• Tea is an aromatic beverage prepared by adding
cured leaves of the Camellia Sinesis plant to hot
• The term also refers to the plant itself.
• After water, tea is the most widely consumed
beverage in the world. It has a cooling, slightly
bitter, astringent flavour which many enjoy.
ORIGIN & HISTORY
Before we proceed lets learn some thing
interesting about the history and origin
of this wonderful herb called tea.
Story of tea began in ancient China over
5,000 years ago. According to
legend, the Shen Nong, an early emperor
was a skilled ruler, creative
scientist, and patron of the arts.
His far-sighted edicts required, among
One summer day while visiting a
distant region of his realm, he and the
court stopped to rest. In accordance
with his ruling, the servants began to
boil water for the court to drink.
Dried leaves from the near by bush
fell into the boiling water, and a brown
liquid was infused into the water.
As a scientist, the Emperor was
interested in the new liquid, drank
some, and found it very refreshing.
Therefore, according to legend, tea
History Of Tea In India
• As we have already seen tea likely originated in China as a
medicinal drink and was first introduced during the 16th
century. Drinking tea became popular in Britain during the
17th century. The British introduced it to India, in order to
compete with the Chinese monopoly on the product.
Maniram Dewan (1806-1858) was the first Indian tea planter.
• The tea cultivation begun there [India] in the nineteenth
century by the British, however, has accelerated to the point
that today India is listed as the world's leading producer, its
715,000 tons well ahead of China's 540,000 tons, and of
course, the teas of Assam, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka ), and
Darjeeling are world famous.
Tea Producing States in India
• The major tea-producing states in India are :
The major tea production that takes place in our country, comes from the states: Assam, West
Pradesh, Himachal, Nagaland, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Bihar and Odisha.
• Tea requires a moderately hot and humid climate. Climate influences yield, crop
distribution and quality.
• Climatic factors
- Rainfall: Distribution of rainfall matters a lot for sustained high yield of tea throughout the
season. In the North East India, the rainfall distribution is not even. The excess rainfall in the
monsoon months causes drainage problems. If this dry spell persists for a longer period, tea
plants suffer heavily and crop goes down in spite of having sufficient rainfall in the monsoons.
Thus, adequate rainfall during winter and early spring is crucial for high yield.
-Tea grows well on high land well drained soils having a good depth. Shallow and compacted subsoils limit root growth. Tea plants growing on such soils are liable to suffer from draught during
dry period and water logging during the rainy months. The depth of ground water table should
not be less than 90 cm for good growth of tea.
TEA IS AN EVERGREEN SHRUB WHICH CAN GROW UP TO 17M
IT IS USUALLY KEPT BELOW 2M HIGH.
•Tea leaves and flushes• terminal bud and
•two young leaves,
•Camellia sinensis bushes
• early spring and
•early summer or late spring.
2. Withering/ Wilting:
•gradual onset of enzymatic oxidation.
•used to remove excess water from the leaves and
allows a very slight amount of oxidation.
•put under the sun o
• left in a cool breezy room to pull moisture out from
or "leaf maceration“
• the tea leaves are bruised or torn
•lightly bruised on their edges
•by shaking and tossing in a•bamboo tray or
•tumbling in baskets.
4. Oxidation / Fermentation:
•leaves are left on their own in a climate-controlled room
•they turn progressively darker.
•this is accompanied by agitation in some cases.
•the chlorophyll in the leaves is enzymatically broken down.
5.Fixation / Kill-green:
•done to stop the tea leaf oxidation
•moderately heating tea leaves
•deactivating their oxidative
•removing unwanted scents in the
• without damaging the flavour of
6. Sweltering / Yellowing:
Unique to yellow teas
• warm and damp tea leaves from after kill-green
•allowed to be lightly heated in a closed container
•which causes the previously green leaves to turn yellow.
7. Rolling / Shaping:
•The damp tea leaves are then rolled to be
formed into wrinkled strips
• or using a rolling machine which causes the
tea to wrap around itself.
•This rolling action also causes some of the
sap, essential oils, and juices inside the leaves
to ooze out
• further enhances the taste of the tea
•Drying is done to "finish" the tea
• This can be done in different
ways includingA. panning
C. air drying
D. baking- baking is usually the
9. Aging / Curing:
•some teas required additional aging
•secondary fermentation, or baking to reach their drinking
•flavoured teas are manufactured in this stage
4. Use fresh water. Stale water makes
5. Make sure you warm your tea pot before
adding hot water and tea leaves.
6. Steep the tea in water that is neither
under boiled nor over boiled.
7. Use one teaspoon teabag of tea per
person and one extra for the pot.
8. Let the tea infuse for the right
amount of time.
9. Use teapots made of
Earthenware, Stainless Steel and China.
Avoid ones made of Tin.
10. Don’t add milk to the tea too soon. Wait
for the last possible minute.
First of all, one should use Indian or Ceylonese tea
Secondly, tea should be made in small quantities
Thirdly, the pot should be warmed beforehand.
Fourthly, the tea should be strong.
Fifthly, the tea should be put straight into the pot
Sixthly, one should take the teapot to the kettle and not the other way
Seventhly, after making the tea, one should stir it, or better, give the pot a
Eighthly, one should drink out of a good breakfast cup
Ninthly, one should pour the cream off the milk before using it for tea.
Tenthly, one should pour tea into the cup first
Lastly, tea — unless one is drinking it in the Russian style — should be
drunk without sugar