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Differentiated Instruction presentation


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Differentiated Instruction presentation

  1. 1. DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION By Stacey O’Connell Reaching Students: One Child at a Time
  2. 2. DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION: WHAT IS IT? <ul><li>Implementing a variety of instructional methods within the classroom in order for students to learn effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Students are provided with diverse opportunities to acquire content in order to process, construct, and/or making sense of ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Each student is able to succeed regardless of differences in ability </li></ul>
  3. 3. STEPS TO PLANNING DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION Step 1: Know Your Students Step 2: Have a Repertoire of Teaching Strategies Step 3: Identify a Variety of Instructional Activities Step 4: Identify Ways to Assess or Evaluate Student Progress
  4. 4. STEP 1: KNOW YOUR STUDENTS <ul><li>Identify the Students’ Ability Level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Survey Past Records for Prior Learning or Past Learning Experiences (Special Needs, Gifted, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Survey Student Interests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interest Inventory (Google Docs, Survey Monkey, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interview or Conference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Answering Open-Ended Questionnaire </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Behavior Management Problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it an Issue? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. STEP 2: HAVE A REPERTOIRE OF TEACHING STRATEGIES <ul><li>Direct Instruction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher-centered Instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structured for Covering Large </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantity of Material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on Mastery Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inquiry-Based Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develops Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student-centered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct Investigations for Discovery </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. STEP 2: HAVE A REPERTOIRE OF TEACHING STRATEGIES CONT’D. <ul><li>Cooperative Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heterogeneously Grouping Small Teams of Students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assigning Tasks for Students to Accomplish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jigsaw </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Group Investigation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Information Processing Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching Students “how to” Process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organize, Store, Retrieve, and Apply </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphic Organizing, KWL Chart, Webbing, Scaffolding, or Memorization </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. STEP 3: IDENTIFY A VARIETY OF INSTRUCTIONAL ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Using Activities that Motivate and Challenge Students </li></ul><ul><li>Suiting Activities to Needs of Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixed Ability Levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backgrounds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Develop and Apply Knowledge that Makes Sense </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tic-Tac-Toe Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Contracts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tiered Activities </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. STEP 4: IDENTIFY WAYS TO ASSESS OR EVALUATE STUDENT PROGRESS <ul><li>Authentic Assessment to Measure Student Progress Fairly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relating Content to Real-World Experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Using a Variety of Assessment Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Portfolios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance-based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge Mapping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rubrics </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. RESOURCES <ul><li>Baxter, J. (Photographer). (2007). Graphic organizers for math . </li></ul><ul><li>[Web]. Retrieved from 1472413809/ </li></ul><ul><li>Dave, Initials. (Photographer). (2009). Tic-tac-$oug$ . [Web]. Retrieved from 3360752525/ </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiated instruction. (2010). Wikipedia. Retrieved September 30, 2010, from Differentiated_instruction </li></ul><ul><li>How to differentiate instruction . (2007). Retrieved from http:// print.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Kellum, S. (Photographer). (2009). Portfolio mailer . [Web]. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Lopez, K. (Photographer). (2008). To be taught . [Web]. Retrieved from 3751402009/ </li></ul><ul><li>Suderman, C. (Photographer). (2006). Kids in the classroom . [Web]. Retrieved from 248876814/ </li></ul>