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Chinese Traditional Music
http://allegroarts.co.uk/world-musicians/chinese-instruments/
Map of People’s Republic of China
http://www.maps-world.net/southern-asia.htm
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green;
claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light gre...
Flag of the People’s Republic of China
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China#/media/File:Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_...
National Emblem of the People’s Republic of China
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China#/media/File:National_Emblem_of_the_P...
A brief summary of P.R. China
Official language: Standard Chinese
Recognized regional languages: Mongolian, Uyghur,
Tibeta...
China's First Emperor, Qin Shi Huang, is famed for having united the
Warring States' walls to form the Great Wall of China...
Mao Zedong (毛泽东 December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976), also
known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary ...
CNY 100 = USD 14.48 or THB 472.35 [23 Dec 2018]
https://www.banknotenews.com/files/tag-china.php
https://transferwise.com/...
Chinese Traditional Costume
http://www.onesimplegown.com/product/traditional-chinese-wedding-dress-and-groom-wear//
National Flower: Although People’s Republic of China has not officially
declared a national flower, everyone in China know...
The Chinese dragon is a legendary creature appearing in Chinese
mythology and folklore. The dragon has many animal-like fo...
A giant panda, China's most famous endangered and endemic species,
at the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding in...
Music of China refers to the music of the Chinese people,
which may be the music of the Han Chinese as well as other
ethni...
According to Wikipedia, Chinese musical instruments were
traditionally grouped into 8 categories known as bayin (八音).
The ...
Top 10 Chinese Musical Instruments
Chinese musical instruments can trace its history to several
thousand years ago. Each o...
1. Erhu (Chinese two-stringed fiddle ) 二胡
The Erhu (or Chinese violin) is a kind of two-stringed bowed musical
instrument....
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dhic2cE57iM
2. Guzheng (Chinese Zither) 古筝
The Guzheng is a Chinese plucked zither. It is made of 18-23 or more
strings and movable br...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=62Y7BXIuX6Y
3. Dizi (Chinese bamboo flute) 笛子
The Dizi (or Bamboo Flute) is a Chinese style flute. Dizi is made of
bamboo, the body ha...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0VaFUjnZP40
4. Suona 唢呐
The Suona, also called Laba, is double-reed woodwind instrument. It can
produce particularly loud and high-pit...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OLtowZj-u6A
5. Big Drum 大鼓
Big Drum is usually a stretched hide over a hollow vessel. Player use two
bamboo or wood sticks to beat the...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8RMvWIl50Lw
6. Xiao 箫
The Xiao is a Chinese vertical flute with blow-hole at one end. Xiao is
usually made of dark brown bamboo and ca...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CML6RnIZ3gE
7. Hulusi 葫芦丝
The Hulusi is a free reed wind solo instrument that is very popular among
the Dai and the Yi minorities in s...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=unXUQpRiHXQ
8. Pipa (Chinese lute) 琵琶
The Pipa is a four-stringed Chinese musical instrument. It has 16 frets
and a pear-shaped wooden...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5zwYkqhUxRQ
9. Sheng 笙
The Sheng is a mouth-blown free reed instrument. It is usually made of
17 bamboo pipes set in a small wind-ches...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_iR-KrbeFs0
10. Guqin 古琴
The Guqin is a plucked seven-string zither. It has a history of some 3000
years. In ancient China, it has bee...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2V73rzInkCA
Xun is one of the oldest Chinese musical instruments. It has a history
of more than 7,000 years. The instrument has been d...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jyR9WLf82zE
Guqin is also known as the Seven-stringed Qin. There is an ancient story
behind this intriguing instrument. During the spr...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tlsev6ZepqE
Ancient Chinese chimes: Chinese archeologists found in the tomb of
King Yi of the Zeng State a huge underground music pala...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lov9kvphqfM
Konghou: The Konghou is an ancient Chinese, plucked string instrument. It is not of
Chinese origin, but was introduced to ...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7MXE0TrLyig&t=13s
Liuqin – ancient Chinese instrument reminding of a mandolin
Liuqin is a smaller version of pipa with four strings, which s...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSij9pzxBXA
References:
1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China
2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_China
3. https://en.wikipedia...
A Chinese woman in Tang
Dynasty-style attire playing
traditional Chinese musical
instrument
https://i.pinimg.com/originals...
Chinese traditional music slide share-version
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This presentation aims to provide non-native English speakers to enhance their English reading skill on Chinese music instruments as well as college students who want to study English for specific purpose in the field of music. I would like to thanks all writers and contributors who provide information and pictures used in this presentation.

