The Zhengzhou museum — sure, it looks like a clutch of golden Easter eggs
There are lots of natural materials like coal, oil, gas, cashmere and also construction materials like marble and granite.The planning and operation of large scale Chinese modern engineering projects have benefited from the mobilization of money and resources and support within the social organism.There is no influence by market supplies and demands.
Building a city in the middle of a desert. People expected a industrial transformation and economic transition through a new land settlement.Construction and destruction keep growing up GDP and underpinning economy. Furthermore, this life cycle satisfied the need of political ecology.But they do not have as many customers as they expected. if they don't have enough customers with deep enough pockets to foot the bill now, why not wait? Something still doesn't add up. It still smells like a huge scam to me
So if Stephen is correct how do you explain the fact that it will cost at least as much as the construction to keep those buildings in shape and running.
Land settlement- western practice Build a modern cityin rural area with no market
Changhaipudong once being mocked as a purpose-built version of Manhattan, as overdesigned and under occupied, evidence in steal and glass of properties. A decade ago, Pudong was an urban-development model failureguided by state planners, a soulless district where 70% of the buildings stood empty. But now, the district's transformation into a vibrant nexus for finance, trade and entertainment is testament to factors like the strong momentum of Chinese migration toward urban centers.
Analyst: IAin’t afraid of No ‘Ghost Cities’, Feb. 27, 2013 WSJWhy truly crap investment saves China?He pointed out that by investing ghost city to underpin growth, China saved itself from even more unwise overinvestment in area that could have done lasting damage to the Economy, such as manufacturing
Historically, china had been tied to the tradition of grand unification projects, such as the construction of the great wall, grand canal.Market economic rule against, rapid urban planning
Building a city in the middle of a desert. People expected a industrial transformation and economic transition through a new land settlement.Land form- traditional chinese thinking patternPractices with this pattern would be based on the ideals of harmony, human perfectibility and systematic fit with natural systems and processes.
The Dujiang Dam irrigation project is the oldest large-scale irrigation project in the history of the world. It has been supporting people in Sichuan Province, China, for more than 2,000 years. Fish mouth levee, flying sand weir and bottle neck channel, as an organic unity and enables them to perform the three function s organically: flood diversion, sand discharge, and irrigation Supply. This case is good practice of ontology which is able to eliminate the possible conflicts bwtween diverse parts of engineering practice
Ghost city in China
The ghost city in ChinaCreation <> DestructionNatural <> Man madeGenetic <> CulturalEcology <> EconomyLandform <> Land settlementQuantity <> QualityPreservation <> Development鬼城
鬼城河南鄭州市鄭東新區150 km2, 19B USD2 finance centersMuseums, exhibitions15 universitiesResidential buildings for 0.2B people Unoccupancy rate is 90
內蒙古鄂爾多斯市-新城 200432 km2 for residential, 530 km2 for industrial areasDesign for 1 M peopleNow only 28,600 people鬼城Ordos
About thoseghost cities in ChinaLocated around 40 different places in ChinaBuilt to help sustain China’s economy of $8 trillion – half ofwhich is from constructionYale professor, Stephen Roach, states that these citieswere built in anticipation of future urbanization Cities must be built in advance to absorb mass migrations Ghost cities will be occupied in the next 10-15 yearsChina’s urbanization pace: Expect to reach 65%within next 10 years
Formation of ghost cityrural urbanUrbanizationGDPPoliticsEconomyGhostcityIt is a 城（cheng),it is not a 市(chi)
Shanghai PudongFrom ghost city to goldencityThe area of Pudong in Shanghai was largely unoccupied untilthe turn of the century (2000)As China’s economy boomed and people and businessesflooded to Shanghai, Pudong began to thrivePudong is now home to wealthy residents as well as manyforeign and domestic businesses5.5M people live in PudongShanghais advantages: a strong industrial base, widespreadprosperity and favorable geography at the mouth of the YangtzeRiver.
Pudong: Past vs. PresentGhost city ‘saves’ China?
Ghost city now stands forRapid urban planningOver constructionReal estate bubbleEconomicFailure
OntologyentiretysynthesisEthicsSimplicitypurityKnowledgeYin-yung, WuxingMethodologyfeng shuiDaoistTraditional Chinese Thinking Patternneeds to be back to Modern ChinaEngineeringactivitiesSociallifeTraditionalChineseThinkingPatternNaturalenvironment
Dujiang DamHow Human Beings Can Live in Harmony with NatureFish mouth leveedivides the water into inner and outer streams