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Invigorating Infrastructure
Sunnyvale 2100
Adam Baljevich • Katie Zheng • Jack Hogan
Planning Strong, Healthy, and Energet...
Table of Contents
Dealing with Capacity
Challenges/Strategy
Sunnyvale Today
Site Intervention Introduction
Theme and Physi...
Challenge #1: Water Too Much
Current1m Sea Level Rise3m Sea Level Rise
San
Francisco
OAK
Airport
Silicon
ValleySFO
Airport
Challenge #1: Water Not Enough
Over two-thirds of the Bay Area’s water
supply comes from Sierra Nevada snow pack
Climate C...
Challenge #2: People
Challenge #2: People
EPA Annual Standard = 12 µg/m3
(Exceeded by Sunnyvale 15-20 times per year)
Transportation
Pollution
...
● Rotterdam Tidal Barrier
Unprecedented Challenges
Unprecedented InterventionsFLOODS
● Rotterdam Tidal Barrier
● Manhattan ‘Big U’
Unprecedented Challenges
Unprecedented InterventionsFLOODS
SLR
● Rotterdam Tidal Barrier
● Manhattan ‘Big U’
● North Sea Wind
Unprecedented Challenges
Unprecedented InterventionsFLOODS
...
● Rotterdam Tidal Barrier
● Manhattan ‘Big U’
● North Sea Wind
● Japan HSR
Unprecedented Challenges
Unprecedented Interven...
● Rotterdam Tidal Barrier
● Manhattan ‘Big U’
● North Sea Wind
● Japan HSR
● Sunnyvale 2100
Unprecedented Challenges
Unpre...
East Berm
Ferry Station
West Berm
Sunnyvale
Promenade
WaterTower Plaza
Green Parking &
Detention
Canal System
Green Space
Municipal
Industrial
Waterways
Commercial
Residential
Existing Land UseSunnyvale Today
Green Space
Municipal
Industrial
Waterways
Commercial
Residential
Existing Land UseSunnyvale Today
Green Space
Municipal
Industrial
Waterways
Commercial
Residential
Existing Land UseSunnyvale Today
Study Area
1 mile
1mile
Study Area
1 mile
1mile
Study Area
1 mile
1mile
Intervention Site
1 mile
1mile
Intervention
Site
600 ft
2400ft
Challenges → Opportunities (Risks)
Risk Issue Current Problems
SLR Climate Change
3 ft SLR risk amounts to a $50B risk in ...
Overlying Goal
Invigorating
Infrastructure
In•vig•or•ate (verb)
To make one feel strong,
healthy, and full of energy
In•fr...
Key Themes
1. Strength (Structurally Resilient)
2. Health (Ecological & Sustainable)
3. Vitality (Cultural & Social)
Invig...
Core Values
1. Integrated across all solutions
2. Versatility to adapt
3. Scalable beyond the Bay Area
Invigorating
Infras...
Water Plan
Flood Management • Recycled Water • Ecosystem Enhancement
EXISTING PLAN PROPOSED
Additional Benefits
Riparian Corridor Enhancement
Groundwater Recharge
Natural Filtration
Recreation & Public Access
Coord...
GOALS
Double the existing purple pipe network
744 ac-ft for Landscape (current)
486 ac-ft for Industrial (current)
1500 ac...
Mimicking Natural Sinuosity
Upstream and Downstream
Habitat Connectivity
Sediment & Freshwater Flows for
Mudflat Restorati...
People Plan
Energy & Transportation
Biofuel/Biogas Production
Sunnyvale wastewater plant serves 148,000 people
14,800,000 gallons/day (100 gallons per day per...
PV Solar
Take a two-pronged strategy to implement utility and commercial rooftop solar PV.
Utility Production:
Lower: 1.25...
PV Solar
Take a two-pronged strategy to implement utility and commercial rooftop solar PV.
Commercial Production:
Policy i...
PV Solar
Assuming 18 kWh/sqft/year
(commercial space), Study
Area PV production
conservative estimates will
provide enough...
Energy Efficiency
Policy-based to promote energy
efficiency in buildings, requiring
LEED Gold certification for each
build...
Transportation
Public Transportation
Driving/Parking
Walking & Biking
Connections
Transportation
Public Transportation:
Ferry
- SF Connection
Canal
- River Ferries
Buses
- Extended Routes
Transportation
Driving/Parking
Driving accessible through main
streets, including access to 237
via Java Dr.
Pull-off/temp...
Transportation
Walking & Biking
Public car-free zones to
encourage pedestrian
region.
1.8 million sqft of walkable,
bikeab...
Transportation
Connections
Bringing employees
from major tech
companies in
surrounding areas.
Bringing residents
from sout...
