Assignment 3 Presentation


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  • Assignment 3 Presentation

    1. 1. Emotion Design Probe Improving learning experience in Lecture Theatres Koh Swee Leng Lau Pui Wah Pham Thi Phoung Thao
    2. 2. Objective <ul><li>Improve learning experience in LT culturally and technologically by targeting at existing problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Methodologies: </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnography , Cultural probe & Laddering </li></ul>
    3. 3. Ethnography <ul><li>Observed 3 lecture lessons :- </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LT32 , 4-6pm, 120 – 140 students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LT8 , 12 – 2 pm, 70-100 students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LT11 2- 4 pm, 120 – 140 students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Key observation points : </li></ul><ul><li>1) Environment and ergonomics of LT design </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. Tight space between rows  immobility (LT3 </li></ul><ul><li>2) Students’ behavior since start of lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. Late-coming habits  class disturbance </li></ul>
    4. 4. Ethnography <ul><li>3) Lecturer’s performance </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. Read from slides  Boring, unable to engage students. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Cultural Probe <ul><li>Why cultural probe ? </li></ul><ul><li>People usually say one thing and mean another </li></ul><ul><li>Give respondents their own privacy space  record down their true feelings in a less pressurizing context </li></ul><ul><li>Discover their inner real time thoughts </li></ul>
    6. 6. Cultural Probe <ul><li>15 respondents  3 yr ones , 6 yr twos, 6 yr threes </li></ul><ul><li>1) Diary Study (using postcards) : </li></ul><ul><li>Record 3 different LT learning experience over 5 days </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines : </li></ul><ul><li>- What you did before the lecture </li></ul><ul><li>- Time you entered lessons </li></ul><ul><li>- Where you sit & why </li></ul><ul><li>- Other students behavior </li></ul><ul><li>- Any thoughts about the LT </li></ul><ul><li>- Emotions from start to end of lecture </li></ul><ul><li>- Specific incidents/ good or bad experience during lessons </li></ul>
    7. 7. Cultural Probe <ul><li>Photo taking : </li></ul><ul><li>- What you hate/love about anything in this LT / lesson </li></ul><ul><li>- Moments in lecture </li></ul>
    8. 8. Laddering <ul><li>An extension to cultural probe </li></ul><ul><li>In-depth understanding of viewpoints in diary/photos </li></ul><ul><li>Example : </li></ul><ul><li>Qn: In your diary, you wrote that you cant hear the lecturer clearly. Why is not being able to listen to lecture properly a bad thing? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans: ‘cos I wont be able to understand what he is teaching   </li></ul><ul><li>Qn: Why is not being able to hear him bad? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans: ‘cos I wont be able to understand what he is teaching  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    9. 9. Laddering <ul><li>Qn: why is not understanding the lecture a bad thing? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans: then I wont score well for the exam ma! </li></ul><ul><li>Qn: why is not scoring well in your exam a bad thing? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans: ‘cos I want to get a good job  </li></ul><ul><li>Qn: Why do you need to get a good job? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans: ‘cos I want to enjoy life  </li></ul><ul><li>Qn: Why is getting a good job going to let you enjoy life? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans: ‘Cos I’ve have a lot of money to get things I wan  </li></ul><ul><li>Qn: why would you want to get things that you want? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans: ‘Cos I want!!  </li></ul>
    10. 10. Laddering <ul><li>Spending power to enjoy life </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve good career </li></ul><ul><li>Scoring well for exams </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Audibility </li></ul>
    11. 11. Problems <ul><li>Seating & capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow spaces between rows of </li></ul><ul><li>seats hinder physical movement  </li></ul><ul><li>sit at the aisle seats  </li></ul><ul><li>leaving empty seats in the middle </li></ul><ul><li>Students refuse to sit at the front  hinders interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Back of seat too short (plastic)  back backache </li></ul><ul><li>Reservation of seats </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Seating & capacity (Cont’d) </li></ul><ul><li>Huge lecture size  not enough seats, high noise level, not paying attention </li></ul><ul><li>Lecture hall too big  lack of interactivity/cannot see the lecturer from the back </li></ul><ul><li>2) Visibility </li></ul><ul><li>Screen too small & not clear enough </li></ul><ul><li> especially if seating at the sides columns </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t see writings on whiteboard </li></ul><ul><li>First 2 rows too near to the screen </li></ul>Problems
    13. 13. Problems <ul><li>4) Acoustic & Noise </li></ul><ul><li>Noisy students </li></ul><ul><li>Doors can be quite noisy when pushing in and out </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of clarity  muffling / lecturer mumbling  cannot hear properly </li></ul><ul><li>3) Table </li></ul><ul><li>Table too small </li></ul><ul><li>Table not user friendly for left handers </li></ul><ul><li>Cumbersome flipping table  need to take down things before can proceed to toilet </li></ul>
    14. 14. Problems <ul><li>5) Interactivity / Lecturer’s presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of student’s participation  dare not ask questions </li></ul><ul><li>Boring & rigid lecturing style discourage interactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Monotonous lecturing skills (*Yawn Zzzz)  Skip lecture </li></ul>
    15. 15. Problems <ul><li>Interactivity / Lecturer’s presentation (Cont’d) </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of multi-media teaching format. Eg. Videos </li></ul><ul><li>Notes too general  difficult to follow progress </li></ul><ul><li>Students unable to link the concepts taught by lecturer </li></ul><ul><li>Lecturers do not know how to use the various media controls. Eg. Turning up the volume  Inefficiency </li></ul>
    16. 16. Problems <ul><li>6) Learning environment & ambience too dull </li></ul><ul><li>7) Accessibility of certain lecture halls </li></ul><ul><li>8) Lectures before 10am too early  sleepy mode/ unable to concentrate </li></ul><ul><li>9) Punctuality problem </li></ul><ul><li>10) Temperature too cold at times </li></ul><ul><li>11) Not Enough electric plugs for laptops. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Technological Solutions <ul><li>Longer back rest with head rest for tired necks and backs from lowering heads copying notes </li></ul><ul><li>Sliding track with spring which pushes chair under the tables automatically so as not to obstruct the path </li></ul><ul><li>A locking mechanism to lock the sliding chair accordingly to the user's preferences </li></ul>To solve problems of seating & capacity ….
