Between 2011 and 2013; over 4.7millionCandidates have applied to Nigerian Universities,Polytechnics & Monotechnics, Colleges ofEducation and Innovation Enterprise Institutions.Each applied for 4 UTME Subjects; it is possible tofrom this data to predict and determine the futureEconomic strength and Knowledge capacity ofthe Nation since majority of these Candidateseventually becomes the Nation’s workforce.The Study therefore hope to establish a pattern ofCareer choices and possibly able to predict thecore strength of the Nation so as to takeprecautions in building a well suitable workforce.
The Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination isthe entrance examination conducted yearly bythe Joint Admission and Matriculation Board forapplicants seeking admissions into Nigeriantertiary institutions.Candidates have options of selecting 2Universities,Universities 2 Polytechnics / Monotechnics /Innovation Enterprise Institutions and 2 Collegesof Education as well as 2 Courses as first andsecond choice per institution.They are tested in 23 different UTME Subjects Subjects;however, each is to sit for 4 Subjects with Use ofEnglish as compulsory subject for All candidates.
The UTME Subjects are: are:Agriculture French Islamic StudiesArabic Geography Lit. Lit. in EnglishArt (Fine Art) Government MathematicsBiology Hausa MusicChemistry History PhysicsChristian Rel. Know Econs. Home Econs. Prin. of AccountCommerce Igbo Use of EnglishEconomics YorubaThe Subjects chosen are determined by therequirements stipulated in the JAMB Brochure foreach respective course
2013)JAMB Application (2011 – 2013): Year Applicants % Increase 2011 1,493,611 31.61 2012 1,503,933 31.82 2013 1,728,121* 36.57 4,725,665Only 10,322 candidates more of 2011applied in 2012 while there exist aconsiderable increase of over 220,000between 2012 and 2013. *Value as at that of analysis
Candidates’ Subjects Analysis – 2011A total of 1,493,611 candidates applied for the UTME 493,2011 across the federation and South Africa, UK, SaudiArabia, Ghana and Republic of BeninCandidates Choice (%) per Subject: Subject:Subject % Subject % Subject %Mathematics 50.44 Commerce 13.62 History 0.84Economics 42.67 Christian Rel. 13.60 Arabic 0.33Chemistry 40.94 Geography 4.71 Yoruba 0.28Government 40.41 Prin. Of Acct 3.04 Fine Art 0.19Physics 39.75 Islamic Rel. K 2.75 Igbo 0.15Biology 26.65 Agriculture 2.65 Home Econ. 0.10Lit In Eng. 14.99 Hausa 1.77 French 0.09 Music 0.04
Candidates’ Subjects Analysis – 2012A total of 1,503,933 candidates applied for the UTME 503,2012 across the federation and South Africa, UK, SaudiArabia, Ghana and Republic of Benin.Candidates Choice (%) per Subject: Subject:Subject % Subject % Subject %Mathematics 48.77 Christian Rel. 14.42 History 0.71Chemistry 41.77 Commerce 13.15 Arabic 0.31Economics 40.88 Geography 4.67 Yoruba 0.26Physics 40.61 Prin. Of Acct 3.21 Fine Art 0.18Government 40.25 Islamic Rel. K 2.78 Igbo 0.15Biology 27.54 Agriculture 2.65 Home Econ. 0.09Lit in Eng. 15.85 Hausa 1.63 French 0.08 Music 0.04
Candidates’ Subjects Analysis – 2013Of the 1.7million candidates who will be sitting for theUTME 2013, UTME Subjects of 908,000+ candidateswith presence in all 37 Test States (FCT inclusive) wereextracted for analysis.Candidates Choice (%) per Subject: Subject:Subject % Subject % Subject %Mathematics 46.10 CRK 14.47 History 0.57Chemistry 41.29 Commerce 12.02 Arabic 0.34Government 39.13 Geography 4.31 Yoruba 0.19Economics 38.65 Prin. of Acct 3.08 Fine Art 0.19Physics 38.56 Agriculture 3.02 Igbo 0.17Biology 26.93 Islamic Studies 2.51 Home Econ. 0.07Lit. in English 15.77 Hausa 1.29 French 0.06 Music 0.03
Clearly, with the sustained interests in the core sciences (Physics,Chemistry & Biology) it shows Applicants’ desires are in line Biology);with the World career trend where Sciences dominatesThe sustained interests in Economics Commerce and little of Economics,Accounting provides the needed acumen to convert intofinancial gains the inventions, discoveries and solution-drivenSciencesThe political clime for a sustainable development of the mind aswell as business is important to every Nation; hence theevidence shown in interests in Government is commendableThere is need to encourage interest in Agriculture because of itsimportance to the sustenance of life and healthThe Creative sector like Entertainment and the Arts requireencouragementThere is also need to find relevance for our Languages