Created by Melissa Sutton      Third Grade       2010 – 2011
South Carolina Rebuilds                   Chapter Nine
Lesson 1: Life After          Reconstruction                 New Challenges:    Laws were passed that made it     diffi...
Lesson 1: Life After       Reconstruction              Changes in Industry:   By 1910 South Carolina was the leading te...
Lesson 2: Daily Life               1868 Constitution stated there would be free schools  so many new schools opened, but...
Using a Locator Map                    A LOCATOR MAP is            an inset map, or a small            map that shows ho...
Lesson 3:          New Challenges                The government passed laws that allowed landowners to  borrow money so ...
South Carolina in the       1900s                Chapter Ten
Lesson 1:         A New Century                The Progressive Movement:   Wanted to REFORM, or make better, local comm...
Lesson 1:        A New Century World War I:                    Began in 1914  President Woodrow Wilson wanted the U.S....
Lesson 1:          A New Century                 After World War I:     Cotton prices fell; too much was produced     ...
Lesson 2: Boom Times,     Hard Times                     Roaring Twenties:              Economy was booming:           ...
Lesson 2: Boom Times,            Hard Times                  The Great Depression:    DEPRESSION means a slow down     ...
Lesson 2: Boom Times,       Hard Times             World War II:   Began in 1939   Axis Powers: Germany, Japan, and It...
Lesson 3: Civil Rights              African Americans helped in the war effort and  hoped to gain CIVIL RIGHTS, or right...
Lesson 3: Civil Rights Civil Rights Act:                        Passed in 1964    Outlawed segregation in     schools ...
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Challenges and changes

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Social Studies Unit Five

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Challenges and changes

  1. 1. Created by Melissa Sutton Third Grade 2010 – 2011
  2. 2. South Carolina Rebuilds  Chapter Nine
  3. 3. Lesson 1: Life After Reconstruction  New Challenges:  Laws were passed that made it difficult for African Americans to vote. Laws were passed that favored white landowners. On the Move  Railroad transportation systems grew and goods were shipped from Charleston to New York City.  The invention of the automobile allowed people and goods to move across the state more quickly.  Many African Americans OUTMIGRATED to the North to find factory jobs.
  4. 4. Lesson 1: Life After Reconstruction  Changes in Industry:  By 1910 South Carolina was the leading textile- producing state.  Mill towns were built to attract workers.  Mill conditions:  Dirty and unhealthy; worked 12 hours a day  Some mill towns had no running water or sewers  Mill towns had schools but most children worked  Children as young as eight would work in mills until 1903 when a bill was passed saying that no child under the age of 10 could work in a mill.  http://www.snolabor.org/pages/textile.htm
  5. 5. Lesson 2: Daily Life  1868 Constitution stated there would be free schools so many new schools opened, but schools were still separated by race, this is called SEGREGATION.  http://remembersegregation.org/ South Carolinians worked to preserve the state’s cultural treasures and traditions by:  Preserving historic buildings, documents, paintings, and spirituals  Supporting the work of writers, artists, and architects  Constructed buildings for opera, dance, and theater
  6. 6. Using a Locator Map   A LOCATOR MAP is an inset map, or a small map that shows how a place fits into another place.  Look for TWO things:  The big picture  The place on the locator map the has a box, circle, or some kind of shading that sets the area apart
  7. 7. Lesson 3: New Challenges  The government passed laws that allowed landowners to borrow money so they could plant crops. Laws made it hard for African American men to vote even though they had SUFFRAGE, the right to vote.  Grandfather clause and reading tests Jim Crow Laws segregated black and white people.  http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/segregation.html DISCRIMINATION is the act of treating one group of people differently than another group. Farming organizations were created to help struggling farmers.
  8. 8. South Carolina in the 1900s  Chapter Ten
  9. 9. Lesson 1: A New Century  The Progressive Movement:  Wanted to REFORM, or make better, local communities  Improved schools, built libraries and hospitals, supported community improvements  SUFFRAGISTS, those who work to gain the right to vote, fought to win voting rights for American women  A child labor law was passed that stated children under the age of 14 were not allowed to work in factories, mills, and mines.
  10. 10. Lesson 1: A New Century World War I:   Began in 1914  President Woodrow Wilson wanted the U.S. to remain NEUTRAL, or to not take sides in a war, but once U.S. ships were attacked the U.S. declared war on Germany  Allies: Great Britain, France, and Russia fought against Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey  Army training camps were built in the Midlands and Up Country  54,000 South Carolinians served in the war  The government RATIONED, or limited, the amount of food and fuel each family received.  Demand grew for cotton and textiles
  11. 11. Lesson 1: A New Century  After World War I:  Cotton prices fell; too much was produced  Drought struck  Boll Weevils destroyed cotton crops  The Great Migration:  Large groups of African Americans left South Carolina to find jobs in the North because of discrimination and lack of work
  12. 12. Lesson 2: Boom Times, Hard Times   Roaring Twenties:  Economy was booming:  People were buying automobiles, radios, refrigerators, and telephones  Flappers; Charleston - dance  Struggling Farmers:  Cotton crops were destroyed by the boll weevil and droughts  Money borrowed could not be paid back
  13. 13. Lesson 2: Boom Times, Hard Times  The Great Depression:  DEPRESSION means a slow down in business activity that puts many people out of work  Began in 1929; almost one half of U.S. banks failed  Many people lost their jobs and savings  President Franklin Delano Roosevelt created programs known as the New Deal:  Civilian Conservation Corp (CCC) built roads and state parks, planted trees, and helped to prevent fires  Brought electricity to many regions and improvements to farming
  14. 14. Lesson 2: Boom Times, Hard Times  World War II:  Began in 1939  Axis Powers: Germany, Japan, and Italy  Allied Powers: Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union  U.S. tried to stay neutral until Japan attacked Pearl Harbor  Provided jobs; women went to work  Supplies such as sugar, red meat, shoes, tires, and gasoline were rationed  Recycled metal to make weapons
  15. 15. Lesson 3: Civil Rights  African Americans helped in the war effort and hoped to gain CIVIL RIGHTS, or rights that the U.S. Constitution promises all citizens Clarendon County parents argued that schools were separate but not equal.  Brown vs. the Board of Education’s ruling Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. led many peaceful civil rights marches and demonstrations and made the whole country aware of the struggle.
  16. 16. Lesson 3: Civil Rights Civil Rights Act:   Passed in 1964  Outlawed segregation in schools and other public places  Called for equal rights for all people in the workplace Voting Rights Act:  Passed in 1965  Outlawed ways to keep African Americans from voting

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