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Celebrate Italian, Polish and Native American Heritage in October


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Help us as we honor and recognize the contributions and influence people of Italian, Polish and Native American descent have had on our nation and culture. Learn more about October holidays and interesting people from the three cultures we celebrate in this newsletter.

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Celebrate Italian, Polish and Native American Heritage in October

  1. 1. October Celebrations Columbus DayYes, you heard me, the holidays are just around the October 8, 2012corner…Halloween, Thanksgiving, Christmas. Columbus Day was first celebrated on October 12, 1792They are coming quick, so let’s get the ball rolling. to honor the day Christopher Columbus landed in the Bahamas in 1492. One hundred years later, it wasWorld Vegetarian Day celebrated again at the urging of President BenjaminOctober 1, 2012 Harrison. Since 1920, it has been celebrated annuallyWorld Vegetarian Day, October 1, is the annual kick-off and, in 1971, became a federal legal holiday to beof Vegetarian Awareness Month. Make a difference this celebrated on the second Monday in October. ManyOctober by informing others about the benefits of Latin American countries celebrate this day as Da de lavegetarianism. Raza (Day of the Race). This day celebrates the Spanish heritage of the Latin American peoples and includes brightly colored fiestas.United Nations DayOctober 24, 2012The worlds population has reached over 9 billion. DIVERSITY WORD SEARCHThe UN Day was established to highlight the aims andachievements of the United Nations. The day marks theanniversary of the entry into force in 1945 of the UN AMERICAN HERITAGE NATIVECharter. The annual day has occurred since 1948. COLUMBUS HISTORY OCTOBER CONTRIBUTIONS INDIAN POLISH Creating Diversity Awareness in the WorkplaceHalloweenOctober 31, 2012 CULTURE ITALIAN RECOGNITION October 2012 Newsletter FESTIVITIES LANGUAGE SIGNIFICANTHalloween is a secularholiday combining vestigesof traditional harvest festivalcelebrations with customsmore specific to the occasion such as costume wearing,trick-or-treating, pranksterism, and decorations basedon imagery of death and the supernatural. Have a safeand Happy Halloween. Don’t eat too much candy! Italian American Polish American Native American Heritage Month Heritage Month Heritage Month Every year the U.S. president signs an The concept of designating a special What started at the turn of the century executive order designating the month month in which to celebrate our as an effort to gain a day of recognition of October as National Italian heritage was begun in Pennsylvania in for the significant contributions the first American Heritage Month. Coinciding 1981 at the suggestion of Michael Americans made to the establishment with the festivities surrounding Blichasz, a Polish American activist in and growth of the U.S., has resulted in Columbus Day, the proclamation is Philadelphia. At that time, August was a whole month being designated for recognition of the many achievements, designated Polish American Heritage that purpose. In 1990 President contributions, and successes of Month and it was only celebrated in George H. W. Bush approved a joint Americans of Italian descent as well as Pennsylvania. However, in 1986, resolution designating November 1990 Italians in America. Blichasz made a proposal at a national "National American Indian Heritage PAC meeting that Heritage Month be Month." Similar proclamations, under Federico Fellini, the movie director, celebrated nation wide. His proposal variants on the name (including once said that "language is culture and was adopted, however, the month was "Native American Heritage Month" and culture is the language," and nowhere changed to October, which coincides "National American Indian and Alaska is this more true than in Italy. with the death of General Casimir Native Heritage Month") have beenThe Staff Management | SMX DPIC includes: Lupe Gonzalez, Katie Smith, Pulaski. issued each year since 1994.Roxanne Ramoutar, Avery Yancey, Dayna Corona, Jessica Lewis,Justin Schwartz, Robert Cook, Maurice Proffit and Lloyd Weathers OCTOBER 2012 NEWSLETTER DIVERSITY PROGRAM INCLUSION COUNCIL CREATING DIVERSITY AWARENESS IN THE WORKPLACE NEWSLETTER OCTOBER 2012
