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Kimberly riordan

  1. 1. GEORGE FREDERIC HANDEL (1685-1759)
  2. 2. GEORGE FREDRIC HANDEL <ul><li>Born in Halle, Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Father was a wealthy barber/surgeon that believed that Handel should never enter the music field. </li></ul><ul><li>Handel never married. </li></ul>
  3. 3. EARLY YEARS <ul><li>Learned opera style through playing the violin. </li></ul><ul><li>First opera was at age 20. </li></ul><ul><li>Was known as a success early in life. </li></ul><ul><li>Age 25 appointed as the conductor for the Elector of Hanover. </li></ul>
  5. 5. G. F. HANDEL <ul><li>Best Known As: Composer of Messiah </li></ul>
  7. 7. G.F. HANDEL <ul><li>1720 Founded the Royal Academy of Music </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose: presentation of Italian Opera </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Italian opera, sung in Italian, serious themes, serious plots, high aristocratic form of entertainment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>wrote about 45 operas </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. ACCOMPLISHMENTS <ul><li>Giulio Cesare (1723), Orlando (1733), and Alcina (1735). </li></ul><ul><li>His oratorios include Israel in Egypt (1739), Saul (1739), and Jephtha (1752). His church music includes the Chandos Anthems (1718) and Coronation Anthems (1727). Composed a number of great orchestral works, such as the famous Water Music (1717) and Royal Fireworks Music (1749). </li></ul>
  9. 9. NEW OPERATIC FORMS COMPOUND HANDEL’S PROBLEM <ul><li>Success of John Gay’s The Beggar’s Opera. </li></ul><ul><li>Ballad or Dialogue Opera : opera with spoken text, light, humorous, sung in the vernacular language. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  10. 10. ORATORIO <ul><li>Eventually stripped of staging and costumes etc. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of the Baroque it was simply a “non-staged event.” </li></ul><ul><li>Middle and late oratorio used no acting, staging, costumes. -- Concert version. </li></ul><ul><li>Based upon a biblical story </li></ul>
  11. 11. ORATORIO <ul><li>Sudden change in fashion in London; oratorios replace operas as favored entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Oratorio – unstaged narrative work for voices, chorus & orchestra, usually on religious themes </li></ul><ul><li>More generally, a move to new, Classical, style in opera puts Handel on the operatic shelf for 200 years </li></ul>
  12. 12. LATER YEARS <ul><li>Middle class identified with the Old Testament stories found in Handel’s oratorio’s. (Freeing of the Hebrews…. Promised Messiah) </li></ul><ul><li>Concerts given in benefit to the poor, hospitals, orphanages. </li></ul>
  13. 13. MESSIAH <ul><li>Christmas: prophecy and coming of Christ. </li></ul><ul><li>Easter: The passion of Christ </li></ul><ul><li>Redemption: detailing how to live through faith. </li></ul>
  14. 14. HANDEL’S LAST YEARS <ul><li>He lost his eyesight during the last years of his life due to cataracts. </li></ul>
  15. 15. HANDEL BURIED IN WESTMINSTER ABBEY <ul><li>Note the wrong date on the grave marker. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Handel is the greatest composer who ever lived. I would bare my head and kneel at his grave. </li></ul><ul><li>- Ludwig Van Beethoven </li></ul>
  17. 17. WORKS CITED <ul><li>Abraham, Gerald (1954), Handel: a symposium, Oxford University Press </li></ul><ul><li>Burrows, Donald (1994), Handel, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-816470-X </li></ul><ul><li>Burrows, Donald (1997), The Cambridge Companion to Handel, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-45613-4 </li></ul><ul><li>Chrissochoidis, Ilias. &quot;Early Reception of Handel's Oratorios, 1732–1784: Narrative – Studies – Documents&quot; (Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University, 2004), available through UMI. </li></ul><ul><li>Chrissochoidis, Ilias. &quot;Handel at a Crossroads: His 1737–1738 and 1738–1739 Seasons Re-Examined&quot;, Music & Letters 90/4 (November 2009), 599–635. </li></ul>
  18. 18. CONTINUED <ul><li>Chrissochoidis, Ilias. &quot;Handel, Hogarth, Goupy: Artistic intersections in Handelian biography&quot;, Early Music 37/4 (November 2009), 577–596. </li></ul><ul><li>Chrissochoidis, Ilias. &quot;'hee-haw ... llelujah': Handel among the Vauxhall Asses (1732)&quot;, Eighteenth-Century Music 7/2 (September 2010), 221–262. </li></ul><ul><li>Dean, Winton; Knapp, John Merrill (1987). Handel's Operas, 1704–1726. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-816441-6. </li></ul><ul><li>Dean, Winton (2006). Handel’s Operas, 1726–1741. The Boydell Press. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>