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MIT Forum:: Connected Cities, Data & Citizens

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ANTHROPOCENE era... Cities-as-a-Platform::better choices?
policy-bottleneck! ... OPEN.data & MyData...community trust?
lessons-learned ... "the PEARL"::story-by-story incubation

Published in: Economy & Finance
  • presented at MIT Forum ..referencing Global Cities Team Challenge https://www.mitefnorthwest.org/event/connecting-cities-data-and-citizens
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MIT Forum:: Connected Cities, Data & Citizens

  1. 1. Connecting Cities, Data & Citizens 1. ANTHROPOCENE::behavior? -> CITIES-as-a-platform 2. OPEN::commons? -> Global Cities Team Challenge::City SDK 3. MyDATA::trust? -> “ZIP code more important than GENETIC code” 4. The PEARL? -> The Tale of Two Cities (Masdar, Hong Kong) PROBLEM: SOLUTION? - story-by-story::TURING-test? -> “collective intelligence”::better choices!
  2. 2. Connecting CITIES, Data & Citizens … “Whats different”? 40x ! 2
  3. 3. Connecting CITIES, Data & Citizens … “What can go wrong”? Net Zero … occupancy? 3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. UAE::Masdar …reconfiguring block by block -> Estidama::Fareej GIFT, Bangalore International Airport, Silicon Valley - CA, International Financial Services Centre – Dublin A geographic area with a specific industry or technology focus enabled by economic incentives to attract foreign enterprises, increase trade, or serve a local/regional economic or administrative significance. (Aerotropoli, SEZ, Technology Parks, Centers of Commerce or Education) Specialized City/Hub5 Road user charging system (Copenhagen), Automated Driverless Metro (Sao Paolo), City-wide Electricity Grid (Moscow) A single system within an urban area that captures and manages data to enable increased efficiency and real- time decision making (transportation, communications, energy, security, water/waste systems, etc.) Urban Infrastructure (Single smart system) 4 Ave Maria University (Naples, FL), CityStars Cairo (Cisco), University of Southern California - Enterprise Buildings Integrator (EBI) system (Honeywell) A localized geographic area designed to serve a specific purpose to a larger community (retail, business, residential, entertainment, education). These areas consist of complex integrated services, governance and management systems. Neighborhood/ Complex/Campus/ Resort 3 Shanghai St. Regis (IBM), The Verve (Toronto), Bank of America Tower (New York) Intelligent buildings successfully merge building management and IT systems, they converge data, voice, and video with security, HVAC, lighting, and other electronic controls on a single network platform; A building is “green” if it meets certain environmental and conservation measures Intelligent/Green Buildings2 Disneyland Innoventions Dream Home (Microsoft, HP, Life| ware, Taylor Morrison), Solaire (New York), Duke Smart Home Program A home equipped to remotely monitor, control or program a variety of home systems of varying complexity (appliances, entertainment, lighting, environmental control, security, communications, etc.). Home Automation/ Smart Home 1 EX AMPLESDEFIN ITIONSEGMEN T GIFT, Bangalore International Airport, Silicon Valley - CA, International Financial Services Centre – Dublin A geographic area with a specific industry or technology focus enabled by economic incentives to attract foreign enterprises, increase trade, or serve a local/regional economic or administrative significance. (Aerotropoli, SEZ, Technology Parks, Centers of Commerce or Education) Specialized City/Hub5 Road user charging system (Copenhagen), Automated Driverless Metro (Sao Paolo), City-wide Electricity Grid (Moscow) A single system within an urban area that captures and manages data to enable increased efficiency and real- time decision making (transportation, communications, energy, security, water/waste systems, etc.) Urban Infrastructure (Single smart system) 4 Ave Maria University (Naples, FL), CityStars Cairo (Cisco), University of Southern California - Enterprise Buildings Integrator (EBI) system (Honeywell) A localized geographic area designed to serve a specific purpose to a larger community (retail, business, residential, entertainment, education). These areas consist of complex integrated services, governance and management systems. Neighborhood/ Complex/Campus/ Resort 3 Shanghai St. Regis (IBM), The