  2. 2. Who is Famous Polish People Fat Tuesday Before Ash Wednesday, First Day of Lent Casmir Fat Thursday might sound strange to those of you who are used Pulaski? to the literal translation of the French term Mardi Gras (Fat Tuesday), but in Poland the last Thursday before Lent begins is Non-federal holiday just as gluttonous. Fat Thursday is especially popular in Poland observed in Illinois, and Catholic part of Germany. As the date is closely connected Wisconsin, New York, with Easter and beginning of the Lent, Fat Tuesday belongs to and Michigan moveable feasts. The most popular sweets during Fat Thursday Pope John Paul II Probably the most famous Pole ever, Pope John Paul are "paczki” or "faworki.” 1. Polish War Hero II was elected pope by the Catholic Church in 1978, From 1768 to 1771, Pulaski, who was born in Poland, fought he became the first non-Italian pope in 455 years. Polish food is delicious! If you are wondering what the against Russian and Prussian forces that were wielding enormous This pope modernized the papacy and spread his influence in Poland. But he was forced to leave Poland forever after people of Poland typically eat, here is a list of some reach internationally through massive gatherings of being accused of plotting to assassinate the king of Poland. traditional Polish food. Catholics and frequent consultations with heads of state. BIGOS. Bigos is a traditional stew (Hunters The Polish Museum of America, one of the oldest and largest 2. Friend of Benjamin Franklin ethnic museums in the United States, offers visitors a range After he fled Poland, Pulaski traveled to Turkey, then ended up in Stew) and is considered to be the national of exhibits, resources and activities related to Polish history, France. There, he came to know Benjamin Franklin and began to dish of Poland. There are many different culture and heritage, as well as Polish American history. The recipes and they may vary from region to learn about the then-young American Revolutionary War. Pulaski, museum is the “crown jewel” of the Polish American region. Typically, Bigos includes sauerkraut, who had fought for Polands independence, was impressed by what community. Established 75 years ago it has preserved and Franklin described and decided to volunteer to help the American various meats and sausages, tomatoes, exhibited the history and culture of the Polish American rebels. Franklin recommended him to George Washington honey and mushrooms. community and our ancestral homeland – Poland. Its all- inclusive exhibits are both educational and entertaining. Its 3. Brilliant Military Tactician Library and extensive Archives have rendered invaluable PIEROGI. Pierogi are boiled dumplings Pulaski headed to America to help with the war effort, where he services to historians, researchers, students and took part in several battles. In the 1777 battle of Brandywine, he is stuffed with varying ingredients. After they are Roman Polanski, Director genealogists. believed to have saved George Washingtons life and uncovered a boiled, they are fried with butter and finely One of the most famous Polish directors and an sneak attack by the British. His actions at Brandywine earned him a chopped onions. They can be filled with Oscar winner. The story of Roman Polanskis life is as promotion to brigadier general. He was in charge of the first cavalry, tortuous and full of incident and tragedy as one of his potato and cheese, mushrooms, and even giving him the nickname "Father of the American Cavalry." dark films. Polanski survived the Nazi atrocities fruit. committed in the Krakow ghetto, but lost his mother in 4. Killed on the Battlefield a concentration camp gas chamber. He spent a large GOLABKI. Cabbage rolls wrapped around Pulaski once said, "I came here, where freedom is being defended, part of his life in the US and made several important minded pork or beef meat, chopped onions to serve it, and to live or die for it." Indeed, he did die for it, falling in films with top American actors, such as Chinatown and rice. They are usually baked with a spicyThe American Institute