The Cambodian Population


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  • 1887 – Cambodians are descendants of the Angkor empire that extended over Southeast Asia from the 10th to 13th century. Attacks by Thai and Cham (modern-day Vietnam) led the Angkor King to place Cambodia under French protection and eventually becoming part of Indochina1953 – Following Japanese occupation in WWII, Cambodia gained full independence from France1975 – after a 5 year struggle, communist Khmer Rouge forces capture the capital. Killing fields – a number of sites in Cambodia where large numbers of people were killed and buried by the Khmer Rouge regime1978 -
  • 1991 – Peace Accords were not fully respected by Khmer Rouge1993 – elections help restore some semblance and normalcy1998 – semi-political stability restoredIn 2008 the Cambodian’s People Party secured 60% of the vote, making Hun Sen the Prime Minister
  • The Cambodian Population

    1. 1. CAMBODIAKristen Figueroa, Nineveh Michel,Kevin Trieu, Sheridan Taormina
    2. 2. LocationCapital: Phnom Penh
    3. 3. Demographics Population: 14,952,665 Ethnic Groups: Khmer 90% Vietnamese 5% Chinese 1% Other 4% Religious Groups: Buddhist 96.4% (Official) Muslim 2.1% Other 1.3%(World Fact Book, 2012)
    4. 4. History 1887 – Cambodia becomes part of French Indochina 1953 – Cambodia gains full independence from France 1975 – Communist Khmer Rouge forces capture Cambodiancapital Phnom Penh and evacuate all cities and towns Pol Pot – Cambodian Communist Revolutionary, led Khmer Rougeforces At least 1.5 million die from execution, forced hardships, andstarvation Killing fields – estimate 1,386,734 victims
    5. 5. History 1978 – Vietnamese invasion drives out KhmerRouge regimes 10 years of Vietnamese occupation 13 years of Civil War 1991 – Peace Accords mandate democratic electionsand ceasefire on 13 years of civil unrest 1993 – UN-sponsored elections form a coalitiongovernment 1997 – Fractional fighting ends 1st coalition government 1998 – Round two of elections, 2nd coalition governmentimplemented 1999 – Remaining elements of Khmer Rougesurrendered 2004 - King Norodom Sihanouk abdicated the throne tohis son, Prince NorodomSihamoni
    6. 6. Economy Currency: Riel Remains one of the poorest countries in Asia Approximately 4 million people live on less than $1.25 per day 37% of children under 5 suffer from chronic malnutrition 31% below poverty line More than 50% of the government budget comes from donorassistance (World Bank, IMF) Main Industries: Agriculture Employs 57.6% of population Tourism Garments Accounts for more than 75% of Cambodia’s total exports(World Fact Book, 2012)
    7. 7. Agriculture
    8. 8. Food
    9. 9. Education Result of Khmer Rouge(1975-1979) Post-Vietnam occupation Problems and challenges Illiteracy
    10. 10. Health Related Statistics Birth Rate: 25.17 births/1,000 population Death Rate: 7.97 deaths/1,000 population Life Expectancy at Birth: 63.04 years(World Fact Book, 2012)
    11. 11. Health Challenges Maternal & Child Healthcare Infant Mortality Rate: 120 deaths/1,000 live births Maternal Mortality Rate: 250 deaths/100,000 live births Mortality Rate for Children 1-5: 200 deaths/1,000 births Most important health problems:malaria, tuberculosis, diarrheal diseases, HIV/AIDS Mainly curative medicine Sanitation Issues Lack of funding Health Expenditures: 5.8% of GDP
    12. 12. Availability of Resources Limited Hospitals (9 in total, all locatedclose to the capital) Physician Density: 0.227physicians/1,000 population Hospital Bed Density: 0.1beds/1,000 population Lack of medical supplies &equipment Water supply
    13. 13. Health Care Delivery System Private Sector Public-Private Doctors Pharmacists and DrugSellers 70% of people seek it in thefirst instance Public Sector Health Centers: 18.5% inrural areas Referral Hospitals: 12% inurban areas Oriented towards treatingacute illness and disease Referrals and linkages throughthe provider network First point of entry into thehealth system is the healthcenter Refers to district hospitals andthen provincial hospitals asneeded Ministry of Health (MOH) Improve and extend primaryhealth services throughoperational districts system Allocate financial and humanresources Health Sector Strategic Plan
    14. 14. Resources Health Care Delivery Profile, Cambodia, 2012 Oxford Jounals, Health Policy and Planning, Cambodia Ministry of Health, Cambodia Health Information System Analysis Cultural Survival, Health Care in Cambodia NGO Education Profile, Cambodia CIA, World Fact Book Cambodia, 2012 Education Facts and Figures, Cambodia