Chinese traditional music slide share-version

  1. 1. Chinese Traditional Music http://allegroarts.co.uk/world-musicians/chinese-instruments/
  2. 2. Map of People’s Republic of China http://www.maps-world.net/southern-asia.htm
  3. 3. Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China#/media/File:People%27s_Republic_of_China_(orthographic_projection).svg
  4. 4. Flag of the People’s Republic of China https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China#/media/File:Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg
  5. 5. National Emblem of the People’s Republic of China https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China#/media/File:National_Emblem_of_the_People%27s_ Republic_of_China_(2).svg
  6. 6. A brief summary of P.R. China Official language: Standard Chinese Recognized regional languages: Mongolian, Uyghur, Tibetan, Zhuang, and various others Capital: Beijing Currency: Renminbi (Yuan) (CNY) Population: 1,403,500,365 (2016- estimate) – 1st Ethnic groups: Han (91.5%), and 55 minorities Religion: Non-religions/Chinee folk religion 73.56%, Buddhism (15.87% and others Proclamation of the People’s Republic: 1 October 1949 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China
  7. 7. China's First Emperor, Qin Shi Huang, is famed for having united the Warring States' walls to form the Great Wall of China. Most of the present structure, however, dates to the Ming dynasty. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China#/media/File:Chinesische-mauer.jpg
  8. 8. Mao Zedong (毛泽东 December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976), also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. His theories, military strategies, and political policies are collectively known as Maoism. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mao_Zedong
  9. 9. CNY 100 = USD 14.48 or THB 472.35 [23 Dec 2018] https://www.banknotenews.com/files/tag-china.php https://transferwise.com/gb/currency-converter/cny-to-usd-rate?amount=100
  10. 10. Chinese Traditional Costume http://www.onesimplegown.com/product/traditional-chinese-wedding-dress-and-groom-wear//
  11. 11. National Flower: Although People’s Republic of China has not officially declared a national flower, everyone in China knows that the Republic’s unofficial national flower is peony (Paeonia Suffruticosa) also called 牡丹 (mǔdān) or 富贵花 (fùguìhuā) “flower of riches and honour”, 花王 (huawang) “king of the flowers”, and is used symbolically in Chinese art and is considered as a symbol of prosperity. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Flower_of_the_Republic_of_China https://www.whiteflowerfarm.com/paeonia-suffruticosa-asuka
  12. 12. The Chinese dragon is a legendary creature appearing in Chinese mythology and folklore. The dragon has many animal-like forms, including those resembling turtles and fish, but is usually depicted as a snake with four legs. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_symbols_of_China Illustration of Traditional Chinese Dragon copyright : Teerapat Pattanasoponpong https://www.123rf.com/photo_73556326_stock-vector-illustration-of-traditional-chinese-dragon
  13. 13. A giant panda, China's most famous endangered and endemic species, at the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding in Sichuan https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China#/media/File:Giant_Panda_Eating.jpg
  14. 14. Music of China refers to the music of the Chinese people, which may be the music of the Han Chinese as well as other ethnic minorities within mainland China. It also includes music produced by people of Chinese origin in some territories outside mainland China using traditional Chinese instruments or in the Chinese language. It covers a highly diverse range of music from the traditional to the modern. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_China Re-enactment of a traditional music performance at Hubei Provincial Museum in Wuhan. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_China#/media/File:ConcertGroupPano.jpg
  15. 15. According to Wikipedia, Chinese musical instruments were traditionally grouped into 8 categories known as bayin (八音). The eight categories are: silk, bamboo, wood, stone, metal, clay, gourd and skin. There are other instruments which may not fit these groups. Each category consists of many different kinds of instruments. In this presentation, I would like to show top instruments as described in chinawhisper.com & ancientpages.com https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Chinese_musical_instruments https://www.vectorstock.com/royalty-free-vector/set-of-chinese-musical-instruments-vector-21256595
  16. 16. Top 10 Chinese Musical Instruments Chinese musical instruments can trace its history to several thousand years ago. Each of them produces a different and unique sound and effect. These musical instruments not only entertain people but also play an important part in traditional Chinese culture. Now let us have a look at 10 famous Chinese music instruments: http://www.chinawhisper.com/top-10-chinese-musical-instruments http://www.ancientpages.com/2016/01/20/10-ancient-chinese-musical-instruments-you-didnt-know-about/