of Polish Culture, Inc., founded in battle in Savannah, Ga., in 1779. He was struck by cannon fire (with Jack Nicholson, Faye Dunaway, and John while riding on a horse. tomato sauce.1972 by Mrs. Blanka A. Rosenstiel, is a non- profit, non- Huston), and Rosemary’s Baby (with Mia Farrow). Insectarian, tax-exempt, Florida corporation. The aims of the 1969 he experienced another personal tragedy whenInstitute are twofold: first, to share with all Americans the rich 5. An Honorary American Citizen his pregnant wife, Sharon Tate, was murdered by the PACZKI. This is the Polish equivalent to aheritage of Poland, which has contributed in important ways In 2009, Pulaski became just the seventh person to posthumously Manson Family. In 1978 he fled to France where he doughnut. It is a deep-fried piece of doughto Western civilization; second, to establish a center of receive honorary American citizenship. He joins William Penn and has directed Frantic, Death and the Maiden, The Ninth shaped into a flattened sphere and filled witheducational facilities and resources for the encouragement Penns wife, fellow Revolutionary War hero Marquis de Lafayette, Gate, The Pianist, and Oliver Twist (2005). fruit preserves.and promotion of the scientific and aesthetic endeavors of Winston Churchill, Mother Teresa and Raoul Wallenberg, a SwedishAmericans of Polish descent. man who helped save Jews during the Holocaust. Jane Krakowski, Actress/Singer, Ally McBeal FAWORKI. Pastry Twist. This is a sweet, Krystyna Janda, Actress, Man of Marble crispy fried pastry straw also known as a Stefanie Powers, Actress, Conservationist "chrust" of "Angel Wing." It resembles a Michael Anthony, Musician, Van Halen twisted ribbon and like Paczki, is popular Samuel Goldwyn, Legendary Film Producer Richie Sambora, Bon Jovi guitarist during Fat Thursday. Loretta Swit, Actress, MASH Great Movies The Pianist (2002) Squint Your Eyes (2002) Director: Roman Polanski Director: Andrzej Jakimowski to Watch Stars: Adrien Brody, Thomas Stars: Zbigniew Zamachowski, With celebrating Kretschmann, Frank Finlay Ola Prószynska Awards: Won 3 Oscars Synopsis: The story of a spirited ten- Polish Heritage during including Best Writing year-old girl who has run away from the month, check out Synopsis: A Polish Jewish her proudly affluent parents in town some movies that musician struggles to survive and finds grudging refuge with the feature specific themes the destruction of the Warsaw slightly slovenly caretaker of an ghetto of World War II. abandoned farm, an ex-teacher. actors and social issuesOCTOBER 2012 NEWSLETTER DIVERSITY PROGRAM INCLUSION COUNCIL CREATING DIVERSITY AWARENESS IN THE WORKPLACE NEWSLETTER OCTOBER 2012
  3. 3. Throughout U.S. history, Italian Americans have made significant contributions. There are too many to name them all, so here are a few listed below: The National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) is The Bank of America, the largest bank in the country, was established in 1904 by Amadeo Pietro a nonprofit, nonpartisan educational foundation that ("A.P.") Giannini in San Francisco. promotes Italian American culture and heritage. NIAF serves as a resource on the Italian American community Chef Boyardee, the man behind the nations leading brand of ready-to-eat spaghetti dinners, pizza, sauce and has educational and youth programs including and pasta, was Ettore Boiardi, an Italian immigrant, who began as a chefs apprentice at age 11. scholarships, grants, heritage travel, and mentoring. The worlds largest beauty supply distributor was started in 1972 when Michael H. Renzulli took over A Culture Rich with Flavor, NIAF is also the voice for Italian Americans in Washington, DC and works closely with the Italian six stores in New Orleans. Now CEO and president of Sally Beauty Company, Renzulli has 2,150 stores in North America, Europe and Japan with $1 billion in sales. Taste and Style American Congressional Delegation and the White House. NIAF’s mission includes advancing US – Italy Tropicana was founded in 1947 by Anthony Rossi as a Florida fruit packaging company. Over 5.4 million Italians immigrated to the United States business, political, and cultural relations and has a business council that promotes networking