Lesson 1: Life After Reconstruction New Challenges: Laws were passed that made it difficult for African Americans to vote. Laws were passed that favored white landowners. On the Move Railroad transportation systems grew and goods were shipped from Charleston to New York City. The invention of the automobile allowed people and goods to move across the state more quickly. Many African Americans OUTMIGRATED to the North to find factory jobs.
Lesson 1: Life After Reconstruction Changes in Industry: By 1910 South Carolina was the leading textile- producing state. Mill towns were built to attract workers. Mill conditions: Dirty and unhealthy; worked 12 hours a day Some mill towns had no running water or sewers Mill towns had schools but most children worked Children as young as eight would work in mills until 1903 when a bill was passed saying that no child under the age of 10 could work in a mill. http://www.snolabor.org/pages/textile.htm
Lesson 2: Daily Life 1868 Constitution stated there would be free schools so many new schools opened, but schools were still separated by race, this is called SEGREGATION. http://remembersegregation.org/ South Carolinians worked to preserve the state’s cultural treasures and traditions by: Preserving historic buildings, documents, paintings, and spirituals Supporting the work of writers, artists, and architects Constructed buildings for opera, dance, and theater
Using a Locator Map A LOCATOR MAP is an inset map, or a small map that shows how a place fits into another place. Look for TWO things: The big picture The place on the locator map the has a box, circle, or some kind of shading that sets the area apart
Lesson 3: New Challenges The government passed laws that allowed landowners to borrow money so they could plant crops. Laws made it hard for African American men to vote even though they had SUFFRAGE, the right to vote. Grandfather clause and reading tests Jim Crow Laws segregated black and white people. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/segregation.html DISCRIMINATION is the act of treating one group of people differently than another group. Farming organizations were created to help struggling farmers.
Lesson 1: A New Century The Progressive Movement: Wanted to REFORM, or make better, local communities Improved schools, built libraries and hospitals, supported community improvements SUFFRAGISTS, those who work to gain the right to vote, fought to win voting rights for American women A child labor law was passed that stated children under the age of 14 were not allowed to work in factories, mills, and mines.
Lesson 1: A New Century World War I: Began in 1914 President Woodrow Wilson wanted the U.S. to remain NEUTRAL, or to not take sides in a war, but once U.S. ships were attacked the U.S. declared war on Germany Allies: Great Britain, France, and Russia fought against Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey Army training camps were built in the Midlands and Up Country 54,000 South Carolinians served in the war The government RATIONED, or limited, the amount of food and fuel each family received. Demand grew for cotton and textiles
Lesson 1: A New Century After World War I: Cotton prices fell; too much was produced Drought struck Boll Weevils destroyed cotton crops The Great Migration: Large groups of African Americans left South Carolina to find jobs in the North because of discrimination and lack of work
Lesson 2: Boom Times, Hard Times Roaring Twenties: Economy was booming: People were buying automobiles, radios, refrigerators, and telephones Flappers; Charleston - dance Struggling Farmers: Cotton crops were destroyed by the boll weevil and droughts Money borrowed could not be paid back
Lesson 2: Boom Times, Hard Times The Great Depression: DEPRESSION means a slow down in business activity that puts many people out of work Began in 1929; almost one half of U.S. banks failed Many people lost their jobs and savings President Franklin Delano Roosevelt created programs known as the New Deal: Civilian Conservation Corp (CCC) built roads and state parks, planted trees, and helped to prevent fires Brought electricity to many regions and improvements to farming
Lesson 2: Boom Times, Hard Times World War II: Began in 1939 Axis Powers: Germany, Japan, and Italy Allied Powers: Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union U.S. tried to stay neutral until Japan attacked Pearl Harbor Provided jobs; women went to work Supplies such as sugar, red meat, shoes, tires, and gasoline were rationed Recycled metal to make weapons
Lesson 3: Civil Rights African Americans helped in the war effort and hoped to gain CIVIL RIGHTS, or rights that the U.S. Constitution promises all citizens Clarendon County parents argued that schools were separate but not equal. Brown vs. the Board of Education’s ruling Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. led many peaceful civil rights marches and demonstrations and made the whole country aware of the struggle.
Lesson 3: Civil Rights Civil Rights Act: Passed in 1964 Outlawed segregation in schools and other public places Called for equal rights for all people in the workplace Voting Rights Act: Passed in 1965 Outlawed ways to keep African Americans from voting