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POB SBA on Production

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I got 31/40 on this excellent piece.. SO i hope you who ae using it as a guide find it very helpful. And good luck!!

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POB SBA on Production

  1. 1. Candidate Name: Regina Lianna Bell School Registration #: Centre #: Territory: Jamaica Date: February 11, 2016 Teacher: Ms.Mckay
  2. 2. Table of Contents Pages Acknowledgement……………………………………………………………………. i Introduction…………………………………………………………………………… ii Profile One Description of the Business…………………………………………………………… 1 Profile Two Justification of Location………………………………………………………………. 2 Profile Three Selection of Appropriate Labour……………………………………………………… 3 Profile Four Sources of Fixed and Working Capital………………………………………………. 4 Profile Five Role of the Entrepreneur……………………………………………………………… 5 Profile Six Type of Production…………………………………………………………………… 6 Profile Seven Levels of Production…………………………………………………………………. 7 Profile Eight Quality Control Measures……………………………………………………………. 8 Profile Nine Use of Technology…………………………………………………………………… 9 Profile Ten Linkage……………………………………………………………………………….. 10 Profile Eleven Potential for Growth…………………………………………………………………… 11 Profile Twelve Government Regulations………………………………………………………………. 12 Profile Thirteen Ethical Issues…………………………………………………………………………… 13 Bibliography………………………………………………………………
  3. 3. Acknowledgement The researcher would like to thank God Almighty for giving her the health and strength she needed to complete this Principles of Business School Based Assessment (S.B.A.). Also the researcher would like to extend her gratitude to Ms.McKay for giving her this assignment and for Ms.James who guided her along the path. The researcher would love to say a big thank you to her mother and brother who encouraged her along the way. The researcher extends her gratitude to everyone who guided and assisted her throughout the course of this assessment. Thank you. i
  4. 4. Introduction Inside this School Based Assessment (S.B.A) you will see the entrepreneur’s plans and objectives for their prospective business Lia’s Bake Your Day Pastries. You will also find information on the description of the business; location; how capital will be obtained; and roles and functions of the entrepreneur. This project will help others who read it by allowing them to know the necessary steps they should take, if they are interested in operating a business of their own. Ii
  5. 5. Profile One Description of the Business This type of business will be a pastry business. This is a sole trader organization and will be named Lia’s Bake Your Day Pastries. L.B.Y.D.P business is targeting the local market and is for both kids and adults of all ages. The mission is to produce high quality cakes for all occasions, cost effectively; in an environment that is safe, clean and friendly for our employees and community members. The integrity of this business is based on the principles of the cakes produced, that they are satisfying to the consumers, conscientious employees, and our commitments to innovative growth and development. Lia’s Bake Your Day Pastries will bring services to the neighbouring schools in its vicinity, also we will be catering for weddings, birthday parties, cocktails and anniversary specials. The type of industry this business will be involved in is linkage industry, because L.B.Y.D.P will be connected with Janet’s Wholesale Supermarket located in the neighbouring vicinity of Southfield where both businesses depends on each other to obtain their goods. This business is owned and operated by Regina Bell. Our contacts are as follows: E-mail- regina.bell54@yahoo.com, Contact:- 965-2201-7 Opening Hours are: On Monday-Friday 9:00 to 4:30 and on Saturdays from 8:00-3:00 Sundays: Closed.
  6. 6. 1 Profile Two Justification of Location Lia’s Bake Your Day Pastries will be located in Lover’s Leap Saint Elizabeth neighbouring the lighthouse. This location was chosen for three reasons:  For market pull for customers from a neighbouring Guest House and tourists exploring the 1700 foot cliff overhanging the sea, and the area is always filled with people from the adjoining communities.  Transport access, also this area was chosen because it is close to the shipping port, ‘Port Kaiser’, so this business can save money on transporting goods from a distance to ship to other islands so it is cheaper for importing and exporting goods.  For linkage industries, there will be help in getting the raw materials from a nearby business place in Southfield that sells goods by wholesale. 2
  7. 7. Profile Three Selection of Appropriate Labour Lia’s Bake Your Day Pastries will have approximately 10 workers. There will be 2 skilled workers, 6 semi-skilled workers and 2 unskilled workers. The skilled workers are as follows:  There will be 1 ingredient mixer whose importance in a bakery is to be accurate in the amount of ingredients used into the batter and for creating a new taste for each pastry and also to create new and different kinds of cakes.  1 baker whose importance in a bakery is to ensure that the correct time is set in order to prevent burning of the cakes and bake the cakes in different shapes and sizes to catch the eyes of the consumers. The semi-skilled workers includes:  The truck operators, the business has 2 trucks with 3 workers each, one driving and the other two is to load and unload. The importance of the truck operators are that they transport the product and distributes it out to the consumers. The unskilled are the 2 janitors who clean the building. Their importance towards this bakery is to ensure that the building is kept clean and sanitized inside out because it is a business that enrols food handling. Reason or choosing this labour force is because it is one of the most suitable for this kind of business. 3