  17. 17. 1. Erhu (Chinese two-stringed fiddle ) 二胡 The Erhu (or Chinese violin) is a kind of two-stringed bowed musical instrument. Its history can be dated back to Tang Dynasty over 1,000 years ago. Erhu can be used as a solo performance as well as in small musical groups and large orchestras. It is one of the most popular bowed string instruments used by many ethnic groups in China. Credit: http://www.chinawhisper.com/top-10-chinese-musical-instruments/ https://www.amazon.com/Instrument-Chinese-Violin-Fiddle-Accessories/dp/B00BS4TR6A
  18. 18. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dhic2cE57iM
  19. 19. 2. Guzheng (Chinese Zither) 古筝 The Guzheng is a Chinese plucked zither. It is made of 18-23 or more strings and movable bridges. People believe that it has been invented during the Warring States Period (475-221 BC). The performer pluck the strings at the right portion with right hand, and left hand presses the string on the left side of the bridge to produce pitch ornamentation and vibrato. The skilled player can create sounds that can evoke the sense of waterfall, thunder, and even the scenic countryside. Credit: http://www.chinawhisper.com/top-10-chinese-musical-instruments/ P http://www.absolutechinatours.com/china-travel/Guzheng.html
  20. 20. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=62Y7BXIuX6Y
  21. 21. 3. Dizi (Chinese bamboo flute) 笛子 The Dizi (or Bamboo Flute) is a Chinese style flute. Dizi is made of bamboo, the body has six finger-holes, one blow-hole, and an extra hole between them covered by a thin membrane of reed. Dizi is a classical Chinese musical instrument widely used many genres of Chinese music. It is also very popular among the common Chinese people as it is easier to make and play than other music instruments. Credit: http://www.chinawhisper.com/top-10-chinese-musical-instruments/ https://www.amazon.com/OrientalMusicSanctuary-Bitter-Bamboo-Flute- Beginners/dp/B072C49L7Z
  22. 22. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0VaFUjnZP40
  23. 23. 4. Suona 唢呐 The Suona, also called Laba, is double-reed woodwind instrument. It can produce particularly loud and high-pitched sound and is widely used in Chinese traditional music ensembles especially in northern China. It is can be played solo or many times together with Sheng, drums, and other instruments in wedding and funeral ceremonies. Credit: http://www.chinawhisper.com/top-10-chinese-musical-instruments/ www.chineseshop.ge
  24. 24. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OLtowZj-u6A
  25. 25. 5. Big Drum 大鼓 Big Drum is usually a stretched hide over a hollow vessel. Player use two bamboo or wood sticks to beat the drum. From ancient to modern times, Big Drum has always been a folk musical instrument liked by people around the country. It is widely used in the occasions of celebration, military, entertainment and festival, etc. Credit: http://www.chinawhisper.com/top-10-chinese-musical-instruments/
  26. 26. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8RMvWIl50Lw
  27. 27. 6. Xiao 箫 The Xiao is a Chinese vertical flute with blow-hole at one end. Xiao is usually made of dark brown bamboo and can produce graceful and mellow sound suitable for both solo playing and chamber music ensembles. It is believed that the earliest Xiao was used by the Qiang people of Southwest China during the Han Dynasty (206 BC.- 220 AD). Credit: http://www.chinawhisper.com/top-10-chinese-musical-instruments/ https://www.aliexpress.com/item/Professional-Purple-Bamboo-Flute-Xiao-Instrument-Chinese-Shakuhachi-2-Sections/32306563764.html
  28. 28. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CML6RnIZ3gE
  29. 29. 7. Hulusi 葫芦丝 The Hulusi is a free reed wind solo instrument that is very popular among the Dai and the Yi minorities in southwest Yunnan provinces. It is made of three bamboo pipes and a gourd chest; the center pipe has finger holes and the outer two are drone pipes. Hulusi has very pure, clarinet- like sound and is ideal for expressing soft and tender feelings. Credit: http://www.chinawhisper.com/top-10-chinese-musical-instruments/
  30. 30. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=unXUQpRiHXQ
  31. 31. 8. Pipa (Chinese lute) 琵琶 The Pipa is a four-stringed Chinese musical instrument. It has 16 frets and a pear-shaped wooden body. It is able to express various emotions such as portraying battles and great tension or expressing tones on sad songs or love ballads. Pipa has a long history in China and is believed to have existed about two thousand years ago in China. Credit: http://www.chinawhisper.com/top-10-chinese-musical-instruments/
  32. 32. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5zwYkqhUxRQ
  33. 33. 9. Sheng 笙 The Sheng is a mouth-blown free reed instrument. It is usually made of 17 bamboo pipes set in a small wind-chest. Its history can be traced back to 1100 BC. This mouth-blown instrument has a delightful, lyrical sound and it is traditionally played as an accompaniment to Suona or Dizi. Credit: http://www.chinawhisper.com/top-10-chinese-musical-instruments/
  34. 34. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_iR-KrbeFs0
