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steven.decosta@linkdigital.com.au
www.linkdigital.com.au
twitter.com/starl3n
2Link designs and develops web sites.
3Link designs and develops web sites.
4Link designs and develops web sites.
OPEN DATA
Good (economic) 6
In economics, a good is a material that satisfies
human wants[1] and provides utility, for example, to a...
Types of goods 26
Who is talking about open data? 27
Political
Community
Technical
Bureaucratic
Why are they talking? 28
Unlocking economic value
Transparency
Efficiency
What is open data? 29
Schema
Data
APPS
API
What is not open data? 30
.doc
.pdf
.xls
.jpg
Software
Hardware
Software
Hardware
APPS
_X_ _?_ _X_ _?_ _X_ _?_ _X_ _?_
Quality of open data 31
Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the
Web and Linked Data initiator,
suggested a 5 star deployment
...
Who is talking about open data? 32
Political
Community
Technical
Bureaucratic
Who is talking about open data? 33
Political
Community
Technical
Bureaucratic
=
=
Use cases
Platform
Origins of open data 34
A Brief History of Open Data
By Simon Chignard
http://www.paristechreview.com/2013/03/29/brief-
hi...
Origins of open data 35
The term open data appeared for the first time in 1995, in a
document from an American scientific ...
Origins of open data 36
The idea of common good applied to knowledge had
already been theorized, well before the invention...
Origins of open data 37
Information technologies have also given a new breath to
this philosophy of commons. In her resear...
Origins of open data 38
Peer review assumes some level of openness is provided.
But it is the encounter between this scien...
Origins of open data 39
In December 2007, thinkers and activists of the Internet
held a meeting north of San Francisco. Th...
Origins of open data 40
The basic idea is that public data are a common property,
in the same way as scientific ideas.
The...
Origins of open data 41
2009 - Yes We Can!
http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Transparen
cyandOpenGovernment
My Ad...
Origins of open data 42
Yes we can
http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Transparen
cyandOpenGovernment
My Administra...
Origins of open data 43
Yes we can
http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Transparen
cyandOpenGovernment
My Administra...
Origins of open data 44
Yes we can
http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Transparen
cyandOpenGovernment
My Administra...
Origins of open data 45
Yes we can
http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Transparen
cyandOpenGovernment
My Administra...
Origins of open data 46
Yes we can
http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Transparen
cyandOpenGovernment
My Administra...
Origins of open data 47
Yes we can
http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Transparen
cyandOpenGovernment
My Administra...
Diminishing economies of
scale required for
effective collaboration
1
Digital anthropology
Horrible histories
Are we stupid?
2
Big Data
Unexpected insights
3
Sensors
Event triggers
Data points
4
Public amenities
Booking systems
Pop up markets
5
Economic value chain
Supply and Demand
6
Analysis indicates that more vigorous
open data policies could add many
billions per annum to the Australian
economy.
7
Slip Slop Slap and
Don't Drink and Drive
8
Slip Slop Slap and
Don't Drink and Drive
Anti vax
Kim Kardashian's ....
8
Government Digital
Service UK
Digital Transformation
Office AU
9
steven.decosta@linkdigital.com.au
www.linkdigital.com.au
twitter.com/starl3n
Why are they talking? 59
When to release data in a private
company?
Transaction costs
Economies of scale
Who is your compe...
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015
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Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015

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Slides which supported the 30 minute presentation by Steven De Costa at API Days Sydney on 11 February 2015. The subject covered open data as a platform and its use cases. It also covered a discussion on economic goods as they related to public information goods. Nine discussion points are added at the end.

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Economics of Open Data, presented at APIDays Sydney, 11 Feb 2015