  8. 8. Profile Four Sources of Fixed and Working Capital The fixed capitals that will be involved in this business are: The building, the machinery other equipment such as the commercial ovens, refrigerators etc. along with the company’s trucks. The building will be used to facilitate the machinery and the workers to produce the goods. The machinery will be used in helping to create a finished product (cakes). And other equipment will be used for storage. The trucks will be used to transport or to make a delivery of the products from the bakery for sale island wide. In order to create this business, the entrepreneur will be using her personal savings of JMD$2.5million for starting. Working capital is the capital of a business which is used in its day to day operations. For E.g. money, sugar, flour, etc. Also, a soft loan will be borrowed in order to keep the business financially stable and for the day to day operations of the business. 4
  9. 9. Profile Five Role of the Entrepreneur Lia’s Bake Your Day Pastries is owned by Regina Bell. The entrepreneur is commonly seen as the business leader and innovator of ideas and the business processed. Roles of this personnel includes:  To bear all risks and to supervise the operations of the business.  Organizes the factors of production to create the cakes and provide special services for consumers.  Ensure that everything such as all the equipment and machinery are all in place for the operation of the business each day.  Developing proposals for the future activities of the business. 5
  10. 10. Profile 6 Type of Production Lia’s Bake Your Day Pastries will be involved in the Secondary Production, where this involves the conversion of the raw materials such as wheat extracted from the earth and processed into flour and also sugarcane for example, reaped and converted into sugar for the making of the cakes, where the sugar is the sweetener and the flour is a major part of the batter. L.B.Y.D.P will be involved in this type of production because the raw materials needed for this business operation will be obtained from other Janet’s Wholesale Supermarket in neighbouring vicinity of Southfield in order to create delicious cakes. Therefore this business will be involved in Secondary Production. 6
  11. 11. Profile Seven Levels of Production Lia’s Bake Your Day Pastries will be a part of the Domestic level of Production. This is where the cakes produced, will be of great services in the community for special parties and be sold to the neighbouring restaurants to satisfy domestic wants. This bakery will be producing cakes locally, so therefore, L.B.Y.D.P will be at the domestic level. 7
  12. 12. Profile Eight Quality Control Measures Lia’s Bake Your Day Pastries will produce desserts low on calories. Two most important quality control measures will be adhered to are:  To bring in health specialists to check the machines to make sure they are properly cleaned and in good working state for baking of cakes.  And also, a pastry test will be done, where a specialist tastes the cakes after it has been through the production process to ensure consistency. 8
  13. 13. Profile Nine Use of Technology The two types of technologies that will be used in this business are:  The commercial ovens that will be used to bake the cakes. These ovens operates faster than the usual stove ovens. These ovens are operated by the skilled workers after the batter is mixed where they will be placed in the oven in order to meet the desire of a finished product.  Also, the electrical machine mixers used by the ingredient mixer to mix the batter in order for it to be poured into a container to be put into the commercial ovens for baking. 9
  14. 14. Profile Ten Linkage Lia’s Bake Your Day Pastries will be involved in the backward linkage. L.B.Y.D.P will be using sugar and other raw materials needed for baking from Janet’s Wholesale Supermarket into the bakery. The benefit being gained from backward linkage is that by using the sugar for e.g. as a sweetener for our cakes so that they will be rich in taste in order to satisfy the consumers. 10
  15. 15. Profile Eleven Potential Growth Lia’s Bake Your Day Pastries, grows both internally and externally. L.B.Y.D.P will grow internally by upgrading the business with new and improved technological machines and will be able to afford more skilled and semi-skilled workers for the operation of these newly equipped machines. To expand externally, L.B.Y.D.P have small branches throughout the island in rural areas. Also, will the business merge with a much larger and well known industry in which profits are increasing and so are the customers. 11
  16. 16. Profile Twelve Government Regulations Lia’s Bake Your Day Pastries will be legally licensed to operate and also this consists of being passed by a legal Health Inspector. The Health Inspector has to check both the hygiene of the environment and the employees. This will have a huge impact on the business because in order to work with food, you need a healthy environment in which to operate. Also, the business will pay its taxes in order to contribute to the operating of the country. 12
  17. 17. Profile Thirteen Ethical Issues Ethical issues which relates to production in the business are transactions between the organization and the environment that leads to pollution and the diminishing of natural resources. This will affect the business positively, it helps us to stay in line with how we deal with our waste. L.B.Y.D.P will be disposing of their waste in a proper many. There will be a waste collecting truck assigned specially with the business to be collecting its wastes. This waste will be transported to the Mud Lake Dumpsite located in ALPART Saint Elizabeth. The way in which this disposal will be made will leave a positive effect on the persons living nearby the bakery, especially those with health issues, they won’t have any sort of problems arising from the waste from this bakery. 13
  18. 18. Bibliography  Wilson, Mark. Bowen, Patrice. Rogers, Anthony. Caribbean Business for CSEC Principles of Business. London, England: Oxford University Press 2010  Robinson, Karlene. Carlong Principles of Business for CSEC. Kingston, Jamaica: Carlong Publisher2011 14

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