A Day in the Life
Weekday AM Hours
Weekday AM Hours
8:30am - Ferry Arrives
Weekday AM Hours
8:30am - Ferry Arrives
8:35am - Bike to Work
Weekday AM Hours
8:30am - Ferry Arrives
8:35am - Bike to Work
8:45am - Grab Coffee along the Promenade
Weekday AM Hours
8:30am - Ferry Arrives
8:35am - Bike to Work
9:00am - Arrive at Work
8:45am - Grab Coffee along the Prome...
Weekday AM Hours
8:30am - Ferry Arrives
8:35am - Bike to Work
9:00am - Arrive at Work
11:45am - Lunch @ the Water Tower
8:...
Weekday PM Hours
5:15pm - Wrap up work
Weekday PM Hours
5:15pm - Wrap up work
5:30pm - Happy Hour @ the Berm
6:00pm - Ferry Departs
Weekday PM Hours
5:15pm - Wrap up work
5:30pm - Happy Hour @ the Berm
6:00pm - Ferry Departs
6:00pm - Ferry Departs
Weekday PM Hours
5:15pm - Wrap up work
5:30pm - Happy Hour @ the Berm
6:00pm - Ferry Departs
6:00pm - Ferry Departs
6:30pm...
Weekends
Saturday - Sunday
Soccer Games
Option 1: Bike or Walk “The Loop”
Weekends
Saturday - Sunday
Option 1: Bike or Walk “The Loop”
Option 2: Explore the East Berm
Weekends
Saturday - Sunday
Option 1: Bike or Walk “The Loop”
Option 2: Explore the East Berm
Option 3: Canal Boat Ride or ...
Cultural Events
Sunday Farmer’s Market
Monthly Art Walk
Local Musicians
Shop Local Promotions
Ferry Building
The Berm
Bike Share
Retail Water Tower
Challenges → Opportunities (Goals)
Risk Issue Sunnyvale 2100 Goals
SLR Climate Change Protect Sunnyvale from SLR up to 10f...
1. Integrated across all solutions
2. Versatility to adapt
3. Scalable beyond the Bay Area
Invigorating
Infrastructure
1. ...
East Berm
Ferry Station
West Berm
Sunnyvale
Promenade
WaterTower Plaza
Green Parking &
Detention
Canal System
THANK YOU
Invigorating Infrastructure: Sunnyvale 2100
Invigorating Infrastructure: Sunnyvale 2100
Invigorating Infrastructure: Sunnyvale 2100
Invigorating Infrastructure: Sunnyvale 2100
Invigorating Infrastructure: Sunnyvale 2100
Invigorating Infrastructure: Sunnyvale 2100
Invigorating Infrastructure: Sunnyvale 2100
Invigorating Infrastructure: Sunnyvale 2100
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Invigorating Infrastructure: Sunnyvale 2100

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CEE 235, Winter 2017, Sustainable Urban Systems, Stanford
Students: Adam Baljevich, Katie Zheng, Jack Hogan

Published in: Engineering
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Invigorating Infrastructure: Sunnyvale 2100

  1. 1. Invigorating Infrastructure Sunnyvale 2100 Adam Baljevich • Katie Zheng • Jack Hogan Planning Strong, Healthy, and Energetic Urban Spaces for the 21st Century
  2. 2. Table of Contents Dealing with Capacity Challenges/Strategy Sunnyvale Today Site Intervention Introduction Theme and Physical Model Interventions (Water/People) A Day in the Life
  3. 3. Challenge #1: Water Too Much Current1m Sea Level Rise3m Sea Level Rise San Francisco OAK Airport Silicon ValleySFO Airport
  4. 4. Challenge #1: Water Not Enough Over two-thirds of the Bay Area’s water supply comes from Sierra Nevada snow pack Climate Change leads to more extreme rain and snowfall events, droughts, sea level rise
  5. 5. Challenge #2: People
  6. 6. Challenge #2: People EPA Annual Standard = 12 µg/m3 (Exceeded by Sunnyvale 15-20 times per year) Transportation Pollution Energy & Climate Change
  7. 7. ● Rotterdam Tidal Barrier Unprecedented Challenges Unprecedented InterventionsFLOODS
  8. 8. ● Rotterdam Tidal Barrier ● Manhattan ‘Big U’ Unprecedented Challenges Unprecedented InterventionsFLOODS SLR
  9. 9. ● Rotterdam Tidal Barrier ● Manhattan ‘Big U’ ● North Sea Wind Unprecedented Challenges Unprecedented InterventionsFLOODS SLR ENERGY
  10. 10. ● Rotterdam Tidal Barrier ● Manhattan ‘Big U’ ● North Sea Wind ● Japan HSR Unprecedented Challenges Unprecedented InterventionsFLOODS SLR ENERGY TRANSPORT
  11. 11. ● Rotterdam Tidal Barrier ● Manhattan ‘Big U’ ● North Sea Wind ● Japan HSR ● Sunnyvale 2100 Unprecedented Challenges Unprecedented Interventions
  12. 12. East Berm Ferry Station West Berm Sunnyvale Promenade WaterTower Plaza Green Parking & Detention Canal System
  13. 13. Green Space Municipal Industrial Waterways Commercial Residential Existing Land UseSunnyvale Today