with Mr. Coffee, the best-selling coffee maker in the world, was invented by Vince Marotta. between 1820 and 1992. There are nearly 15 million people corporate leaders. who have identified themselves as Italian American in the 1990 U.S. census, the Population Division of the U.S. Census Bureau Two Italian Americans developed the American shopping mall, William Cafaro and Edward J. To learn more about NIAF, visit: DeBartolo, Sr. began building and operating neighborhood shopping centers in the 1940s. reports. The Census Bureau estimates, however, that 1 out of 10 Americans has some Italian blood, bringing the total number Italian Americans are at the helm of the U.S. book industry. Leonard Riggio is the founder and CEO of of Americans of Italian descent to 26 million. Italian Americans Barnes & Noble, the largest book store in the nation while Borders, the second largest book store chain in are the fifth largest ethnic group in the United States, according Naming A Country the U.S., is chaired by Robert DiRomualdo. to the U.S. Census Bureau. Italian Americans either make up Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454 – February 22, 1512) 15% of the population or number more than 1 million in the was an Italian explorer, financier, navigator and Known as "The Yankee Clipper," Joseph Paul DiMaggio, the son of Sicilian immigrants in California, following states: cartographer who first demonstrated that Brazil and the had a 56-game hitting streak in 1941 which still stands as the longest in baseball history. West Indies did not represent Asias eastern outskirts as New York: 2,900,000 New Jersey: 1,500,000 initially conjectured from Columbus voyages, but instead One of baseballs greatest catchers, Yogi Berra, born Lawrence Peter Berra in Saint Louis, Missouri, Pennsylvania: 1,400,000 California: 1,500,000 constituted an entirely separate landmass hitherto played for 14 pennant-winning and 10 World Series winning clubs, a record no other player has matched. Massachusetts: 845,000 Connecticut: 650,000 unknown to Afro-Eurasians. Colloquially referred to as the New World, this second super continent came to be Legendary football coach Vince Lombardi led the Green Bay Packers to five National Football League Rhode Island: 200,000 termed "America", probably deriving its name from the (NFL) championships (between 1959 and 1967), the first and second Super Bowls (1967 and 1968), feminized Latin version of Vespuccis first name. and three world titles during the 1960s. Italian Americans are also found in significant numbers in 15 other states, including Florida (800,000); Illinois (730,000), The U.S. was named after an Italian, the explorer Rocky Marciano is the only undefeated heavyweight boxing champion in history. He retired in 1956 Ohio (640,000); Michigan (412,000); Texas (314,000) and geographer Amerigo Vespucci. with a 49-0 record that counted 43 knockouts. and Maryland (253,000). Hollywoods first sex symbol and the first "Latin Lover" of the silver screen was Rudolph Valentino. Frank Sinatra, the Oscar, Emmy and Grammy-winning legend known as "The Voice" and "The Chairman of the Board," made more than 2,000 recordings, many movies, and numerous television and cabaret performances as well as raised millions of dollars for charities during his 60-year career. Italian American cartoonists have created some of the worlds most popular animated characters including: Donald Duck, created by Alfred Tagliafero; Woody Woodpecker, a creation of Walter Lantz, (born "Lanza"); and Casper, the Friendly Ghost, the brainchild of Joseph Oriolo. The man behind Tom and Jerry, Yogi Bear, The Flintstones, The Jetsons, The Smurfs and Scooby-Doo is Joseph Barbera, director, producer, and co-founder of Hanna-Barbera Film Studios. Louis Prima, a trumpeter, composer and band leader, successfully crossed the line between jazz to swing, then to R&B, and finally to rock n roll. Four-time Academy Award and 20-time Grammy and Gold Record winner Henry Mancini is remembered for his classic "Moon River" from Breakfast at Tiffanys.Great Movies The Godfather Trilogy Director: Francis Ford Coppola Written by: Mario Puzo Among the many Italian Americans who popularized American songs here and abroad areYou Cannot Refuse Stars: