World Diary 130505 地球日誌 The story of Austrians 奧地利人的故事 by Eddie

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World Diary 130505 地球日誌 The story of Austrians 奧地利人的故事 by Eddie

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  4. 4. • Area : 83,855 km2• Population : 8,414,638• Regional Language :• 2.3% Turkish• 2.2% Serbian• 1.6% Croatian• 5.3% Others (Slovene and Hungarian)• Ethnic groups (2011)• 81.1% Austrians• 7.0% ex-Yugoslavs• 4.0% Turks• 7.9% other / unspecified4
  5. 5. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧地利5
  6. 6. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧地利6
  7. 7. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧地利7
  8. 8. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧地利8
  9. 9. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧地利9
  10. 10. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧地利10
  11. 11. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧地利11
  12. 12. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧地利12
  13. 13. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧地利13
  14. 14. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧地利14
  15. 15. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧地利15
  16. 16. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧地利16
  17. 17. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧地利17
  18. 18. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧大利18
  19. 19. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧地利19
  20. 20. Beautiful Austria 美麗的奧地利20
  21. 21. • Settled in ancienttimes, the CentralEuropean land thatis now Austria wasoccupied in pre-Roman times byvarious Celtic tribes.• 凱爾特人,或譯為居爾特人、蓋爾特人、克爾特人或塞爾特人等。是公元前 2000年活動在中歐的一些有著共同的文化和語言特質的有親緣關係的民族的統稱。Map of Celts Expantion at IV-III centuries BC (ukrainian) 21
  22. 22. The Celtic kingdom of Noricum was later claimed by the RomanEmpire and made a province. 之後被羅馬帝國佔領。22
  23. 23. • The Habsburg Monarchy (or Habsburg Empire) is anunofficial appellation amongst historians for the countriesand provinces which were ruled by the junior Austrianbranch of the House of Habsburg (1278–1780), and thenby the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine (from1780), between 1526 and 1804.• 奧地利曾先後被古羅馬人、匈奴人、倫巴第人、東哥德人、巴伐利亞人和法蘭克人佔據。由 10 至 13 世紀( 1489 年)哈布斯堡家族進駐奧地利,從此至 1806 年神聖羅馬帝國覆亡之前,哈布斯堡家族便等同神聖羅馬帝國。23
  24. 24. • The Austro-HungarianCompromise of 1867, theAusgleich, provided for a dualsovereignty, the AustrianEmpire and the Kingdom ofHungary, under Franz JosephI.• The Austrian-Hungarian ruleof this diverse empireincluded various Slavicgroups including Croats,Czechs, Poles, Rusyns, Serbs,Slovaks, Slovenes andUkrainians, as well as largeItalian and Romaniancommunities.• 1867 年,為了化解普奧戰爭失利對帝國的衝擊,奧地利帝國又和匈牙利合併為一個共主邦聯──奧匈帝國,直到第一次世界大戰爆發。24
  25. 25. • On 15 May 1955, after talks which lasted for years and were influenced by the Cold War, Austria regained full independence byconcluding the Austrian State Treaty with the Four Occupying Powers. On 26 October 1955, after all occupation troops had left,Austria declared its "permanent neutrality" by an act of parliament.• 擊敗納粹德國後,同盟國軍事佔領奧地利,直到 1955 年奧地利國家條約簽訂為止。在宣 成為永久中立國之後,佔領軍撤軍,奧地利獲佈得獨立。 1989 年,東歐共產主義政權解體後,奧地利逐漸參與更多的歐洲一體化進程。奧地利於 1995 年加入歐盟,又於 1999 年加入歐元區。25