  14. 14. Green Space Municipal Industrial Waterways Commercial Residential Existing Land UseSunnyvale Today
  15. 15. Green Space Municipal Industrial Waterways Commercial Residential Existing Land UseSunnyvale Today
  16. 16. Study Area 1 mile 1mile Study Area 1 mile 1mile
  17. 17. Study Area 1 mile 1mile Intervention Site 1 mile 1mile Intervention Site 600 ft 2400ft
  18. 18. Challenges → Opportunities (Risks) Risk Issue Current Problems SLR Climate Change 3 ft SLR risk amounts to a $50B risk in Bay Area (270,000 people) and 31 major businesses in SV. Flooding Imperviousness Due to channelization and low amount of green (tree) coverage ~80% impervious Transportation Modes of Transport Results in loss of resources (time, fuel, money) due to extreme congestion Air/Noise Pollution Lack of Green Space Pollution from 237 and from southward winds from north bay and lack of green space for filtration. Extreme Heat Climate Change Estimated 3-6 °F increase by 2100 (400% increase in Extreme Heat Days) Energy Renewables 100% renewables by 2050 in CA result in new production of renewable energy Public Appeal Culture & Recreation Lack of cultural aspects in South Bay results in increased population commuting from SF.
  19. 19. Overlying Goal Invigorating Infrastructure In•vig•or•ate (verb) To make one feel strong, healthy, and full of energy In•fra•struc•ture (noun) That which allows us as humans to make full use of our potential
  20. 20. Key Themes 1. Strength (Structurally Resilient) 2. Health (Ecological & Sustainable) 3. Vitality (Cultural & Social) Invigorating Infrastructure
  21. 21. Core Values 1. Integrated across all solutions 2. Versatility to adapt 3. Scalable beyond the Bay Area Invigorating Infrastructure 1. Strength (Structurally Resilient) 2. Health (Ecological & Sustainable) 3. Vitality (Cultural & Social)
  22. 22. Water Plan Flood Management • Recycled Water • Ecosystem Enhancement
  23. 23. EXISTING PLAN PROPOSED
  24. 24. Additional Benefits Riparian Corridor Enhancement Groundwater Recharge Natural Filtration Recreation & Public Access Coordination with Salt Pond Restoration
  25. 25. GOALS Double the existing purple pipe network 744 ac-ft for Landscape (current) 486 ac-ft for Industrial (current) 1500 ac-ft for Landscape (future) 1000 ac-ft for Industrial (future) Support Riparian Corridor Restoration 0 ac-ft for Environmental Use (current) 1500 ac-ft for Canal Circulation (future) Enhance Drought Resilience Increase Conservation of Potable Sources INTERVENTIONS 50,000 additional linear feet of purple pipe Potable reuse demonstration project Adaptive management of canal system Monitor riparian corridor enhancement
  26. 26. Mimicking Natural Sinuosity Upstream and Downstream Habitat Connectivity Sediment & Freshwater Flows for Mudflat Restoration Additional Habitat for Migratory Birds Riparian Corridor Creation 1800 2000 Marshland
  27. 27. People Plan Energy & Transportation
  28. 28. Biofuel/Biogas Production Sunnyvale wastewater plant serves 148,000 people 14,800,000 gallons/day (100 gallons per day per person) 13,000 gallons of biofuel/day → Enough for 2000 people/day
  29. 29. PV Solar Take a two-pronged strategy to implement utility and commercial rooftop solar PV. Utility Production: Lower: 1.25 million sqft available (116,000 sqm) → 50 GWh/year → $6 million/year Upper: 1.3 million sqft available (121,000 sqm) → 52 GWh/year → $6.2 million/year Total (feasibly): 40 GWh/year → $5 million/year
  30. 30. PV Solar Take a two-pronged strategy to implement utility and commercial rooftop solar PV. Commercial Production: Policy implementation to require rooftop solar or green roof on each commercial structure in Study Area. NW: 200,000 sqft available (18,600 sqm) → 6 GWh/year → $700,000/year SE: 250,000 sqft available (23,000 sqm) → 7.3 GWh/year → $900,000/year Total (feasibly): 5 GWh/year → $600,000/year
  31. 31. PV Solar Assuming 18 kWh/sqft/year (commercial space), Study Area PV production conservative estimates will provide enough power for the entire Intervention Site (1.25 million sqft) two times over!