    18. 18. Ideal Seats
    19. 19. Technological Solutions <ul><li>To solve problems of seating & capacity (cont’d)…. </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease no. of sitting rows (size of lecture)  encourage interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Slightly increase spaces between rows to allow </li></ul><ul><li>walking space </li></ul><ul><li>Build entrance at the centre-sides of LTs (Rather then the back)  direct more students to sit at the front </li></ul>
    20. 20. Technological Solutions <ul><li>To solve problems of interactivity & acoustic noise … </li></ul><ul><li>A earphone inlet to plug in the earphone  Enhance acoustic sounds , Enhance concentration, prevent neighboring students disturbing and talking to you </li></ul><ul><li>A microphone connected to their table to facilitate students raise questions </li></ul>
    21. 21. Technological Solutions <ul><li>To solve problems of interactivity & acoustic noise (cont’d) </li></ul><ul><li>A wireless/bluetooth system which allow students to log in via handphone/laptop & send real-time questions to the lecturer at the front  good for those who are afraid to speak out their queries  direct interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Configure wall surface, and ceiling pane to enhance acoustic sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Install automatic slider doors  prevent noise distraction from pushing of doors </li></ul>
    22. 22. Technological Solutions <ul><li>To solve table problems .. </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt to the bench table sitting format  big surface area , for left + right handers , no need to take down things to move out (just slide back the chair) </li></ul><ul><li>Bag compartment under table  prevent students from always putting their bags on the chairs beside them </li></ul>
    23. 23. Ideal Tables <ul><li>The tables are featured individually but a linkage of tables is available also </li></ul>
    24. 24. Technological Solutions <ul><li>To solve visibility problems… </li></ul><ul><li>Increase screen size by 0.5 times to enhance visibility </li></ul><ul><li>Improved Multi-angle viewing screen </li></ul><ul><li>Kill off white boards  use writing projectors instead </li></ul><ul><li>To increase visceral appeal of LT (conducive environment) </li></ul><ul><li>Use brighter colors for furniture & walls </li></ul><ul><li>Hang a few art pieces </li></ul>
    25. 25. Technological Solutions <ul><li>To Simplify the central AV control system for the lecturer </li></ul><ul><li> increase efficiency .. </li></ul><ul><li>A touch screen panel . EXAMPLE : </li></ul>CONTROLS VOLUME SCREEN LIGHTING TEMP PROJECTOR c NOTEBOOK AV INPUT VCD/DVD WRITING PROJECTOR BACK SHUT DOWN
    26. 26. Technological Solutions <ul><li>Others .. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase electric plugs at every row  for laptops </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain temperature at 27 degrees  not too cold </li></ul>
    27. 27. Cultural Solutions <ul><li>To improve problem of punctuality & unresponsiveness  </li></ul><ul><li>Push all lectures timing to after 10 am </li></ul><ul><li>To gain attention & enhance motivation … </li></ul><ul><li>Play videos/audio (related to module) at the start of the lecture to allow buffer time for late comers  also increase motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Present a meaningful problem for students to think  present lecture as solution to problem </li></ul>
    28. 28. Cultural Solutions <ul><li>To gain attention & enhance motivation (Cont’d) … </li></ul><ul><li>Relate knowledge to interesting real life accounts  Laddering reveals some of the under lying motivations comes from inputting knowledge learnt into their future career. </li></ul><ul><li>Add humor to the lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Voice training !! : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speak clearly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not too fast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speak with strength & zest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non – monotonous : Stress, volume, pause </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Cultural Solutions <ul><li>To increase interaction & attendance … </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease class size intake </li></ul><ul><li>Apply learning process theory, using rewards and punishments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rewards: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage students to come to class by giving some information not included in the lecture notes. (Eg. Exam tips) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase lecture participation points to 15% </li></ul></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Cultural Solutions <ul><li>To increase interaction & attendance (Cont’d)… </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Small in-class quizzes to mark attendance. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Small prizes for students who participate in class’s activities. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>End lessons early for active participation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Punishments: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Students coming late are required to participate in class’s activities first. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    31. 31. Limitations <ul><li>Cost of building / lecturer training </li></ul><ul><li>Cost efficiency vs Functionality. Eg bigger individual table seat </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of lecturer . Eg. Mundane personality </li></ul>
    32. 32. QUESTIONS ?