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DBCP-36-ppt-Breakout Session-3 Environmental Stewardship breakout session_DBCP36.pptx

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DBCP-36-ppt-Breakout Session-3 Environmental Stewardship breakout session_DBCP36.pptx

  1. 1. Environmental Stewardship DBCP-36 Breakout Session 8 October, 2020
  2. 2. WHAT IS ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARD? The responsible use and protection of the natural environment through conservation and sustainable practices to enhance ecosystem resilience and human well-being. • Action-oriented framework intended to foster sustainability of a rapidly changing planet. Three strategies of stewardship 1. Reduce the magnitude, exposure and sensitivity to known stresses; 2. Promote proactive policies of change; 3. Evade and escape unsustainable social-ecological traps
  3. 3. Five Stewardship Actions • Restore & Protect: recovery/preservation of damaged ecosystem to allow that ecosystem to evolve with minimal human influence (clean up liter, invasive species, establish marine reserve) * • Science stewardship: monitoring data to inform management of the natural resource.* • Community awareness: inform others in an effort to convince them to take action (presentations, social media)* • Civic action: Actions that inform public/organizational policy decisions that improve environmental outcomes for many (voting, engaging with officials) • Everyday lifestyle choices: Personal actions to reduce impact (reduce, reuse, recycle, research) * Relevant to DBCP members
  4. 4. Some Definitions • EIS: Environmental Impact Assessment, a legal tool to evaluate environmental impacts of project prior to decision making in order to prevent/reduce adverse impacts. 191 of the 193 member States of UN have adopted national EIA or signed an international legal instrument that refers to the use of EIA. • NEPA: National Environmental Policy Act, requires disclosure about the action, alternative, environmental effects & mitigation, impact must be considered, doesn’t prevent impact from occurring or guarantee favorable outcome
  5. 5. Three Levels of Documentation • CEC/CE: Categorical Exclusion, applies to actions that do not individually or cumulatively have an environmental impact. – 2 Basic Questions 1. Significant effect on the quality of the human environment? 2. Unresolved conflicts concerning alternative uses of available resources? • EA: Environmental Assessment, to address actions that are more complex, possibly “major”, than those addressed in CE’s and decide whether to prepare a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) or EIS • EIS: Environmental Impact Statement, required for “major Federal actions significantly affecting the quality of the human environment,”
  6. 6. NDBC Example • Purpose: provide baseline impacts on environmental resources • Propose actions & alternatives • Affected Environment – Physical, Biological & Cultural • Environmental Consequences • Cumulative Impacts • Coordination & Consultation
  7. 7. Maritime Agreements, Laws and Principles Relevant international law governing environmental protection can be categorized as: 1) Multilateral environmental agreements are binding international agreements to states bound by ratification: – United Nations Convention of the Law of Sea (UNCLOS), 1982 – International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, (Marpol), 1973/1978 – Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London Convention), 1972
  8. 8. Maritime Agreements, Laws and Principles 1) International trade agreements establish conditions to adopt laws that affect trade: – General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) – 1995 Marrakech Agreement established the World Trade Organization(WTO) 2) Soft law: international declarations/guidelines, they are non- binding, but persuasive, inspire and inform national legislation, and may reflect emerging international law. 3) Principles of international law and rules of customary international law: bind all States, except for those that object • Multilateral:
  9. 9. Maritime Agreements, Laws and Principles For more information: • Marine Scientific Research MSR • UNCLOS Law of the Sea • United Nations Environmental Program UNEP Marine Litter Legislation
  10. 10. DBCP Draft Strategy 2021-2025 Founded on six pillars of success, each of which will be realized by strategic objectives and associated actions: Pillar 4. Environmental protection Strategic Objective: Promote technologies and practices that reduce the impact of our operations on the environment Actions We will: • 4.1 Establish principles that minimize our impact on the environment • 4.2 Work with our ocean observing community to baseline our • environmental impact • 4.3 Report on progress with our actions to reduce our environmental impact • 4.4 Establish a task team focusing on environmental impacts
  11. 11. Questions to Consider • Does your nation or program have an established policy that promotes the enhancement or protection of the environment? • Has your program or observing system undertaken an environmental assessment to determine if a proposed action will have a significant impact on the environment? • Does marine scientific research warrant an exemption from a programmatic environmental assessment? • What do you view as the benefits and risks to your program of an environmental assessment? • What are some best practices that DBCP members can adopt to help minimize our impact on the environment?

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