TRACTOR is a word which is derived from TRACTION and MOTOR .
Tractor is a vehicle specifically designed to deliver a high tractive effort at slow speeds, for the
purposes of hauling a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or construction
REQUIREMENTS OF TRACTOR
It should withstand load when tractor is working in field
with implements in uneven fields.
It should have a provision for running other stationary
machines like Threshers, Fertilizer, Sprayers etc. that is it
should have PTO shaft arrangement.
It should have suitable hydraulic system for handling
implements or equipments.
YEAR INVENTION INVENTOR
1890 THE WORD TRACTOR IS APPEARED AND
INVENTION OF TRACTOR ENGINE
1906 GASOLINE TRACTOR WAS INTRODUCED CHARLES W.HART
1908 FIRST WINNIPEG TRACTOR TRIALS
1911 FIRST TRACTOR DEMONSTRATION -
1920-1924 ALL PURPOSE TRACTOR WAS
1936-1937 DIESEL ENGINE WAS USED IN TRACTOR -
1960-1961 EICHER GOOD EARTH FIRST STARTED
MANUFACTURING TRACTOR IN INDIA
1971 ESCORT TRACTOR LTD. STARTED PRODUCING
1973 MANUFACTURE OF HMT TRACTOR WAS STARTED
1974 PITTI AND KIRLOSKER TRACTORS WERE STARTED
1975 HARSHA TRACTORS WERE ESTABLISHED
1981 AUTO TRACTOR WAS STARTED
1982 UNIVERSAL TRACTORS WERE ESTABLISHED
1983-2003 GTCL TRACTORS, M.M.TRACTORS,SONALIKA, L&T,
PTL, BAJAJ TRACTORS ARE INTRODUCED
Tractors are classified in Three different ways
1.Type of construction
2.Type of Drive
3.The purpose for what it is used
TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION
Tractor in which driver can sit and drive
Tractor with which the operator walks along
TYPE OF COSTRUCTION
1. Track type – Half Track
2. Wheel type – Two wheel
THE PURPOSE FOR WHAT IT IS
2.Row crop Tractor
8.Earth Moving Tractor
It is general purpose tractor and is designed for
ploughing and driving any other equipment through
ROW CROP TRACTOR
It is an all purpose tractor designed in such a way
that it can meet practically all the demands for
agricultural purpose such as ploughing, harrowing,
leveling, pulling seed drill, for running other
machines like water pumps threshers.
These are special type of tractor only used in
These are made very height in height so that while
sitting on the tractor fruits can easily plucked from
the trees or trees can be trimmed.
INDUSTRIAL TYPE TRACTOR
They are used for pulling loads or fitted with crane
boom for lifting loads.
These are very small in construction.
Used for grass cutting or making flower beds in the
These are walking type of Tractor.
Used in small fields or on hills where fields are very small
and are at different levels where ordinary tractor cannot
This is special type of tractor having extended chassis
frame between the front and rear tires where all the
implements can be mounted.
EARTH MOVING TRACTORS
These are heavy in weight and strongly built available both
in track and tire type.
Used for earth moving work on dams, quarries and other