Marlon Brando, Al Pacino, James Caan, Robert Duvall, Diane Keaton, Frank Sinatra; Vic Damone (Vito Farinola); Dean Martin ( Dino Crocetti); Tony BennettItalian Heritage Month would not Robert De Niro, John Cazale, Talia Shire, Andy Garcia Awards: The series won 9 Oscars, out of a total of 29 nominations. (Anthony Benedetto); Frankie Laine (Frank Lo Vecchio), Perry Como, Frankie Avalonbe complete without suggesting (Frank Avalone), Bobby Rydell (Roberto Ridarelli), Connie Francis (Concetta Franconero), Synopsis: The Godfather Trilogy is a crime drama film trilogy directed by Francis Fordto watch the these great movies. Coppola. It is based on the novel by Mario Puzo about the fictional Corleone Mafia family. Bobby Darin (Walden Cassotto), Joanie James (Joan Babbo) and Jon Bon Jovi. OCTOBER 2012 NEWSLETTER DIVERSITY PROGRAM INCLUSION COUNCIL CREATING DIVERSITY AWARENESS IN THE WORKPLACE NEWSLETTER OCTOBER 2012
  4. 4. Geronimo was a prominent leader of The great Lakota Indian warrior, Chief Chief American Horse, Wasicu Dream Catchers the Bedonkohe Apache who fought Sitting Bull, is perhaps best known in Tasunke, Sioux Nation, was a chief are one of the most fascinating traditions of against Mexico and the United States early American history as the chief who during the Lakota Wars of the 1860s Native Americans. The traditional dream catcher for their expansion into Apache tribal defeated General Custer in 1876 at the and 1870s. He was an influential was intended to protect the sleeping individual lands for several decades during the Battle of Little Bighorn. He was a figure for the education of Native from negative dreams, while letting positive Apache Wars. His Chiricahua name is Hunkpapa Lakota Sioux holy man who American Indians within the Anglo- dreams through. The positive dreams would slip often rendered as Goyathlay or led his people during years of resistance American educational system. through the hole in the center of the dream Goyahkla. to United States government policies. catcher, and glide down the feathers to the American Horse, sleeping person below. The negative dreams Geronimo, Apache Chief Sitting Bull Sioux Wasicu Tasunke would get caught up in the web, and expire when 1829-1909 Lakota Nation, 1831-1890 c. 1800-1876 the first rays of the sun struck them. The dream One of the very proponents of an American Indian Day was catcher has been a part of Native American Dr. Arthur C. Parker, a Seneca Indian, who was the director culture for generations. One element of Native of the Museum of Arts and Science in Rochester, N.Y. He Anna Prieto-Sandoval Geswanouth Slahoot American dream catcher relates to the tradition Sycuan Tribal Elder Tsleil-Waututh First Nation persuaded the Boy Scouts of America to set aside a day for of the hoop. Some Native Americans of North 1934-2010 1899-1981 the "First Americans" and for three years they adopted such America held the hoop in the highest esteem, a day. In 1915, the annual Congress of the American Indian because it symbolized strength and unity. Many Association meeting in Lawrence, Kans., formally approved a Anna Prieto Sandoval Chief Dan George (Indian symbols started around the hoop, and one of became chairwoman of the name: Geswanouth plan concerning American Indian Day. It directed its these symbols is the dream catcher. Sycuan tribe in 1972, the Slahoot) is a famous 20th president, Rev. Sherman Coolidge, an Arapahoe, to call small, tight-knit group was century Native American upon the country to observe such a day. Coolidge issued a poor and living in chief of the (Salish) Tsleil- proclamation on Sept. 28, 1915, which declared the second Native American Dances substandard housing. Waututh Nation, a coastal Saturday of each May as an American Indian Day and Dances have always been significant in the lives of Native contained the first formal appeal for recognition of Indians as Under her leadership, the indigenous First Nation Americans as both a common amusement and a solemn duty. tribe opened the Sycuan Canadian Indian tribe citizens. Many dances played a vital role in religious rituals and other Bingo Palace in 1983 and located on the Burrard ceremonies; while others were held to guarantee the success of the thriving bingo hall was