  26. 26. • Austria has been the birthplace of manyfamous composers such as JosephHaydn, Michael Haydn, Franz Liszt,Franz Schubert, Anton Bruckner,Johann Strauss, Sr. and Johann Strauss,Jr. as well as members of the SecondViennese School such as ArnoldSchoenberg, Anton Webern and AlbanBerg. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wasborn in Salzburg.• 奧地利產生過很多著名的作曲家,例如海頓、莫扎特、舒伯特、布魯克納、老約翰 · 施特勞斯、小約翰 · 施特勞斯、馬勒、荀貝克、維博恩、博格等。26
  27. 27. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791),baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, wasa prolific and influential composer of the Classical era.35 歲便英年早逝的莫札特,留下的重要作品總括當時所有的音樂類型。根據當代的考證顯示,在鋼琴和小提琴相關的創作,他無疑是一個天份極高的藝術家,譜出的協奏曲、交響曲、奏鳴曲、小夜曲、嬉遊曲等等成為後來古典音樂的主要形式,他同時也是歌劇方面的專家,他的成就至今不朽於時代的變遷。27
  28. 28. • Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)is often called the "Father ofthe Symphony" and "Fatherof the String Quartet"because of his importantcontributions to theseforms.• 海頓是繼巴赫之後的第一位偉大的器樂作曲家,是古典主義音樂的傑出代表。被譽稱交響樂之父和弦樂四重奏之父。• In 1739 he was brought tothe attention of Georg vonReutter, the director ofmusic in St. StephensCathedral in Vienna.• 1979 年,在此教堂,海頓開始引起注意。28
  29. 29. • Today, Schubert is seen asone of the leading exponentsof the early Romantic era inmusic and he remains one ofthe most frequentlyperformed composers.• (31 January 1797 – 19November 1828)• 法蘭茲 · 舒伯特 (1797 年 1 月31 日- 1828 年 11 月 19日)是奧地利作曲家,他是早期浪漫主義音樂的代表人物,也被認為是古典主義音樂的最後一位巨匠。29
  30. 30. Johann Strauss I (March 14, 1804 –September 25, 1849; Johann BaptistStrauß, Johann Strauss (Vater); alsoJohann Baptist Strauss, Johann Strauss,Sr., the Elder, the Father), was anAustrian Romantic composer famous forhis waltzes, and for popularizing themalongside Joseph Lanner, therebysetting the foundations for his sons tocarry on his musical dynasty.約翰 · 巴普蒂斯特 · 史特勞斯(德語:Johann Baptist Strauss , 1804 年 3 月14 日- 1849 年 9 月 25 日),通常被稱作約翰 · 史特勞斯一世或老約翰 · 史特勞斯,奧地利作曲家,和約瑟夫 · 蘭納一起普及了圓舞曲,並為其兒子小約翰 · 史特勞斯的卓越成就奠定了基礎,被稱為「圓舞曲之父」。30
  31. 31. • Johann Strauss II (October25, 1825 – June 3, 1899),also known as JohannBaptist Strauss or JohannStrauss, Jr., the Younger, orthe Son (German: Sohn),was an Austrian composerof light music, particularlydance music and operettas.• 約翰 · 巴普蒂斯特 · 史特勞斯(德語: Johann BaptistStrauss , 1825 年 10 月25 日- 1899 年 6 月 3日),因與其父同名,故通常稱為約翰 · 史特勞斯二世或小約翰 · 史特勞斯,奧地利作曲家,以圓舞曲作品最為著名,如《藍色多瑙河》。bronze monument of Johann Strauss II31
  32. 32. Elfriede is an Austrianplaywright and novelist. Shewas awarded the Nobel Prize inLiterature in 2004.諾貝爾文學獎得主32
  33. 33. Sigmund Freud (6 May 1856 –23 September 1939) was anAustrian neurologist whobecame known as the foundingfather of psychoanalysis.西格蒙德 · 佛洛伊德( 1856 年 5月 6 日- 1939 年 9 月 23 日),奧地利精神分析學家,猶太人。精神分析學的創始人。33
  34. 34. Beautiful Vienna 美麗的維也納34
  35. 35. Beautiful Vienna 美麗的維也納35
  36. 36. Beautiful Vienna 美麗的維也納36
  37. 37. Beautiful Vienna 美麗的維也納37
  38. 38. Beautiful Vienna 美麗的維也納38
  39. 39. