Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on


Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment


  1. 1. England Area: 131000 sq km Population: 51 million people Capital: London Longest river: the Thames (346 km) Language: English The largest country in Great Britain. It is situated in the central and southern part of Great Britain. It borders on Scotland (N), North Sea (E), English Channel (S) and Wales (W). London is the capital of England
  2. 2. Symbols of England The red rose became the national flower of England after the War of the Roses (1455-1485) which was the war of the dynasties for the English throne. The English flag, St.George’s Cross, is red cross on a white background. • Saint George’s Day, the national day of England, is celebrated on 23 April. • Saint George is the patron saint of England. The Three Lions Crest - The Coat of Arms of England Richard the Lionheart (1189 - 1199) used the three golden lions (sometimes described as leopards) on their scarlet background as a powerful symbol of the English Throne during the time of the Crusades. The oak is the national tree of England
  3. 3. Scotland Area: 78800 sq km Population: 5 million people Capital: Edinburgh Language: English,Gaelick Scotland occupies the north of the island of Great Britain. It shares a border with England. The country includes over 790 islands. Scotland is washed by the Atlantic Ocean (W), the North Sea (E) and the Irish Sea (SW). Scotland is a mountainous country. It consists of: - the North- West Highlands - the Grampian Mountains - the Central Lowlands - the Southern Uplands Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in Great Britain. It is 1343 metres high. Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland and the seat of the Scottish Parliament.
  4. 4. The Scottish flag, St.Andrew’s Cross, is a diagonal white cross on a blue field.  Saint Andrew`s Day, the national day of Scotland, is celebrated on 30 November.  Saint Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland. The national flower of Scotland is the thistle. The thistle was chosen as such because it saved the country from the enemy. Symbols of Scotland The Coat of Arms of Scotland Tartan is another national symbol. Scottish kilts have tartan patterns. A kilt is a knee-length skirt. It is a traditional clothes of men and boys in Scotland. Bagpipe is a Scottish national musical instrument.
  5. 5. WalesArea: 20761 sq km Population: 2.9 million people Capital: Cardiff Language: English, Welsh Wales is a mountainous country on the western part of GB. It shares a border with England in the east. Wales is the land of valleys, lakes,legends and sheep. Wales has often been called of the Land of Songs. One of the Welsh traditions is festivals. Eisteddfod is a Welsh festival of literature, music and performance. Wales is a land of beautiful nature, rich culture and amazing architecture. Cardiff Castle Cardiff is the capital and the largest city of Wales. Wales is a Principality, not a Kingdom.
  6. 6. Symbols of Wales The National flag of Wales is a Red Dragon on a white field over dark green. It has been officially known since 1959. • St.David’s Day, the national day of Wales, is celebtated on 1 March. • Saint David is the patron saint of Wales,his flag with a yellow cross on black background is a symbol of Wales too. Royal Badge of Wales The national flower of Wales is the daffodil, which is traditionally worn on St.David’s Day. The leek is another national emblem of Wales. It is thought Welsh soldiers wore leeks in their hats during battles to distinguish them from their enemies. The Coat of Arms of the Principality of Wales is a coat of arms used by the Prince of Wales. The Prince of Wales is always the first son of the royal family. The harp is the national instrument of Wales.
  7. 7. The Union Flag - the flag of the United Kingdom Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom The UK or British flag is popularly known as the Union Jack
  8. 8. Northern Ireland Area: 14160 sq km Population: 1,6 million people Capital: Belfast Main rivers: Foyle, Bann Language: Irish, English and Gaelic It is situated in the north-east of the island of Ireland. Nothern Ireland also known as Ulster is the smallest part of the UK. It has only one-sixth of the territory of Ireland island. It consists of six counties. Relief of the country is quite diverse. Belfast is the capital of Nothern Ireland
  9. 9. Symbols of Northern Ireland The Red Hand Flag or Ulster banner 17 March - The national day of Northern Ireland is St Patrick's Day Saint Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland. His flag is a red saltire on a white field. The shamrock is the national flower of Northern Ireland. The coat of arms shown above is NOT the coat of arms of Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland does not have an official coat of arms. The image shown above is of a historical coat of arms used from 1924 to 1972 The Ulster Banner, the former flag, was used from 1953 to 1972 (Flag adopted 29 May 1953). The red hand is also a symbol of Nothern Ireland. Today it is the official Arms of Northern Ireland. There is no official National flag of Northern Ireland. The use of various flags in Northern Ireland is contentious. The Union Jack (or Union Flag) is used as Northern Ireland's official flag. The image of the "red hand" comes from a legend. It is about how one of aged ruler’s sons cut off his hand and threw it on the beach during a competition in rowing boats with a condition "whose hand first touched the shore - and he will own this land. " The hand is most likely red because it was covered with blood.