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محاضرة 9

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برنامج مهارات البحث العلمي 8 (محاضرة 9)

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محاضرة 9

  1. 1. «‫العلمي‬ ‫البحث‬ ‫مهارات‬ ‫برنامج‬8»
  2. 2. Tools For an easy scientific writing ‫وميسرة‬ ‫سهلة‬ ‫العلمية‬ ‫كتابتك‬ ‫تجعل‬ ‫التي‬ ‫العلمي‬ ‫البحث‬ ‫أدوات‬ presenter: Yusra Alyafee ‫سعود‬ ‫امللك‬ ‫جامعة‬ ‫البحوث‬ ‫مركز‬ ٨ ‫العلمي‬ ‫البحث‬ ‫مهارات‬ ٤/٤/٢٠١٦ ‫االثنني‬
  3. 3. Content Definitions • Plagiarisms • Copyright law • Fair Use of intellectual properties legal implications Types of Plagiarisms • Simple copy and paste • Patchwork copying • Paraphrasing copying • Unintentional copying Avoiding Plagiarisms • Paraphrasing Techniques • Spelling And Grammar Checker • Plagiarisms Checker ‫سعود‬ ‫امللك‬ ‫جامعة‬ ‫البحوث‬ ‫مركز‬ ٨ ‫العلمي‬ ‫البحث‬ ‫مهارات‬ ٤/٤/٢٠١٦ ‫االثنني‬
  4. 4. Plagiarism »  Is taking another person's work and willing to "pass it off" as your own. This can apply to anything, from research projects to photos to tunes, even thoughts http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/plagiarism.ppt
  5. 5. Copyright http://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ01.pdf “Copyright is a form of protection provided by the laws of the United States (title 17, U.S. Code) to the authors of ‘original works of authorship,’ including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works.This protection is available to both published and unpublished works.” (www.copyright.gov)
  6. 6. Fair Use http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/plagiarism.ppt is a statute under copyright law that takes into consideration the utilization of portions of copyrighted work without having consent from the first creator.
  7. 7. Legal Implications –  Most schools and universities have policies on cheating and plagiarism. –  Above is example of ULM policy 1st 2nd 3rd failing grade on assignment failing grade for the course suspension http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/plagiarism.ppt
  8. 8. Type of Plagiarism Copy and paste Patch- work Paraphrasing Unintentional http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/plagiarism.ppt
  9. 9. copying »  When someone duplicates another person's work and puts his name on it, he committed plagiarism »  The most common type of plagiarism http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/plagiarism.ppt
  10. 10. example Children are totally insensitive to their parents' shyness; it is the rare child who labels a parent shy [...] This is understandable, since parents are in positions of control and authority in their homes and may not reveal their shy side to their children. Also, since shyness is viewed as undesirable by many children, it may be threatening to think of parents in these terms. At this young age, the parent is still idealized as all- knowing and all-powerful - - not dumb, ugly, or weak." Zimbardo, Philip G. (1977). Shyness: What it is, what to do about it. Cambridge, Mass.: Perseus Books. This one is quite clear example. This author steal the content from Dr. Zimbardo's book word to word and does not acknowledged him at all. Example is taken from http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/plagiarism.ppt
  11. 11. patchwork plagiarism http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/plagiarism.ppt This happens when the plagiarizer obtains the expressions and statements from the first source and merge them into his own written work without putting the expressions in quotes or refering to the writer.
  12. 12. example Children are totally insensitive to their parents' shyness; it is the rare child who labels a parent shy [...] This is understandable, since parents are in positions of control and authority in their homes and may not reveal their shy side to their children. Also, since shyness is viewed as undesirable by many children, it may be threatening to think of parents in these terms. At this young age, the parent is still idealized as all-knowing and all-powerful - - not dumb, ugly, or weak." With regard to children, they are totally insensitive to their parents' shyness. Rare is the child who labels a parent shy. It is easy to understand this, since the parents are in positions of control and authority in their own homes and may not necessarily show their shy side to their children. Moreover, since shyness is viewed as unfavorable by most children, it may be threatening for them to think of their parents in that light. During the formative years, the parent is idealized as all-knowing and all-powerful -- not dumb, ugly, or weak. In this example, the authors committed plagiarism by not putting the shaded parts in quotes and included a reference after the citation, as (Zimbardo 62). Original copied Examples are taken from http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/plagiarism.ppt
  13. 13. Paraphrasing Plagiarism http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/plagiarism.ppt This happens when the plagiarizer rewords or compresses another's work without referring to the source. Changing the words a little or utilizing equivalent words yet holding the authors writing structure structure, and/or style without referring to the source is still considered plagiarism .
