Fallyn Hildenbrand


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Johann Sebastian Bach

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  • Pachelbel’s Canon in D major, is one of his most popular works, and still a favorite today.
  • Bach was notable for his violin, harpsichord and organ. He worked on most every type of music at that time, except opera.
  • Bach came from a musical background, and attributed to music; four of his children became musical composers. After the death of his parents, he lived with his brother Christoph, who taught him how to play the clavichord. He later achieved a scholarship to St. Michael’s School in Luneburg for his talents. Later, a few of his sons became musicians.
  • One of his best known works was composed with a piano, which he didn’t use until his later years. The Musical Offering was dedicated to King Frederick, who offered the theme of the composition. Bach’s oldest son, Carl, worked for the king, which I how the meeting came about. The King proposed a theme and asked Bach to improve it, which he did. This is also when King Frederick gave Bach his nickname “Old Bach”.
  • Other than his new credentials, and abundant working conditions, Bach and the prince had a famous and abundant friendship. Before working for the prince, Bach was arrested for a “conflict of interest” quarrel with the Duke William Earnest his former employer. The relationship ended when Prince Leopold married; she did not share his love for music, so Bach was no longer needed at the court.
  • Bach married his cousin, Maria Barbara Bach in 1701, whom with he had seven children. She died in 1720.In 1721, he married Anna Magdalena Wilcke, his second cousin; they had thirteen children. Bach had a total of twenty children, of which only ten survived childhood. Four of the children followed in his footsteps to become composers.
  • Bach is buried at the Church of St. Thomas in Leipzig. Formerly he was buried in an unmarked grave in St. Johns Cemetery. After over a hundred years his body was transferred to the church, which was destroyed during World War II; that was when he was taken to the church, where he is currently located.
  • Fallyn Hildenbrand

    1. 1. Johann Sebastian Bach<br />1685-1750<br />
    2. 2. <ul><li>Bach was very serious mannered and given the nickname “Old Bach” by King Frederick.
    3. 3. He was musical as a child, and was able to make a proper living due to his music by the age of fifteen.</li></ul>“Old Bach”<br />
    4. 4. <ul><li>“The father of counterpoint”</li></ul>Counterpoint- a combination of two or more melodies played together<br /><ul><li>He sang in a choir as a child, and specialized in composing religious music such as cantatas and oratorios</li></ul>BACH<br />
    5. 5. Choice instruments <br /><ul><li>Was admired for his organ playing abilities throughout Europe</li></ul>Choice instruments:<br /><ul><li>Organ
    6. 6. Harpsichord</li></li></ul><li>Father: Johann Ambrosius Bach<br /><ul><li>the director of his towns musicians
    7. 7. Taught him to play the violin and harpsichord</li></ul>Uncles<br /><ul><li>Musicians who introduced him to the organ</li></ul>Brother: Johann Christoph Bach<br /><ul><li>Organist</li></ul>Son: Carl Phillip Emanuel<br /><ul><li>Court musician for King Frederick II</li></ul>Musically inclined family<br />
    8. 8. <ul><li>Did not play the piano until he was sixty, which was introduced to him by King Frederick II, at a meeting between the two
    9. 9. Regis Jussu Cantio Et Reliqua Canonica Arte Resoluta
    10. 10. He then composed musical pieces, dedicated to the king, which is regarded as one of his best works</li></ul>“musical offering”<br />
    11. 11. <ul><li>Lost family members due to living conditions of the time
    12. 12. Small cities had sewage and waste problems, among other health hazards
    13. 13. Lost his mother and father when he was about nine years old
    14. 14. Siblings, a brother and a sister , died when he was young</li></ul>Loss of family at an early age<br />
    15. 15. <ul><li> Was challenged to a competition by
    16. 16. the so-called best organist of the time, Louis Marchand.</li></ul> Marchland decided to drop out of the event, and disappeared back to his hometown of France<br /><ul><li>Bach still performed on stage for the audience
    17. 17. Had then won the title as the best organist in Europe </li></ul>Europe’s finest organist<br />
    18. 18. <ul><li>Held a title of a Kapellmeister-the most prestige for a musician
    19. 19. Doubled salary than before, and great working conditions
    20. 20. The prince became a god-father to one of Bach’s children
    21. 21. Ended with the prince’s new princess
    22. 22. Said to be what Prince Leopold is best know for</li></ul>Bach and prince Léopold<br />
    23. 23. BACH’S<br />FAMILY<br />
    24. 24. <ul><li>Suffered from bad eyesight
    25. 25. Seeking correction, had two surgeries, which diminished his health and left him blind
    26. 26. Died of a stroke in 1750
    27. 27. His death marked the end of the Baroque period in music</li></ul>End of life<br />
    28. 28. <ul><li>Bach was not famous for his works until after his death
    29. 29. Composer, Felix Mendelssohn discovered his St. Matthews Passion
    30. 30. He was known for his compositions about 100 years after his death</li></ul>Discovering his work<br />
    31. 31.  <br />Works Cited<br />"The Baroque Era Composers." Oracle Think Quest. N.p., 1998. Web. 17 Apr 2011. <http://library.thinkquest.org/15413/history/history-bar-comp.htm?tql-iframe>.<br />"Johann Sebastian Bach." Wikipedia. 2009. Web. <br />"Johann Sebastian Bach." Find A Grave. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr 2011. <http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=4237>. <br />Smith, Timothy A. "Cannons of the Musical Offering." Sojurn. N.p., 1996. Web. 17 Apr 2011. <br />Pachelbel's Cannon in D major. Perf. Bach, . 2006, Audio<br />"Johann Sebastian Bach: A Baroque Composer." EnchantedLearning.com. N.p., 2010. Web. 17 Apr 2011. <br />