743 1,728,404,283 1,498,179,842 1,542,701,759 1,647,785,326 1,851,272,591 1,482,205,982 1,537,791,310 1,289,672,229 1,244,335,742 1,329,960,058 1,288,460,711 1,401,066,360 1,394,152,502 969,245,517 1,359,153,733 1,325,627,172 1,281,449,469 1,295,414,199 1,210,662,138 1,104,996,770 1,157,357,416 1,218,214,393 1,060,176,173 1,018,523,042 1,095,651,167 989,816,380 939,694,863 950,398,785 896,066,033 793,512,486 873,232,406 776,459,816 956,163,477 886,754,986 755,566,651 2009 2008 1,377,164,544 1,405,308,735 1,162,189,771 966,440,692 970,763,166 933,990,640 1,043,275,176 971,967,992 1,066,183,458 670,316,504 946,816,729 932,987,460 1,174,598,483 989,148,289 923,433,354 872,849,079 961,619,032 904,430,495 852,282,800 1,006,445,240 900,926,599 941,830,627 877,534,082 761,732,452 812,274,171 811,239,515 704,571,008 623,926,076 933,777,370 702,892,552 910,554,960 840,532,673 728,970,225 728,836,775 838,146,954 626,586,556 751,111,426 484,459,362 692,526,668 655,226,928 650,757,875 519,501,847 2007 850,323,060 848,651,953 878,151,379 624,820,736 860,835,095 761,876,008 670,533,582 822,724,375 700,282,773 788,976,294 991,645,703 645,293,566 576,852,320 761,351,125 922,757,117 872,197,535 615,117,556 705,704,519 715,630,229 428,092,090 2006 2005 763,246,143 1,258,179,694 835,463,394 1,141,501,330 738,476,731 686,922,267 1,084,158,871 937,566,878 1,156,377,786 693,129,133 660,503,503 670,013,348 1,004,400,613 684,167,644 602,052,194 584,219,242 737,653,634 716,207,647 472,295,827 967,968,724 803,000,000 604,911,196 688,586,229 700,556,292 746,134,712 776,680,854 454,869,707 680,167,363 900,960,067 626,198,590 599,177,994 690,095,883 664,672,400 445,159,291 495,230,364 472,631,405 461,981,171 648,012,337 458,811,907 313,792,734 401,084,983  A total of 21 Colleges of Education are being funded by the FG  Alvan Ikoku College of Education and College of Education, Zaria are the two most funded institutions; while COE, Zaria experienced a minimal allocation growth, Alvan Ikoku receives better allocation growth rate.
  18. 18. Government Colleges Government Colleges KING'S COLLEGE QUEEN'S COLLEGE LAGOS FGC IJANIKIN FGGC ENUGU FGGC OWERRI SULEJA ACADEMY FGC PORT HARCOURT FGC KADUNA FGC JOS FGC OGBOMOSHMO FGGC OYO FGC MINNA FGGC ABULOMA FGC ODOGBOLU FGC KWALI FGGC BWARI FGC GARKI FGGC SHAGAMU FGC ONITSHA FGGC TAMBUWAL Average 528,728,304 518,295,636 470,468,168 446,412,821 410,015,319 397,501,159 381,908,346 371,906,844 371,757,294 355,528,551 338,859,460 338,272,068 335,466,327 333,143,324 326,915,670 326,398,701 320,393,169 319,408,546 316,118,370 312,805,923 2013 638,753,127 655,129,456 581,786,378 537,443,939 474,309,366 697,192,694 450,892,384 454,406,404 403,434,251 524,560,127 356,505,272 415,038,057 406,357,293 538,760,566 412,394,543 467,883,029 436,526,647 384,018,627 356,597,646 1,129,819,514 2012 628,546,547 607,064,162 577,548,862 760,664,610 716,434,057 539,275,140 726,011,114 444,028,146 586,303,240 376,182,993 367,955,536 429,209,582 391,059,003 402,126,484 397,401,138 408,010,926 402,480,109 601,785,968 390,853,064 191,025,680 2011 652,431,174 609,788,058 603,218,946 428,386,350 386,353,857 511,535,560 