Inlet, British Columbia, The year before this proclamation was issued, Red Fox hunts, harvests, giving thanks, and other celebrations. James, a Blackfoot Indian, rode horseback from state to replaced by a vast casino in North America. Chief Dan state seeking approval for a day to honor Indians. On 1990. Casino cash built a George was also a Commonly, dances were held in a large structure or in an open needed clinic, a new celebrated Hollywood December 14, 1915, he presented the endorsements of 24 field around a fire. Movements of the participants illustrated the church, a fire station and actor nominated for an state governments at the White House. There is no record, purpose of the dance -- expressing prayer, victory, thanks, houses for tribe families. Academy Award, and a however, of such a national day being proclaimed. mythology and more. Sometimes a leader was chosen, on The first American Indian Day in a state was declared on the "Anna was ahead of her prolific writer and poet. others, a specific individual, such as a war leader or medicine time," said Anthony Pico, second Saturday in May 1916 by the governor of New York. man would lead the dance. Many tribes danced only to the sound former chairman of the Several states celebrate the fourth Friday in September. In of a drum and their own voices; while others incorporated bells Viejas tribe. He said Mrs. Illinois, for example, legislators enacted such a day in 1919. and rattles. Some dances included solos, while others included Sandoval’s boldness and Presently, several states have designated Columbus Day as songs with a leader and chorus. Participants might include the Native American Day, but it continues to be a day we vision led to improved entire tribe, or would specific to men, women, or families. In conditions for many. observe without any recognition as a national legal holiday. addition to public dances, there were also private and semi-public dances for healing, prayer, initiation, storytelling, and courting. In 1990 President George H. W. Bush approved a joint Richard Milanovich Chief Seattle Chief Joseph, Nez Percé resolution designating November 1990 "National American Agua Caliente Band 1780-1866 • Fancy Dance • Ghost Dance 1840-1904 Indian Heritage Month." Similar proclamations, under • Gourd Dance • Grass Dance of Cahuilla Indians variants on the name (including "Native American Heritage • Hoop Dance • Hopi Snake Dance 1942-2012 Chief Si’ahl (Seattle) Chief Si’ahl (Seattle) is a In his final years, Chief Joseph Month" and "National American Indian and Alaska Native • Rain Dance • Sun Dance famous 19th century American Indian chief of the spoke eloquently against the Heritage Month") have been issued each year since 1994. • Stomp Dance • War Dance Chairman Milanovich is a well- Duwamish Tribe whose tribal ancestral homelands injustices of U.S. Government known Cahuilla tribal leader and include the area known today as the City of Seattle. policies and racial discrimination tribal rights activist who helped He is remembered for his eloquent Native American against Indigenous peoples and he usher in a new era for California wisdom and ecological writings about humankinds held out hope that Americas American Indian tribes at the responsibilities and respect for Native Americans promise of freedom and equality turn of the 21st century. rights to their indigenous homelands. would one day be fulfilled for Native Americans as well. Great Movies Dances with The Last of the Wolves (1990) Mohicans (1992) to Watch Director: Michael Blake Director: Michael Mann With celebrating Stars: Kevin Costner, Mary Stars: Daniel Day-Lewis, Madeleine Native American McDonnell, Graham Greene Stowe and Russell Means Awards: Won 7 Oscars Awards: Won Oscar for Best Sound Heritage during the Synopsis: Lt. John Dunbar, exiled Synopsis: Three trappers protect month, check out some to a remote western Civil War a British Colonels daughters movies that feature outpost, befriends wolves and In the midst of the French specific themes actors Indians, making him an intolerable and Indian War. and social issues aberration in the military.OCTOBER 2012 NEWSLETTER DIVERSITY PROGRAM INCLUSION COUNCIL CREATING DIVERSITY AWARENESS IN THE WORKPLACE NEWSLETTER OCTOBER 2012