Chapter 8 digestive system


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Chapter 8 digestive system

  1. 1. Chapter 8: Digestive System Abbreviations and Terms By Stacie Hauenstein
  2. 2. Nasogastric (NG) • Pertaining to the nose (nas/o) and stomach (gastr/o) • A nasogastric tube is a flexible tube, which is inserted into the nose, through the esophagus, and down into the stomach • A nasogastric tube can be used for pumping food into the stomach or sucking fluids out of the stomach.
  3. 3. Example of Nasogastric (NG) tube
  4. 4. Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) • A Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) is a test to determine if there is any blood in the feces. • Some conditions that could cause blood in the stool are colorectal cancer, hemorrhoids, anal fissures, colon polyps, peptic ulcers, ulcerative colitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) , Crohn’s disease.
  5. 5. Example of a FOBT
  6. 6. Aspartate Transaminase (AST) • Aspartate Transaminase (AST) is an enzyme that is normally present in the blood • It is also a diagnostic procedure that tests for the AST enzyme • The levels of this enzyme are increased in people with liver disease or damage • The normal level of AST is 5-40 units per liter of serum
  7. 7. Examples of Livers
  8. 8. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) occurs when the stomach acids comes back up into the esophagus. • Usually occurs if the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is not closing properly • GERD can cause inflammation, pain, dental problems, Barrett’s esophagus, brochospasms, esophageal ulcers • Some risk factors include alcohol, pregnancy, obesity, and smoking
  9. 9. GERD
  10. 10. Bibliography • "Clinical Communication." Bed 10: Handover Activity 3. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2013. • "Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)." WebMD. WebMD, 03 Jan. 0000. Web. 15 Oct. 2013. • "Fecal Occult Blood Test." - Intelihealth. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2013. • "What Are the Aminotransferases? - Liver Blood Test (Enzymes) Elevated, Normal - MedicineNet." MedicineNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2013. • "Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2013. • "Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Symptoms, Causes, Treatment - What Is GERD (acid Reflux)? - MedicineNet." MedicineNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2013. • Fremgen, Bonnie F., and Suzanne S. Frucht. "Chapter 8: Digestive System." Medical Terminology: A Living Language. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2005. N. pag. Print.