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Богомаз Карина.pptx

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THE ESSENCE OF THE SUMMARY, ITS
TASKS AND ORGANIZATION
Department of Economics, Entrepreneurship and
Business
Administration
https://econ.biem.sumdu.edu.ua/
WHAT IS A STATISTICAL
SUMMARY?
Statistical compilation is the process of arrangement,
systematization and scientific processing of primary
statistical material to identify typical features and
regularities of the phenomena and processes being
studied.
The main task of compilation is to obtain
generalizing statistical indicators that
characterize the essence of socio-
economic phenomena and their typical
features and regularities.
• determination of grouping features and order of formation of
groups and subgroups of data;
• justification of the system of statistical indicators that must be
calculated for each of the groups and the population as a
whole;
• development of layouts of statistical tables in which the
summary results will be presented;
• preparation of data for computer processing, i.e. assigning to
units of the population the appropriate identification code
(cipher), developed and approved by statistical authorities.
THE COMPILATION PROGRAM INCLUDES
THE FOLLOWING ISSUES:
A simple summation consists in
the calculation of total sums for
the population being studied,
without dividing its units into
groups.
A complex summary involves:
• distribution of population
units into homogeneous
groups;
• calculation of the results
for each of the groups and
the population as a whole;
• presentation of the results
of grouping and summary
in the form of statistical
tables.
According to the complexity of
processing the primary materials, the
assembly can be simple or complex.
According to the organization and method of data
processing, the summary can be centralized and
decentralized.
Centralized summary consists in the fact that all primary observation
materials are concentrated and processed in the central statistical
body - the State Statistics Service of Ukraine (SSU). For example,
materials of the population census or national referendum on
particularly important issues of social life, etc.
Decentralized compilation is used mainly in the processing of statistical reporting,
when primary materials are processed and summarized in stages, from bottom to
top, by local statistical authorities, and the results of compilation are submitted to
the DSSU. Reports on the production and economic activity of enterprises are first
processed and compiled in regional statistical bodies, and then the results of the
compilation are submitted to the DSSU, where they are generalized throughout
Ukraine.

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Богомаз Карина.pptx

  • 1. THE ESSENCE OF THE SUMMARY, ITS TASKS AND ORGANIZATION Department of Economics, Entrepreneurship and Business Administration https://econ.biem.sumdu.edu.ua/
  • 2. WHAT IS A STATISTICAL SUMMARY? Statistical compilation is the process of arrangement, systematization and scientific processing of primary statistical material to identify typical features and regularities of the phenomena and processes being studied. The main task of compilation is to obtain generalizing statistical indicators that characterize the essence of socio- economic phenomena and their typical features and regularities.
  • 3. • determination of grouping features and order of formation of groups and subgroups of data; • justification of the system of statistical indicators that must be calculated for each of the groups and the population as a whole; • development of layouts of statistical tables in which the summary results will be presented; • preparation of data for computer processing, i.e. assigning to units of the population the appropriate identification code (cipher), developed and approved by statistical authorities. THE COMPILATION PROGRAM INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING ISSUES:
  • 4. A simple summation consists in the calculation of total sums for the population being studied, without dividing its units into groups. A complex summary involves: • distribution of population units into homogeneous groups; • calculation of the results for each of the groups and the population as a whole; • presentation of the results of grouping and summary in the form of statistical tables. According to the complexity of processing the primary materials, the assembly can be simple or complex.
  • 5. According to the organization and method of data processing, the summary can be centralized and decentralized. Centralized summary consists in the fact that all primary observation materials are concentrated and processed in the central statistical body - the State Statistics Service of Ukraine (SSU). For example, materials of the population census or national referendum on particularly important issues of social life, etc. Decentralized compilation is used mainly in the processing of statistical reporting, when primary materials are processed and summarized in stages, from bottom to top, by local statistical authorities, and the results of compilation are submitted to the DSSU. Reports on the production and economic activity of enterprises are first processed and compiled in regional statistical bodies, and then the results of the compilation are submitted to the DSSU, where they are generalized throughout Ukraine.