Conditional sentences

If
Conditional sentences

Condition

Clause

Result
Conditional
• If-clause

•

Main clause

If-clause

comma(,)
If you learn harder, you will
succeed.
•

Main clause
comma(,...
???
1. The first conditional: Future Possible
2. The second conditional: Present Unreal
3. The third conditional: Past Unreal
1.The first conditional: Future Possible
1.1 >>>

If Present Sim, Present Sim.

1.2 >>>
1.3 >>>

If Present Sim, Future Si...
1.1 >>> If Present Sim, Present Sim.
If + S + V1(s, es) + _____ , S + V1(s, es) + _____.

If-clause at the beginning:
- If...
1.2 >>> If Present Sim, Future Sim.
If + S + V1(s, es) + ____ , S + will + V infinitive + ____.

If-clause at the beginnin...
1.3 >>> If Present Sim, Imperative.
If + S + V1(s, es) + _____ , V infinitive + _____.
Main clause
If-clause at the beginn...
2.The second conditional: Present Unreal

2. >>> If Past Sim, Future in the past


Future

Future in the past
S + will ...
2. >>> If Past Sim, Future in the past
If + S + V2 + ____ , S + would + V infinitive + ____.
could
should
might
If-clause ...
3.The third conditional: Past Unreal
3. >>> If Past Perfect, Future Perfect in the past


the past

Future Perfect in

...
3. >>> If Past Perfect, Future Perfect in the past
If + S + had + V3 + ___, S + would + have + V3 + ___.
could
should
migh...
1. First conditional:
If I have enough money, I will go to Japan.
2. Second conditional:
If I had enough money, I would go...
!!!
Unless
Unless

If…….not =

If there is no water, the plants will die.
>> Unless there is water, the plants will die.
...
Remember!!!

was
Unless

were

If …. not

Future in the past
would, could, should, might

will
• http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/c
onditional2.htm
• http://www.englischhilfen.de/en/grammar/if.htm
• http://andth...
•

FB:

Line:
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Conditional sentences

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Three types of conditional sentences.

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Conditional sentences

  1. 1. Conditional sentences If
  2. 2. Conditional sentences Condition Clause Result
  3. 3. Conditional • If-clause • Main clause If-clause comma(,) If you learn harder, you will succeed. • Main clause comma(,)
  4. 4. ???
  5. 5. 1. The first conditional: Future Possible 2. The second conditional: Present Unreal 3. The third conditional: Past Unreal
  6. 6. 1.The first conditional: Future Possible 1.1 >>> If Present Sim, Present Sim. 1.2 >>> 1.3 >>> If Present Sim, Future Sim. If Present Sim, Imperative. Future Possible
  7. 7. 1.1 >>> If Present Sim, Present Sim. If + S + V1(s, es) + _____ , S + V1(s, es) + _____. If-clause at the beginning: - If ice is heated, it melts. - If we heat water, it boils. If-clause at the end: - Metal expands if we heat it. - I often go to a department store if I have a day off from work.
  8. 8. 1.2 >>> If Present Sim, Future Sim. If + S + V1(s, es) + ____ , S + will + V infinitive + ____. If-clause at the beginning: - If he gets a job, he will buy a new car. If-clause at the end: - I will go to Paris if I have time. will can, may, must, ought to - If she borrows your money, you ought to lend it to her. - You may see him if you go with me this night.
  9. 9. 1.3 >>> If Present Sim, Imperative. If + S + V1(s, es) + _____ , V infinitive + _____. Main clause If-clause at the beginning: - If you hear anything, keep quiet. - If he comes back, call me please. If-clause at the end: - Please buy me some native clothes if you go to Chiang Mai. - Pick me up if you go to downtown.
  10. 10. 2.The second conditional: Present Unreal 2. >>> If Past Sim, Future in the past  Future Future in the past S + will + V infinitive + ____. Future in the past would, could, should, might will
  11. 11. 2. >>> If Past Sim, Future in the past If + S + V2 + ____ , S + would + V infinitive + ____. could should might If-clause at the beginning: - If dogs had wings, they would be able to fly. If-clause at the end: - I would check your health if I were a doctor. I were I was were
  12. 12. 3.The third conditional: Past Unreal 3. >>> If Past Perfect, Future Perfect in the past  the past Future Perfect in Future Perfect S + will + have + V3 + ____. Future Perfect in the past will would, could, should, might
  13. 13. 3. >>> If Past Perfect, Future Perfect in the past If + S + had + V3 + ___, S + would + have + V3 + ___. could should might If-clause at the beginning: - If we had played a little better, we could have won the game. If-clause at the end: - You wouldn’t have had an accident if you had driven more carefully.
  14. 14. 1. First conditional: If I have enough money, I will go to Japan. 2. Second conditional: If I had enough money, I would go to Japan. 3. Third conditional: If I had had enough money, I would have gone to Japan.
  15. 15. !!! Unless Unless If…….not = If there is no water, the plants will die. >> Unless there is water, the plants will die. Tim will miss the bus if he doesn’t get up early. >>Tim will miss the bus unless he gets up early.
  16. 16. Remember!!!  was Unless were If …. not Future in the past would, could, should, might will
  17. 17. • http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/c onditional2.htm • http://www.englischhilfen.de/en/grammar/if.htm • http://andthey.blogspot.com/2012/10/conditionalsentences-english-task-part.html
  18. 18. • FB: Line: klanpod

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