  35. 35. 10. Guqin 古琴 The Guqin is a plucked seven-string zither. It has a history of some 3000 years. In ancient China, it has been favored by scholars as an instrument of elevating spirit. It is often regarded by the Chinese as “the father of Chinese music”, however, only a small number of people can play the instrument, because musical education of Guqin has never really reached general public. Credit: http://www.chinawhisper.com/top-10-chinese-musical-instruments/
  36. 36. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2V73rzInkCA
  37. 37. Xun is one of the oldest Chinese musical instruments. It has a history of more than 7,000 years. The instrument has been discovered along the Yangtze River and the Yellow River as Neolithic relics, and is believed to have been very popular in ancient China. Ancient people used a kind of oval stone with naturally formed holes on it to hunt the preys. When thrown it at the animals, the stone produced a whistling sound as the air flowed through the holes, which could have provided inspiration for early wind instruments. Credit:http://www.ancientpages.com/2016/01/20/10-ancient-chinese-musical-instruments-you-didnt-know-about/ In addition, the website http://www.ancientpages.com shows additional Chinese ancient instruments as follows;
  38. 38. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jyR9WLf82zE
  39. 39. Guqin is also known as the Seven-stringed Qin. There is an ancient story behind this intriguing instrument. During the spring and autumn Period (770 B.C. - 476 B.C.), there was a man named Yu Boya, who was a famous music master at that time. He happened to meet Zhong Ziqi. Whatever Yu played, Zhong could understand very well and so they became bosom friends. They decided to meet again the next year. Unfortunately, Zhong died before they could meet. Yu played at Zhong's graveyard for the last time and crashed his Guqin. He decided never to play the Guqin any more to show his deep friendship to Zhong and how difficult to meet a bosom friend. http://www.ancientpages.com/2016/01/20/10-ancient-chinese-musical-instruments-you-didnt-know-about/
  40. 40. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tlsev6ZepqE
  41. 41. Ancient Chinese chimes: Chinese archeologists found in the tomb of King Yi of the Zeng State a huge underground music palace located in Hubei Province in 1978. The chime bells of King Yi of the Zeng State are now preserved in Hubei Provincial Museum. Credit:http://www.ancientpages.com/2016/01/20/10-ancient-chinese-musical-instruments-you-didnt-know-about/
  42. 42. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lov9kvphqfM
  43. 43. Konghou: The Konghou is an ancient Chinese, plucked string instrument. It is not of Chinese origin, but was introduced to China from the West during the Han Dynasty about 2,000 years ago. According to historical records, it was divided into the horizontal konghou and the vertical konghou because of difference in shape. Credit:http://www.ancientpages.com/2016/01/20/10-ancient-chinese-musical-instruments-you-didnt-know-about/ http://www.chineseculture.net/musicmall/instruments/htmls/others/konghou.htm
  44. 44. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7MXE0TrLyig&t=13s
  45. 45. Liuqin – ancient Chinese instrument reminding of a mandolin Liuqin is a smaller version of pipa with four strings, which sound similar to mandolin. Throughout its history, the liuqin came in variations ranging from two (which only had a range of one and a half octaves) to four strings. However, the earliest precursor of the modern four-stringed version of the instrument appeared and experienced popularity during the Qing Dynasty. This version had two strings, and was only used for accompaniment purposes in traditional operas, as mentioned before. Credit:http://www.ancientpages.com/2016/01/20/10-ancient-chinese-musical-instruments-you-didnt-know-about/
  46. 46. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSij9pzxBXA
  47. 47. References: 1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China 2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_China 3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Chinese_musical_instruments 4. http://www.chinawhisper.com/top-10-chinese-musical-instruments 5. http://www.ancientpages.com/2016/01/20/10-ancient-chinese-musical- instruments-you-didnt-know-about/ 6. https://www.pinterest.com/pin/421368108861460750/ 7. https://www.aliexpress.com/item/Professional-Purple-Bamboo-Flute- Xiao-Instrument-Chinese-Shakuhachi-2-Sections/32306563764.html 8. https//youtube.com
  48. 48. A Chinese woman in Tang Dynasty-style attire playing traditional Chinese musical instrument https://i.pinimg.com/originals/46/d5/e4/46d5e 4ea54845e3d73fdcd64b119a5f6.jpg Thank for Watching
  • DaniloSagun

    Sep. 16, 2019

This presentation aims to provide non-native English speakers to enhance their English reading skill on Chinese music instruments as well as college students who want to study English for specific purpose in the field of music. I would like to thanks all writers and contributors who provide information and pictures used in this presentation.

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