  32. 32. Energy Efficiency Policy-based to promote energy efficiency in buildings, requiring LEED Gold certification for each building. LEED Gold energy savings average around 25%, which translates to a total of 8.1 million kWh to 6 million kWh, 2.1 million kWh/year or $250,000 annually.
  33. 33. Transportation Public Transportation Driving/Parking Walking & Biking Connections
  34. 34. Transportation Public Transportation: Ferry - SF Connection Canal - River Ferries Buses - Extended Routes
  35. 35. Transportation Driving/Parking Driving accessible through main streets, including access to 237 via Java Dr. Pull-off/temp parking roundabouts ideal for quick pick-up/drop-off (Uber/Lyft) Parking provide multipurpose infrastructure as underground parking, green space, and flood detention Each green parking lot is accessible with underground ramps from each roundabout. Underground Parking Underground Parking Underground Parking Underground Parking Underground Parking Original: 150 acres (30% of total area) of surface parking Modified: 40 acres (27% of total area) & 10 acres (7% of total area) of surface parking 237
  36. 36. Transportation Walking & Biking Public car-free zones to encourage pedestrian region. 1.8 million sqft of walkable, bikeable pathways. Extensive bike share system for easy connection from car/public trans to bike.
  37. 37. Transportation Connections Bringing employees from major tech companies in surrounding areas. Bringing residents from south of 237 (Go Team Red!) and east of the East Channel.
  38. 38. A Day in the Life
  39. 39. Weekday AM Hours
  40. 40. Weekday AM Hours 8:30am - Ferry Arrives
  41. 41. Weekday AM Hours 8:30am - Ferry Arrives 8:35am - Bike to Work
  42. 42. Weekday AM Hours 8:30am - Ferry Arrives 8:35am - Bike to Work 8:45am - Grab Coffee along the Promenade
  43. 43. Weekday AM Hours 8:30am - Ferry Arrives 8:35am - Bike to Work 9:00am - Arrive at Work 8:45am - Grab Coffee along the Promenade
  44. 44. Weekday AM Hours 8:30am - Ferry Arrives 8:35am - Bike to Work 9:00am - Arrive at Work 11:45am - Lunch @ the Water Tower 8:45am - Grab Coffee along the Promenade
  45. 45. Weekday PM Hours 5:15pm - Wrap up work
  46. 46. Weekday PM Hours 5:15pm - Wrap up work 5:30pm - Happy Hour @ the Berm 6:00pm - Ferry Departs
  47. 47. Weekday PM Hours 5:15pm - Wrap up work 5:30pm - Happy Hour @ the Berm 6:00pm - Ferry Departs 6:00pm - Ferry Departs
  48. 48. Weekday PM Hours 5:15pm - Wrap up work 5:30pm - Happy Hour @ the Berm 6:00pm - Ferry Departs 6:00pm - Ferry Departs 6:30pm - (Locals) Dinner on the Canal
  49. 49. Weekends Saturday - Sunday Soccer Games Option 1: Bike or Walk “The Loop”
  50. 50. Weekends Saturday - Sunday Option 1: Bike or Walk “The Loop” Option 2: Explore the East Berm
  51. 51. Weekends Saturday - Sunday Option 1: Bike or Walk “The Loop” Option 2: Explore the East Berm Option 3: Canal Boat Ride or Kayak
  52. 52. Cultural Events Sunday Farmer’s Market Monthly Art Walk Local Musicians Shop Local Promotions
  53. 53. Ferry Building The Berm Bike Share Retail Water Tower
  54. 54. Challenges → Opportunities (Goals) Risk Issue Sunnyvale 2100 Goals SLR Climate Change Protect Sunnyvale from SLR up to 10ft Flooding Imperviousness Increase pervious surfaces from 18% to 40% Transportation Modes of Transport Expand public transit ridership by 5,000 ppl/day by 2030 and 15,000 ppl/day by 2050 Air/Noise Pollution Lack of Green Space Implement tree planting program for additional 5,000 trees Extreme Heat Climate Change Reduce urban heat island effect with additional 250 acres of green space Energy Storage Renewables Provide sustainable energy production for Intervention Site Public Appeal Culture & Recreation Develop attractive retail corridor and create urban landmark
  55. 55. 1. Integrated across all solutions 2. Versatility to adapt 3. Scalable beyond the Bay Area Invigorating Infrastructure 1. Strength (Structurally Resilient) 2. Health (Ecological & Sustainable) 3. Vitality (Cultural & Social)
  56. 56. East Berm Ferry Station West Berm Sunnyvale Promenade WaterTower Plaza Green Parking & Detention Canal System THANK YOU

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