  1. 1. steven.decosta@linkdigital.com.au www.linkdigital.com.au twitter.com/starl3n
  2. 2. 2Link designs and develops web sites.
  3. 3. 3Link designs and develops web sites.
  4. 4. 4Link designs and develops web sites.
  5. 5. OPEN DATA
  6. 6. Good (economic) 6 In economics, a good is a material that satisfies human wants[1] and provides utility, for example, to a consumer making a purchase. A common distinction is made between 'goods' that are tangible property (also called goods) and services, which are non-physical.[2] Commodities may be used as a synonym for economic goods but often refer to marketable raw materials and primary products.[3] Although in economic theory all goods are considered tangible, in reality certain classes of goods, such as information, only take intangible forms. For example, among other goods an apple is a tangible object, while news belongs to an intangible class of goods and can be perceived only by means of an instrument such as print, broadcast or computer.
  7. 7. Types of goods 26
  8. 8. Who is talking about open data? 27 Political Community Technical Bureaucratic
  9. 9. Why are they talking? 28 Unlocking economic value Transparency Efficiency
  10. 10. What is open data? 29 Schema Data APPS API
  11. 11. What is not open data? 30 .doc .pdf .xls .jpg Software Hardware Software Hardware APPS _X_ _?_ _X_ _?_ _X_ _?_ _X_ _?_
  12. 12. Quality of open data 31 Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the Web and Linked Data initiator, suggested a 5 star deployment scheme for Open Data. See more: http://5stardata.info/
  13. 13. Who is talking about open data? 32 Political Community Technical Bureaucratic
  14. 14. Who is talking about open data? 33 Political Community Technical Bureaucratic = = Use cases Platform
  15. 15. Origins of open data 34 A Brief History of Open Data By Simon Chignard http://www.paristechreview.com/2013/03/29/brief- history-open-data/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/
  16. 16. Origins of open data 35 The term open data appeared for the first time in 1995, in a document from an American scientific agency. It dealt about the disclosure of geophysical and environmental data. To quote the authors of the report: “Our atmosphere, oceans and biosphere form an integrated whole that transcends borders.” They promote a complete and open exchange of scientific information between different countries, a prerequisite for the analysis and understanding of these global phenomena.
  17. 17. Origins of open data 36 The idea of common good applied to knowledge had already been theorized, well before the invention of the Internet. Robert King Merton, as early as 1942, explained the importance that the results of research should be freely accessible to all. Each researcher must contribute to the “common pot” and give up intellectual property rights to allow knowledge to move forward.
  18. 18. Origins of open data 37 Information technologies have also given a new breath to this philosophy of commons. In her research, the 2009 Nobel Prize of Economics Elinor Orstrom showed the specificity of information commons. They are very similar to public goods, because their use by one person does not impede their use by others. However, these are public goods of a new kind: not only their use doesn’t deplete the common stock, but it enriches it. *compare this to a park or a public swimming pool
  19. 19. Origins of open data 38 Peer review assumes some level of openness is provided. But it is the encounter between this scientific idea and the ideals of free software and open source that shaped open data as we know it today.
  20. 20. Origins of open data 39 In December 2007, thinkers and activists of the Internet held a meeting north of San Francisco. Their aim was to define the concept of open public data and have it adopted by the US presidential candidates. Among them were: Tim O’Reilly (open source, Web 2.0) Lawrence Lessig (creative commons) Together, they created the principles that allow us today to define and evaluate open public data
  21. 21. Origins of open data 40 The basic idea is that public data are a common property, in the same way as scientific ideas. The means to achieve this idea concerned primarily the sharing and use of this common good. They are directly inspired by the approach and practice of open source, built on three concepts: openness, participation and collaboration.
  22. 22. Origins of open data 41 2009 - Yes We Can! http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Transparen cyandOpenGovernment My Administration is committed to creating an unprecedented level of openness in Government. We will work together to ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, public participation, and collaboration. Openness will strengthen our democracy and promote efficiency and effectiveness in Government.
  23. 23. Origins of open data 42 Yes we can http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Transparen cyandOpenGovernment My Administration is committed to creating an unprecedented level of openness in Government. We will work together to ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, public participation, and collaboration. Openness will strengthen our democracy and promote efficiency and effectiveness in Government.
  24. 24. Origins of open data 43 Yes we can http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Transparen cyandOpenGovernment My Administration is committed to creating an unprecedented level of openness in Government. We will work together to ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, public participation, and collaboration. Openness will strengthen our democracy and promote efficiency and effectiveness in Government.
  25. 25. Origins of open data 44 Yes we can http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Transparen cyandOpenGovernment My Administration is committed to creating an unprecedented level of openness in Government. We will work together to ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, public participation, and collaboration. Openness will strengthen our democracy and promote efficiency and effectiveness in Government.
  26. 26. Origins of open data 45 Yes we can http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Transparen cyandOpenGovernment My Administration is committed to creating an unprecedented level of openness in Government. We will work together to ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, public participation, and collaboration. Openness will strengthen our democracy and promote efficiency and effectiveness in Government.
  27. 27. Origins of open data 46 Yes we can http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Transparen cyandOpenGovernment My Administration is committed to creating an unprecedented level of openness in Government. We will work together to ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, public participation, and collaboration. Openness will strengthen our democracy and promote efficiency and effectiveness in Government.
  28. 28. Origins of open data 47 Yes we can http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Transparen cyandOpenGovernment My Administration is committed to creating an unprecedented level of openness in Government. We will work together to ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, public participation, and collaboration. Openness will strengthen our democracy and promote efficiency and effectiveness in Government.
  29. 29. Diminishing economies of scale required for effective collaboration 1
  30. 30. Digital anthropology Horrible histories Are we stupid? 2
  31. 31. Big Data Unexpected insights 3
  32. 32. Sensors Event triggers Data points 4
  33. 33. Public amenities Booking systems Pop up markets 5
  34. 34. Economic value chain Supply and Demand 6
  35. 35. Analysis indicates that more vigorous open data policies could add many billions per annum to the Australian economy. 7
  36. 36. Slip Slop Slap and Don't Drink and Drive 8
  37. 37. Slip Slop Slap and Don't Drink and Drive Anti vax Kim Kardashian's .... 8
  38. 38. Government Digital Service UK Digital Transformation Office AU 9
  39. 39. steven.decosta@linkdigital.com.au www.linkdigital.com.au twitter.com/starl3n
  40. 40. Why are they talking? 59 When to release data in a private company? Transaction costs Economies of scale Who is your competitor? (technology)

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