Nietzsche’s philosophical autobiography, Ecce Homo, could also be characterized as literature. It deserves a special position not only in philosophy, but in the Western literary tradition of self-narratives. It ought to be considered a unique textual self-study, of which narratological analysis serves a special lesson. It has to be analysed as the culmination of such a process, that in the course of it, following a consistently completed rhetorical, narratological and cultic strategy, Nietzsche took deliberate steps towards a narrative restructuring of his oeuvre for a „posthumous” readership. How did this restructuring process take place and what are the present results of this total recontextualization? It can be most vividly highlighted by using the instruments of contemporary narratology and literary parallels like Aristotle, Saint Augustine, Montaigne, Musil, Borges, Nabokov, Salinger and others.