Verve (Toronto), Bank of America Tower (New York) Intelligent buildings successfully merge building management and IT systems, they converge data, voice, and video with security, HVAC, lighting, and other electronic controls on a single network platform; A building is “green” if it meets certain environmental and conservation measures Intelligent/Green Buildings2 Disneyland Innoventions Dream Home (Microsoft, HP, Life| ware, Taylor Morrison), Solaire (New York), Duke Smart Home Program A home equipped to remotely monitor, control or program a variety of home systems of varying complexity (appliances, entertainment, lighting, environmental control, security, communications, etc.). Home Automation/ Smart Home 1 EX AMPLESDEFIN ITIONSEGMEN T Pan European Oil Pipeline, Global Digital Cities Network, Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T) A system of roads, water supply, power grids, or telecommunications that spans two or more countries to facilitate the trade of goods or services between countries or regions. International/Global Infrastructure 10 Denmark’s Rejsekort system, China’s national rail system, Portugal’s Via Verde Toll System, India’s Golden Quadrilateral Within a country, the system of roads, water supply, power grids, telecommunications, etc. that facilitates the production of goods, services and overall economic growth. National infrastructure may also include associated information systems and social services such as education, public safety and medical care. National Infrastructure9 Boston-New York-Washington, London-Leeds-Manchester-Liverpool- Birmingham, Greater Tokyo, Hong Kong-Shenzhen-Guangdong An integrated set of cities and their surrounding suburban areas, competing on a global scale, linked together via social, economic and transportation systems. M ega-Urban Region8 New York City, Mexico City, Tokyo, Seoul, Mumbai, Cairo Usually defined as a metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million. Megacities are characterized by rapid growth, new forms of spatial density of population, formal and informal economics, as well as poverty, crime, and high levels of social fragmentation. A megacity can be a single metropolitan area or two or more metropolitan areas that converge upon one another. M egacity (M ultiple smart systems) 7 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, London Commuter Belt, Lisbon Metropolitan Area An extended urban area that also includes peripheral areas (suburbs) with close economic and social ties to the urban area. Populations and commerce easily flow within this area are linked though complex transport and communications systems. These areas can vary in population and geographic area. City/M etropolitan Area (M ultiple smart systems) 6 Pan European Oil Pipeline, Global Digital Cities Network, Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T) A system of roads, water supply, power grids, or telecommunications that spans two or more countries to facilitate the trade of goods or services between countries or regions. International/Global Infrastructure 10 Denmark’s Rejsekort system, China’s national rail system, Portugal’s Via Verde Toll System, India’s Golden Quadrilateral Within a country, the system of roads, water supply, power grids, telecommunications, etc. that facilitates the production of goods, services and overall economic growth. National infrastructure may also include associated information systems and social services such as education, public safety and medical care. National Infrastructure9 Boston-New York-Washington, London-Leeds-Manchester-Liverpool- Birmingham, Greater Tokyo, Hong Kong-Shenzhen-Guangdong An integrated set of cities and their surrounding suburban areas, competing on a global scale, linked together via social, economic and transportation systems. M ega-Urban Region8 New York City, Mexico City, Tokyo, Seoul, Mumbai, Cairo Usually defined as a metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million. Megacities are characterized by rapid growth, new forms of spatial density of population, formal and informal economics, as well as poverty, crime, and high levels of social fragmentation. A megacity can be a single metropolitan area or two or more metropolitan areas that converge upon one another. M egacity (M ultiple smart systems) 7 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, London Commuter Belt, Lisbon Metropolitan Area An extended urban area that also