452,916,991 451,154,496 571,954,763 713,166,439 633,334,282 448,238,892 398,522,120 379,662,734 571,028,671 330,227,335 413,480,339 164,320,044 350,453,364 236,330,571 2010 539,303,366 402,008,717 479,717,585 415,798,515 436,547,422 276,599,414 297,492,712 428,664,133 368,988,726 250,723,561 405,521,814 307,881,643 313,898,025 289,426,476 274,176,525 399,447,096 273,289,252 401,253,546 305,403,269 471,677,850 2009 525,365,276 553,663,640 520,659,048 434,650,110 366,045,574 365,872,115 369,040,908 386,887,127 316,667,331 303,982,537 309,353,878 350,750,654 364,001,812 348,385,990 294,888,971 346,542,579 363,823,587 321,050,973 270,956,157 128,528,878 2008 479,816,776 480,478,212 415,002,548 389,327,976 333,160,877 325,673,084 302,301,823 342,425,707 301,800,744 277,769,496 286,896,635 328,799,349 327,100,470 293,703,582 288,608,196 275,505,436 310,936,586 283,322,312 367,588,760 215,020,362 2007 484,539,138 442,715,027 396,222,681 361,601,337 352,375,601 418,361,188 290,864,104 319,061,778 293,553,801 286,213,888 276,738,779 303,193,745 306,877,273 290,386,755 257,641,528 248,143,602 357,655,096 266,154,513 360,779,457 279,033,902 2006 450,337,704 478,216,216 353,833,574 353,395,449 346,141,845 268,225,368 295,364,708 286,569,093 284,149,731 254,062,764 223,668,059 260,564,323 282,227,601 249,209,259 248,451,192 250,694,269 179,761,223 246,730,890 263,143,781 96,134,285 2005 359,461,629 435,597,236 306,223,893 336,447,100 278,769,270 174,775,870 252,290,375 233,964,711 218,963,057 213,095,156 189,760,886 200,772,367 229,153,350 206,628,072 197,650,269 211,134,035 145,585,683 206,040,039 179,289,832 67,682,264  A total of 81 Government Colleges are funded by the FG  King’s College, Quen’s College and Federal Government College, Ijanikin are the top 3 most funded colleges.
  19. 19. Technical Schools Technical Schools FTC YABA FTC OROZO FTC OTUPKO FTC JALINGO FSTC AWKA FTC UYO FTC IKARE FTC ZURU FSTC JUBU-IMUSHIN FSTC DAYI FTC ILESA FTC KAFANCHAN F.T S.C. SOKOTO FSTC AHOADA FTC SHIRORO FTC LASSA FTC OHANSO FTC UROMI FTC OTOBI FSTC DOMA FSTC USI-EKITI FSTC TUNGBO - YENAGOA FSTC MICHIKA Average 437,355,286 362,350,406 353,897,812 326,878,179 268,835,091 259,145,275 252,888,285 251,709,558 245,538,432 241,810,943 234,452,751 234,077,229 228,601,044 224,326,341 218,955,101 217,819,407 215,467,051 212,770,268 192,686,741 187,459,262 181,509,576 171,823,609 167,156,913 2013 788,576,080 644,579,226 481,484,507 450,188,079 469,168,762 481,156,374 410,042,996 412,438,583 491,180,123 310,268,569 481,771,996 402,827,827 290,859,049 369,554,005 430,245,466 363,516,544 404,790,404 414,588,434 259,220,489 298,137,996 374,289,035 363,257,202 329,500,169 2012 620,067,715 435,277,527 280,618,614 290,679,397 390,144,887 318,341,425 236,157,508 260,327,397 308,239,190 223,039,348 332,835,964 240,948,138 270,520,524 296,657,205 157,470,665 270,385,165 250,353,649 283,933,230 235,901,012 140,904,486 293,918,156 200,723,489 185,756,416 2011 283,467,296 474,970,057 260,363,515 366,364,022 313,669,736 331,830,185 278,704,397 344,196,160 322,740,999 195,395,591 316,164,146 305,967,718 304,042,339 224,280,919 269,852,600 172,389,162 