  14. 14. example C h i l d r e n a r e c o m p l e t e l y insensitive to their parents' shyness and rarely label their parents as shy. Because the parents are the authority and controlling figures in the home, they may not feel shy and therefore not show their shy side. Moreover, during the formative years, parents are seen as omnipotent and omniscient and not stupid, unattractive, or pathetic; it may be frightening for children to view their parents in terms of shyness. Children are totally insensitive to their parents' shyness; it is the rare child who labels a parent shy [...] This is understandable, since parents are in positions of control and authority in their homes and may not reveal their shy side to their children. Also, since shyness is viewed as undesirable by many children, it may be threatening to think of parents in these terms. At this young age, the parent is still idealized as all-knowing and all- powerful - - not dumb, ugly, or weak." No references In this example, the author paraphrased the sentences and work in the script but he didn't’ mention the real recourse so he committed plagiarism Examples was taken from :http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/plagiarism.ppt
  15. 15. Unintentional »  It happened when the author has mistakenly quoted, cited or inaccurately referred to a source. It could be considered as dishonesty and plagiarism whether it's intentional or not. http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/plagiarism.ppt
  16. 16. Avoiding Plagiarism Simply be honest give credit Acknowledge the author http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/plagiarism.ppt
  17. 17. Avoiding Plagiarism Check your writing and your resources Don’t forget the quote marks Citation …citation ...citation http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/plagiarism.ppt
  18. 18. Utilize your own work and you own words as frequently as you can Avoiding Plagiarism http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/plagiarism.ppt
  19. 19. Avoiding Plagiarism Picture taken from :h3p://www.cameron.k12.wi.us/sta:c/lmc/hs_lmc/hs_lmc_plagiarism.html
  20. 20. Avoiding Plagiarism Picture taken from: h3p://unilearning.uow.edu.au/notetake/note17_sum.html
  21. 21. Avoiding Plagiarism h3p://content.easybib.com/guides/students/research-guide/paraphrasing-patchwri:ng-direct-quotes/
  22. 22. For people who they are not a native ENGLISH SPEAKER .. This can be hard sometimes
  23. 23. Tools to help •  Paraphrasing soDware •  Spelling and grammar checker soDware •  Plagiarism checker soDware
  24. 24. Paraphrasing website
  25. 25. Paraphrasing website example
  26. 26. Paraphrasing website 1st STEP:
  27. 27. Paraphrasing website Open the program 1st :Paste your text here 2nd :answer the ques:on 3rd :Press Go
  28. 28. Paraphrasing website Paraphrased text
  29. 29. Spelling and grammar checker software
  30. 30. Spelling and grammar checker software 2nd STEP:
  31. 31. Spelling and grammar checker software Paste the text here
  32. 32. Spelling and grammar checker software
  33. 33. Spelling and grammar checker software
  34. 34. Spelling and grammar checker software Correc:on and sugges:on
  35. 35. Check for the % of plagiarism in your text
  36. 36. Check for the % of plagiarism in your text
  37. 37. At the end reread the text and check for any mistakes The field of single-cell genomics is progressing quickly and is crea:ng numerous new bits of knowledge into complex natural frameworks, extending from the assorted quali:es of microbial biological communi:es to the genomics of human malignancy. In this Review, we give a diagram of the present condi:on of the field of single-cell genome sequencing. In the first place, we concentrate on the specialized difficul:es of making es:ma:ons that begin from a solitary par:cle of DNA, and aDerward inves:gate how some of these late methodological headways have empowered the revela:on of sudden new science. Regions highlighted incorporate the use of single-cell genomics to cross examine microbial dull ma3er and to assess the pathogenic parts of hereditary mosaicism in mul:cellular life forms, with an emphasis on growth. We then endeavor to foresee progresses we hope to find in the following couple of years. Final text
  38. 38. And you are ready now
  39. 39. Q&A ‫سعود‬ ‫امللك‬ ‫جامعة‬ ‫البحوث‬ ‫مركز‬ ٨ ‫العلمي‬ ‫البحث‬ ‫مهارات‬ ٤/٤/٢٠١٦ ‫االثنني‬ THANK YOU FOR LISTENING Regards: Yusra AlYafee
  40. 40. References h3p://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/plagiarism.ppt h3p://owl.english.purdue.edu/ h3p://www.ulm.edu/~lowe h3p://www.cameron.k12.wi.us/sta:c/lmc/hs_lmc/ hs_lmc_plagiarism.html h3p://content.easybib.com/guides/students/research-guide/ paraphrasing-patchwri:ng-direct-quotes/ h3p://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ01.pdf h3p://unilearning.uow.edu.au/notetake/note17_sum.html

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