includes peripheral areas (suburbs) with close economic and social ties to the urban area. Populations and commerce easily flow within this area are linked though complex transport and communications systems. These areas can vary in population and geographic area. City/M etropolitan Area (M ultiple smart systems) 6 A software framework, in computer programming, is an abstraction in which common code providing generic functionality can be selectively overridden or specialized by user code providing specific functionality. Frameworks are a special case of software libraries in that they are reusable abstractions of code wrapped in a well-defined API, yet they contain some key distinguishing features that separate them from normal libraries. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_framework 5
  6. 6. Building Blocks – Platform mgmt Applying lessons learned to city development It will SCALE! Governing the COMMONS 6
  7. 7. IBM “Smart Cities” – Portland: local-global tipping? 3 utilities 3 design innovations Public Safety, Unified Comm Smart Grid Intelligent Transit Auto/Heavy Energy/Buildings Aero/Comm GOVT funds DOT DOE DHS 1 2 3 1 2 3 IBM/CH2M – Smart alliance Hybrid-powertrain + Fleet-mgmt Gen-kits + Building-mgmt Unified-Comm + Security-mgmt POLICY INNOVATION – PDX Commons, CEO4Cities SCALABLE SERVICES – Transit, SmartGrid, Safety MASDAR – Green City.Mgmt Integration Framework (local) (global) 7
  8. 8. Whole systems: configuration mgmt with CH2M Hill … OPEN-COMMONS? BidOr Negotiate, &Award Design Team (Engrs./Archs.) Construction Team (Cms./Gcs./Scs) Owner Team (May Include Users/Operators) Operations Team (Users/Operators) Preliminary Planning& Funding Project Definition Package Conceptual/ Schematic Design Design Development Contract Documents Endof ServiceLife Decision Assessment &Objectives Setting Operation/ Maintenance/ Management Construction Planning Execution Start–Up Procurement Problems Needs Opportunities Decommission Deconstruct Rehabilitate Retrofit Recover Restore Replace Remediate Primary Lead Active Participation Primary Lead Primary Lead Possible Active Participation Primary Lead Possible Active Participation Possible Active Participation Design/Build or Integrated E/P/C Planning Phase Design Phase Construction Phase Operation Phase Vendors/Suppliers Team Possible Active Participation Commissioning External Parties Possible Active Participation Whole System Design? – Building Info Mgmt(BIM)! Smarter City framework? …Open standards! 1. configurable Bill-of-Material 2. requirements based models 3. compliance, certification testing 8
  9. 9. Humanizing the Internet of Things HK::SCC – Smart Cities Consortium GENIVI SDK SMART TRANSIT 9
  10. 10. Bike-share 10
  11. 11. Connecting CITIES, Data & Citizens … “Whats different”? Mixed Use Life-style choices! - 7 x 24 Community-led: > 51%::Women 11
  12. 12. 3/17/2017 Smart Mobility enabling Smart Living METRO-plan OLMSTED-park 12
  13. 13. FOOD Economy 4.0 FOOD Economy 4.0 13
  14. 14. Humanizing the Internet of Things 波特兰珍珠区…中国报道 The Portland Pearl …China report …better choices:: block-by-block 14
  15. 15. Holey Moley – BUSINESS PLAN 15
  16. 16. 16 16 Emergency backup:: wireless “node”?
  17. 17. 17 17
  18. 18. ANTHROPOCENE::behavior … scale-FREE networks Rome Nanjing Baghdad Beijing Istanbul London New York Tokyo Cars? “…the social dynamics enabled by medieval cities were fundamentally similar to those of contemporary cities.” http://www.santafe.edu/news/item/new-study-explores-medieval-cities-population-area-relationship/ 18
  19. 19. Connecting CITIES, Data & Citizens … “Why incubate”? ..."the marvel of the living city is that it makes ordinary people extraordinary by placing them in a network…" 19 PEOPLE power-laws
  20. 20. Stan Curtis Leading Smart Cities “protocols” 主导智能城市的协议 Smarter Planet: city-by-city ( 智慧星球) – wrote IBM business case for “Smarter” CITIES starting with UAE Masdar and CH2M partnership. Congress of New Urbanism (智能城市标准协会)– developed “Better Commons” applying IBM platform based development approach and analysis of “the Last mile problem”. Research Roadmap for Smart Cities Vision (智慧城市 愿景的研究路线图) – advisor to core team developing “smart” cities vision and research programs for EU. Eco Districts 1.0 (生态区1.0 标准) – advisor to core team developing standard “protocols” for community development. Adopted by GSA, incubated with Japan Smart Cities. 20

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