210,266,890 259,486,424 223,711,651 183,876,247 230,527,367 203,974,295 183,980,680 2010 419,733,772 470,836,383 1,207,605,028 538,957,536 483,874,809 275,155,487 492,424,404 256,461,127 251,446,586 343,969,191 227,164,433 209,672,760 265,800,613 304,192,458 223,505,368 157,475,292 310,373,842 236,787,717 184,276,794 143,769,442 159,899,304 209,726,429 161,517,985 2009 456,497,136 281,484,847 245,306,111 339,938,705 246,725,869 202,508,646 232,818,895 296,895,996 211,931,064 158,067,404 213,973,464 213,336,630 264,206,760 252,650,049 235,956,898 266,860,678 151,323,152 200,101,758 189,265,523 158,067,404 195,512,203 147,131,907 190,140,635 2008 369,773,791 311,728,583 282,514,247 383,003,193 182,107,654 196,212,939 232,371,773 280,728,450 181,204,501 2007 410,738,147 253,598,288 190,348,667 262,771,454 194,927,157 259,728,360 219,307,472 239,751,072 192,422,579 2006 307,007,980 219,346,831 129,899,947 150,311,646 88,129,925 156,569,135 97,083,889 100,049,714 137,436,060 145,270,956 269,281,919 205,032,460 256,039,676 200,783,653 245,820,579 149,934,473 193,174,044 275,641,173 167,201,818 205,021,678 197,108,472 215,541,554 190,820,310 274,079,231 262,211,193 138,851,324 150,571,655 127,429,763 150,637,223 162,527,089 60,975,102 153,593,856 128,340,791 115,612,350 99,962,472 122,558,591 129,903,588 152,502,649 166,298,075 140,397,131 129,822,422 177,879,035 59,095,797 79,622,147 69,406,909 2005 280,335,661 169,331,916 106,939,676 159,689,576 50,767,019 110,804,925 77,083,235 74,537,525 113,244,782 220,125,557 98,262,223 109,001,171 97,312,086 39,046,106 108,367,092 81,507,221 84,337,503 88,047,010 93,033,777 200,000,000 50,043,604 59,651,944 39,932,314
  20. 20. Clearly, the Government is spending a larger percentage of the Sector’s allocation on Universities, nevertheless this has not brought much of the required chances. While it is clear that there exist a funding gap, I posit to say that beside funding other pertinent issues would need to be looked at, and in the words of former Minister of Education – Oby Ezekwesili – Education Governance would be the proper way to go. The multiplicity of Agencies; where there exist very thin lines between the works of two Government Agencies is another issue; for instance, the NUC, NBTE, NCCE, are 3 regulatory bodies in charge of Tertiary institutions, the Steve Oronsanya report advised government to merge these 3 Agencies as one body in order for government to maximize the available resources. Also, a gap exist between Budget Allocation and Budget Implementation; a control measure such that each Head of Agency gives reports on their budget implementation effort will be a crucial step for proper accountability.
  21. 21. Data source: - A Budget Guide for Civil Society Organisations Working in Education - Budget analysis manual (www.parliament.gov.za) - Nigeria Budget office (www.budgetoffice.gov.ng) Analysis by: Wale Micaiah (M.Sc., CISM, CCNP-Sec, MCSA) e: walegate@yahoo.com m: 08078001800 b: walemicaiah.blog.com w. www.statisense.com Freely share, freely use and freely acknowledge the source – © Wale Micaiah

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