Tech 4101 1


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Definition of Distance education

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Tech 4101 1

  1. 1. Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101Dr. Alaa SadikInstructional & Learning Technologies DepartmentAbir Almuqrashi (89407)Fatema ALHajri (89037)
  2. 2. Distance Educationand the InternetTECH4101Lecture One (Week 2)DefiningDistance Education Interactive Presentation
  3. 3. Defining Distance EducationBackground:The Industrial Revolution in the 19th century →Developments in various fields of technology →Offered new solutions for delivering instruction →Learners’ interests were enhanced →Increase in the subject areas offered by distanceeducation →Became one of the formal means of education.
  4. 4. Defining Distance EducationWhat is distance education or distance learning?Defining the meaning of distance education may provide a goodstarting point to recognise its elements.Use Google to search for:define: distance education:Distance education is oftentimes referred to as "Distance Learning" as well,and is simply defined as "a field of education focusing on the andragogy andpedagogy, instructional systems, and technology which endeavor to deliveran education to students who are not physically in a classroom or campussetting." In its simplest terms, it means earning a degree online.
  5. 5. Defining Distance EducationWhat is distance education or distance learning?distance education and distance learning have been usedalmost interchangeably and there is an overlap between them.However, used the term ‘distance education’ to mean asystematic approach involving the distance learningenvironment, educators and separated learners.
  6. 6. Defining Distance EducationWhat is distance education or distance learning?Distance education is a field of education that focuses onteaching methods and technology with the aim of deliveringteaching to students who are not physically present intraditional classroom. However, the distance learning morespecific than distance education. So the distance learning ispart of distance education.
  7. 7. Defining Distance EducationDistance education or distance learning?We think that, it is better to say distance education rather thansaying distance learning because, education word cover thewhole system including institutional dimension, pedagogicaldimension, and management dimension while learning as aword means the process of acquiring learners something newwhich could be as a part of pedagogical dimension that hasbeen covered by education word above.
  8. 8. Defining Distance EducationHistory of distance education and technology (old technology)The earliest version of distance education, developed in the mid-nineteenthcentury in Europe in 1840. In the United States during the nineteenthcentury, there were several opportunities in adult education prior to theadvent of university extension beyond campuses. In 1873, Anna Ticknow established a society that presented educational opportunities to women of all classes to study at home. Communication, teachingand learning all took place through printed materials sent through the mail.
  9. 9. Defining Distance EducationHistory of distance education and technology (moderntechnology)In the late 1970s and early 1980s, cableand satellite television came into use.The advent of the Internet and digitalapplications in the 1990s, combinedwith the changing demographics of the distance education learner, addeda whole new dimension to distance education. These new technologiesbring educational opportunity to the non-traditional student, and the lureof economic prosperity to higher educational institutions.
  10. 10. Defining Distance Education Time for Presentation
  11. 11. Defining Distance EducationIn conclusion, many key features characterizedistance education:1. The separation of teacher and learner;2. The separation among learners;3. The use of one medium to deliver instruction; and4. The use of a communication channel to facilitateinteraction and support learners.
  12. 12. The EndQuestions & DiscussionsRecourse: