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Prevalence and characteristics  of driving difficulties in  Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom combat retu...
<ul><li>Study Aims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Document driving difficulties reported by Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Endur...
Methods <ul><li>We used a brief driving questionnaire and chart reviews to assess prevalence and characteristics of drivin...
Findings <ul><li>Compared with before deployment, 93% of veterans reported more difficulties with driving.  </li></ul><ul>...
Most Prevalent Driving Difficulties
Conclusions <ul><li>Postdeployment driving difficulties are real, especially for veterans with PTSD.  </li></ul><ul><li>Ap...
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Lew488 JRRD Slideshow Project

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Prevalence and characteristics of driving difficulties in Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom combat returnees

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Lew488 JRRD Slideshow Project

  1. 1. Prevalence and characteristics of driving difficulties in Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom combat returnees Henry L. Lew, MD, PhD; Malissa Kraft, PsyD; Terri K. Pogoda, PhD; Melissa M. Amick, PhD; Patricia Woods, RN, MSN; David X. Cifu, MD
  2. 2. <ul><li>Study Aims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Document driving difficulties reported by Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF) veterans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine association between driving difficulties and traumatic brain injury (TBI) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Relevance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motor vehicle crashes are the . . . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leading cause of military injuries and deaths. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leading cause of death among recently returned veterans. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Methods <ul><li>We used a brief driving questionnaire and chart reviews to assess prevalence and characteristics of driving difficulties in 4 OIF/OEF veteran groups: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TBI only. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PTSD only. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TBI + PTSD. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neither TBI nor PTSD. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Findings <ul><li>Compared with before deployment, 93% of veterans reported more difficulties with driving. </li></ul><ul><li>Veterans with PTSD (with or without TBI) reported most significant difficulties. </li></ul><ul><li>Veterans with only TBI reported difficulties similar to veterans with neither diagnosis. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Most Prevalent Driving Difficulties
  6. 6. Conclusions <ul><li>Postdeployment driving difficulties are real, especially for veterans with PTSD. </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate prevention, assessment, and treatment programs are needed. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., Soldiers may need to be retaught safe, civilian driving skills and anger management upon return. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Issue must be further addressed to help veterans transition safely and smoothly from deployment to home. </li></ul>

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