Indian Art


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Indian Art

  1. 1. Group 2 Burgos, StaceyCabotaje, Jose Maria Casais, Bea Pauline De Mesa, Juan Carlo Estanislao, Wencee Fenis, Cristelle
  2. 2.  The major themes of Indian art seem to begin emerging as early as the Harappan period, about 2500 BC. With the arrival of the Indo- Europeans (or Aryans) around 1500 BC, came new artistic ideas.
  3. 3.  Around 500 BC, the conversion to Buddhism of a large part of the population of India - brought new artistic themes. Conquests of Alexander the Great, in the 320s BC - also had an important impact on Indian art. He left colonies of Greek veteran soldiers in Afghanistan and Pakistan, some of which were sculptors.
  4. 4.  Their Greek-style carvings attracted attention in India. First life-size stone statues in India date to the 200s BC, just after Alexander. Guptan period, about 500 AD - great cave temples of Ajanta and Ellora were carved. Scenes from the life of the Buddha became popular, and statues of the Buddha.
  5. 5.  Carved from the 2nd-6th century and are 30 in number. Dedicated to Buddhism and the carvings in them portary the life of Lord Buddha along with other carvings like that of animals.
  6. 6.  Arrival of Islamic faith and Islamic conquerors about 1000 AD. Brought iconoclasm to India, and a love of varied and complex patterning derived from Arabic and Persian models. This affected even Hindu artists who had not converted to Islam. Small Persian-style miniature paintings also became popular.
  7. 7. A land of diverse cultures. Variations in physical, climatic conditions and the extent of exposure to other cultures have greatly influenced the traditions and culture of the different regions. The greatness of India - accepting the best from all the invaders and intermingling the new customs and styles with the existing - visible in all aspects - music, dance, painting, sculptures, architec ture.
  8. 8.  In India, all art, like all life, is given over to religion. Indian art is life, as interpreted by religion and philosophy. Described as theological, hieratic, or, perhaps best of all as traditional. Like all traditional art, the purpose is primarily to instruct men in the great first causes, which according to the seers, govern the material, spiritual and celestial worlds.
  9. 9.  Dedicated to communicating these great truths to mankind and, by the architectural, sculptural and pictorial reconstruction of the powers that maintain the stars in their courses. Is an art of social, political and religious influences. It changed and evolved with the evolution of a civilization which was full of remarkable innovations in all areas of artistic expression.
  10. 10. The cultural policy of the Government of India has three major objectives: Preserving the cultural heritage of India, Inculcating Indian art consciousness amongst Indians, And promoting high standards in creative and performing arts.
  11. 11.  Western scholars have often had difficulty understanding the complex cultural and philosophical systems that gave birth to Indian art tradition. The story of Indian art is also the story of the oldest and the most resilient culture on earth. It is seen as an amalgamation of indigenous and outside influences, yet having a unique character and distinctiveness of its own.
  12. 12.  Spirals and curvaceous lines, vines and tendrils. Round-figured goddesses, circular amulets, colored gemstones, arches and domes, haloed deities, crescent moons, and the globe of the sun. Sculptures & paintings depict the diversity, colour and spontaneity of the country and are representations of the all- encompassing nature of Indian culture.
  13. 13.  Kolam designs have been tradionally handed down to the younger generation by the elders. Several organisations and magazines conduct kolam exhibitions & contests to revive the interest in traditional habits & customs. There are enthusiasts who create fresh new designs, but kolams are basically redrawn by the public following the designs taught by elders or printed in books & magazines.
  14. 14.  Flourished in India from very early periods, evident from literary sources and also from the discovered remnants. Contemporary artists have kept up to the times & excel in their modern works, giving free expression to their imagination & artistic liberty.
  15. 15.  Can be broadly classified as the murals & miniatures. Murals- huge works executed the walls of solid structures. Miniature paintings are those executed on a very small scale on perishable material such as paper, cloth, etc., Though perfected by artisans under the various rules, not many remain today.
  16. 16. *Shiva (meaning "auspicious one")  is a major Hindu deity,  Shiva is a yogi who has notice of everything that happens in the world and is the main aspect of life.  In the Shaiva tradition of Hinduism, Shiva is seen as the Supreme God and has five Important works: creator, preserver, destroyer Shiva mural in the , concealer, and revealer (toKailasanatha Temple, dating from the 8th century AD bless).