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[7] Startup Stage #4 - Szymon Słupik - Internet of Things Communication Protocols

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[7] Startup Stage #4 - Szymon Słupik - Internet of Things Communication Protocols

  2. 2. IoT means Low Power Radio Laptop computer 15W average, always on WiFi: 54Mbps +, streaming data Last mile: 10Mbps + Presence sensor 15μW average (6 orders less!) 75mW transmission power 3ms transmission time @125kbps 1 message every 75 seconds 12 years on a CR2450 coin cell battery Forever on a 3x7cm photovoltaic @50lx (dim room)
  3. 3. Low Power Radio Protocols Range between 10m and 100m (typical) IEEE 802.15 (open / multi – vendor): Bluetooth Low Energy ZigBee 6LoWPAN Other (closed / single – vendor) ANT / ANT+ Z-Wave EnOcean (ISO/IEC 14543-3-10) Proprietary Hundreds / thousands of things
  4. 4. Radio Estate Properties 2.4GHz (globally unified but crowded) Bluetooth LE ZigBee 6LoWPAN ANT / ANT+ Sub–GHz: 868/902/915MHz(regional, low duty cycle) ZigBee 6LoWPAN Z-Wave EnOcean 433 MHz (globally unified) Proprietary (eg weather stations)
  5. 5. Bluetooth Low Energy Bluetooth SIG: Bluetooth 1/2/3 = streaming media (audio etc.) Bluetooth LE = sensors and actors („things”) Bluetooth 4 = Bluetooth 3 & BLE (dual mode) Smartphones Not supported on Android today Only via proprietary (but open) stacks (Broadcom) Expected at GoogleIO 2013 Strict transport / open application layer Star network topology No mesh / repeaters Energy efficient receivers
  6. 6. ZigBee ZigBeeAlliance: Strict 802.15.4 MAC layer (868/915MHz / 2.4GHz) Common transport layer for proprietary applications Application – layer open standards emerging ZLL (ZigBee Light Link) ZHA (ZigBee Home Automation) ZSE (ZigBee Smart Energy) Ad-hoc mesh network topology Coordinators, repeaters, end nodes Destination – based routing (self healing)
  7. 7. Z-Wave Z-Wave Alliance: Controlled by Sigma Designs Requires membership, NDA Physical layer varies by region (frequencies / radio bands) Strict Application – layer protocol Command Classes guarantee interoperability Wide selection of compatible products Source – based routing mesh Not self – healing Controllers, slaves
  8. 8. EnOcean EnOcean Alliance Controlled by EnOcean GmbH (the company) Spin-off of SiemensAG Designed for energy harvesting Mechanical, photovoltaic, thermoelectric True wireless: very popular for sensors Physical layer varies by region (frequencies) Application layer is optional Equipment Profiles Star network topology Up to 2 repeaters between nodes
  9. 9. 6LoWPAN 6LoWPAN IETF group RFC 4944 IPv6 over Low powerWireless Personal Area Networks MAC layer based on 802.15.4 (same as ZigBee) Varies by region (frequencies) Fragmentation, header compression Transport layer: UDP orTCP Vendor – specific „mesh under” NXP (Jennic),TI, ZMDI Standard addressing (IPv6) and security (IPsec, IKE) No application layer standards yet Potential to „rule them all” Including BLE, ZigBee (IP),Z-Wave,PowerLine Communications
  10. 10. The question Which one to choose?
  11. 11. The answer It depends… Reach: Bluetooth LE Features: ZigBee Compatibility: Z-Wave Efficiency: EnOcean Security: 6LoWPAN