2. Arduino is an open-source physical computing platform.
It is a small microcontroller board with a USB plug.
Based on a simple i/o board and a development environment that implements
the Processing/writing language.
Arduino can be used to develop stand-alone interactive objects or can be
connected to software on your computer.
Easy-to-use hardware and software.
It’s intended for students,artists,designers,hobbyists and anyone who tinker with
It is programmed in Arduino Programming language(APL) similar to C/C++.
Way more easy to program compared to other microcontroller packages.
The Arduino is a microcontroller development platform(not a microcontroller….)
It is the winner of “worlds best interaction award 2012” sponsered by google
3. Microcontrollers are small computers integrated into a single chip
1. Processing core
2. Flash Memory for program
3. I/O peripherals
5. Peripherals such as clocks,timers,PWM etc
Microprocessors are used for general purpose applications,while
microcontrollers are self sufficient and are used for specific tasks.
Microcontrollers are an example of embedded systems.
5. There are many versions of Arduino board.versions differ by
6. Printed circuit boards that sit atop an arduino
Plug into the normally supplied pin-headers of arduino.
These are expansions to the base Arduino.
For example:Arduino Ethernet shield,Xbee Shield,Touch Shield
7. Should be between 5V to 12V DC.
Must be rated for a minimum of 250mA current output.
Must have a 2.1mm power plug on the Arduino end.
The plug must be “centre positive”,that is,the middle pin of
the plug has to be the + connection
9. The arduino is programmed in C/c++ language.
These language are very simple and provides many
abstraction for simplicity of reading and writing powerfull
It provides a serial monitor to see the serial data from the USB
virtual COM port.
Allows one click compiling,verification and burning of code
onto the arduino.
10. Arduino has two reserved functions:
1. void setup()
2. void loop()
There is no pop-up display window,hence void draw() is not special.
Loop() can be considered to do the same thing as draw() for the arduino.
There are three types of variable in Arduino:
Arduino has a few reserved constants,which donot need to be defined:
1. HIGH//5 volts
2. LOW//0 volts
3. INPUT//pin is input
4. OUTPUT//pin is output
Conditional statements are the same as in Processing.
Functions can be defined the same as in Processing
11. Arduino boards can be controlled
Using an implementation of Wiring,
Which is a version of Processing
developed specifically for electronic
Arduino looks like Processing,but
is actually built in C,so there are a
few differences to look out for.
Arduino.IDE can be downloaded from
Currently used version is 004.
12. Open the IDE
Write code and logic
Click the verify/compile button to check your program for errors
Attach the arduino via USB to the PC
Install drivers if first time
Setup serial port being used.
Setup board which we need to program.
Click upload code to send code to arduino.
13. It is Open Source,both in terms of Hardware and Software.
It is cheap,(about $20,the cost of going out for pizza)
USB connectivity(MacBooks don’t have serial ports)
Simple and easy to use by someone without formal electronics
training.Editing and rewriting is often easier than writing from
scratch. That’s where the BeagleBoard falls short.”It has virtually no
example application that you can just copy and hack to learn from”.
We know simple is attractive.
16. Automatic traffic light
GPS receiver module
IoT Weather reporting system
Omni directional robotic arm vehincle
Bluetooth controlled home appliances
Pulse rate monitor
Seven segment LED dice
Surveillance security camera
Automatic fuel dispenser
Lilypad binary clock
17. In google annual conference “GOOGLE IO 2011”,android executive
announced its most ambitious venture “ANDROID OPEN ACCESSORY”
They want to bring ANROID out of mobile phone/devices to real
ANDROID sees the true potential of ARDUINO!!!
They are going to use arduino to interface with the real world
objects. Along with other sensors companies like LEADing science.
They call it ADK-ANDROID DEVELOPMENT KIT
21. To display the real scores of two teams with
Calling it “ELECTRONICS SCOREBOARD!!!”
22. There are lots of applications,devices
today…doing crazy things…most of us
wouldn’t have thought possible even 5 years
ago…with ARDUINO…instead of “FUTURE”,we
can dream “tomorrow”!!!...
And is worth including in academic studies!!
23. By Bamidele Samuel
Whatsapp no: +234 8134523227