Good governance and sound governance in indonesia1
SHAHRIL BUDIMAN | 810089JUNRIANA | 810058RAJA ABUMANSHUR MATRIDI | 810083Political Process & Administration |Sunday, 2 June 2013
Population 237.6 Million508 Regency/CityEconomic Growth 6.23 % in 2012More than 1,128 Ethnic Groups16th Largest Country in theWorld6th Religion(Moslem, Buddha, Hindu, Konghucu, Christian,Catholic)One of the most largest MoslemPopulation
Understanding Good Governance• According to UNDP (United National development Planning),“Good Governance is practical application of managementauthority affairs. Administration of the state politically,economically and administratively at all levels”.• According to World Bank, “Good Governance is the manner inwhich power is exercised in the management of a country’seconomic and social resources for development”.• According to Asian Development Bank (AsDB), “Good Governanceis the manner in which power is exercised in the management of acountry’s economic and social resources for development”.
In practice good governance involves promoting the rule of law, toleranceof minority and opposition groups, transparent political processes, anindependent judiciary, an impartial police force, a military that is strictlysubject to civilian control. A free press and vibrant civil societyinstitutions, as well as meaningful elections.Above all, good governance means respect for human rightsGood governance will be an important determinant of the step andcharacter of economic development in the next decade.Therefore, without good governance economic growth would bestifled.Understanding Good Governance
Good Governance MissionGood governance ensures that political,social and economic priorities are basedon broad consensus in society and that thevoices of the poorest and the most vulnerable areheard in decision-making over the allocation ofdevelopment resources.
8 Characteristics Good GovernanceConsensus OrientedEquityEffectiveness & EfficiencyAccountabilityParticipatoryRule of LawTransparencyResponsiveness
Sound Governance Main ActorsGood Governance Main ActorsInternationalRelation
Participate• Bottom – Up Modelfor NationalDevelopmentPlanningRule of Law• Law Institution• Law Enforcement• Synergy betweenPolice and othersagencyTransparency• Public ServiceStandard• Open Informationfor PublicResponsiveness• EmpoweringSociety• Economic based onSocietyConsensusOriented• MutualUnderstandingbetweenStakeholdersand “grassroots”Equity• Promoting equalitygender inparliamentary• Access to healthy,education,infrastructureEffectiveness &Efficiency• Public expenditure• GovernmentexpensesAccountable• Measurementinput and output• Accountabilityreport• Controlling• Reward &PunishmentGood Governance Practicesin Indonesia
The Roots Problem of Good GovernanceC = CorruptionM = Monopoly of PowerDiscretion of Power = DAccountability = AC = M + D - A
Sound Governance requires adaptability, capacity building anddevelopment, innovations in policy and management; and asound administrative system that is dynamic, flexible, diversein character, and solid in structure and value orientations(Farazmand, 2004)Short History of Sound Governance-As a opposed-A responses toward critic by Julius K. Nyerere (President ofTanzania) to GG.-Concept of SG is a scientific concept that adopted by PersiaempireSOUND GOVERNANCE
Actors in SG-State-Private-Society-International factorTargets Level in SG-Local-National-Regional-InternationalSOUND GOVERNANCE
Principle of GG by UNDPWorld GovernanceIndicators by WorldBankSound Governance(Ali Farazmand, 2004)1. Participation2. Rule of law3. Transparency4. Responsive5. ConsensusOrientation6. Equity7. Effectiveness andEfficiency8. Accountability9. Strategic Vision1. Voice &Accountability2. Political Stabilityand Lack ofViolence3. GovernmentEffectiveness4. Regulatory Quality5. Rule of Law6. Control ofCorruption1. Process2. Structure3. Cognition and Values4. Constitution5. Organization andinstitution6. Management andperformance7. Policy8. Sector9. International orglobalization forces10. Ethic, Accountability andTransparencyGOOD .vs. SOUNDGOVERNANCE?What are Differences?
Conclusion• Good Governance for creating Good Government.• The Good Government consist as better government, cleangovernment from “Diseases”.• Connectivity between State, Society and Private Sector• The concept of sound governance as innovation of goodgovernance.• In sound governance has two things according to promotinggood government consists as:a. International Relation/Support.b. Local Wisdom.
THANKS FORTHE ATTENTIONCOMMENT, CRITICS, DISCUSSION, SUGGESTIONGOOD GOVERNANCE ANDSOUND GOVERNANCE INI N D O N E S I A