The Engineering discipline is the bedrock on which
the Infrastructures – Transportation, Electricity and
Communication – of Nations relies.
According to the Global Competitiveness Index
(GCI), “Extensive and efficient infrastructure is critical
for ensuring the effective functioning of the economy, as
it is an important factor determining the location of
economic activity and the kinds of activities or sectors
that can develop in a particular economy”.
This study explores the Admission rate of the
Engineering discipline and its probable effect on the
growing population of the Nigerian State.
Engineering & Technology
To achieve the goals and objectives of the National Policy on Industrialization and
Self-Reliance, the Engineering and Technology education should be geared
a) The development of a thorough practice in engineering and technology training
b) Broad–based training in general Engineering and Technology at the early stages
of the programme
c) Practical application of Engineering, Technology and Manufacturing Processes.
d) Adequate training in human and organizational behaviour and management
e) Introduction to entrepreneurial education and training
f) Close association of the programme with industries in the country.
The general philosophy therefore is to produce graduates with high academic
standard and adequate practical background for self-employment as well as being
of immediate value to industry and the community in general.
The general goals and objectives of Engineering and Technology training should
be in consonance with the realization of national needs and aspirations vis-à-vis
industrial development and technological emancipation. The graduates must
therefore be resourceful, creative, knowledgeable and able to perform the
I. Graduates in Engineering
a) To design engineering projects and supervise their implementation
b) To design and implement components, machines, equipment and systems
c) To design and develop new products and production techniques in industries
d) To install and maintain complex engineering systems so that they can perform optimally in
e) To adapt and adopt exogenous technology in order to solve local engineering problems
f) To be able to exercise original thought, have good professional judgment and be able to
take responsibility for the direction of important tasks.
g) To be able to manage people, fund, materials and equipment.
h) To improve on indigenous technology to enhance local problems solving capability
II. Graduates in Technology
a) To be conversant with all the materials, components, machines, equipment, production
techniques and systems in his/her area of specialization.
b) To man and maintain the specific production equipment in his /her area of specialization
c) To plan, manage and be responsible for quality control of the products and processes in
d) To adapt and adopt exogenous technology in order to solve local technical problems.
e) To be able to manage people, fund, materials and equipment.
f) To improve on indigenous technology to enhance local problems solving capability
Nigeria has 128 Universities (as at July, 2013);
No. Funding Total
1 Federal 40
2 State 38
3 Private 50
Not all these institutions offer courses in the
Engineering field. According to the National
Universities Commission (NUC), there are a total of
13 Disciplines, Engineering & Technology being
one of these, is offered in 66 of 128 Universities.
These are the Engineering courses:
Agricultural, Automotive, Ceramic, Chemical, Civil,
Computer, Electrical, Electrical & Electronics, Electronics,
Environmental Resources Management, Food, Gas,
Glass, Industrial & Production, Information &
Communication, Irrigation, Management, Marine,
Materials & Metallurgical, Mechanical, Mechatronics &
System, Metallurgical, Mining, Operations Research,
Petrochemical, Petroleum, Petroleum & Gas, Polymer,
Polymer & Textile, Production, Project Management,
Public Health, Refrigeration & Air-conditioning, Remote
Sensing & GIS, Shipping & Maritime, Software, Structural,
Systems, Telecommunications, Transport Management,
Visual Arts, Water Resources, Wood Production
Engineering courses are also offered in Polytechnics,
therefore Students choices and admission rates would also
be analyzed and possible deductions presented. However,
University choices would be preferred as most applicants
prefer university education to others.
Agricultural Extension & Management, Agricultural, Aircraft,
Chemical, Civil, Computer, Computer, Dental, Digital
Multimedia, Electrical, Electrical/Electronics, Environmental
Health, Explosive Ordinance, Fisheries, Food, Forestry,
Foundry, Geological Survey, Glass/Ceramics, Horticultural,
Industrial Maintenance, Laboratory, Leather, Marine,
Mechanical, Mechatronics, Medical Imaging, Metallurgical,
Mineral Resources, Office & Management, Petroleum & Gas
Processing, Pharmaceutical, Polymer, Printing, Science
Laboratory, Security & Management, Telecommunication,
Textiles, Welding & Fabrication, Wood & Paper
Civil, Mechanical, Electrical /Electronics Engineering are
the top three most preferred Engineering courses
among University applicants; contributing 53%, 55%
and 57% applicants in 2011, 2012 and 2013
Despite interests shown in these courses; very limited
opportunities exist for graduates of these courses, this
invariably correlates with the deplorable state of our
Roads and Structures, Dependence on imported
Mechanical products such as Cars and other Machines,
and perennial lack of Electricity.
Similarly, Electrical/Electronics, Civil and Mechanical
Engineering are the top three preferred Engineering
courses among Polytechnic applicants.
The GCI 2012-2013 report on the state of Infrastructures,
ranks Nigeria as 130th of 144 countries. Below are the
components of Infrastructure, showing Score and Position
2nd pillar: Infrastructure Score Position
2.01 Quality of overall infrastructure ......................... 3.2 .... 117
2.02 Quality of roads ...................................................... 2.8 ..... 114
2.03 Quality of railroad infrastructure ...................... 1.9 ...... 95
2.04 Quality of port infrastructure ............................. 3.6 ...... 106
2.05 Quality of air transport infrastructure............... 4.0 ...... 100
2.06 Available airline seat kms/week, millions* ..... 308.3 ... 51
2.07 Quality of electricity supply ................................ 1.7 ...... 138
2.08 Mobile telephone subscriptions/100 pop.* ... 58.6 ..... 124
2.09 Fixed telephone lines/100 pop.* ....................... 0.4 ..... 135
Year Total Country Nigeria Rank
2006-2007 121 95
2007-2008 131 119
2008-2009 134 120
2009-2010 133 127
2010-2011 139 135
2011-2012 142 135
2012-2013 144 130
The Engineering discipline is a major economic driver in
the 21st Century; Nations who are currently blossoming,
have stable infrastructure that makes economic activities
seamless as well as profitable.
The growth rate of Nigeria population far outweighs the
production rate of Engineering graduates; this would
impact Electricity consumption, access to quality road,
Communication network as well as productive and
functioning Manufacturing sector.
The primary responsibility to provide a conducive
infrastructural clime lies with the Government; both in
churning out quality graduates as well as make certain
investments are made in ensuring these graduates have
opportunity to practice what they have painstakingly
learnt in schools, for the good of the Nation.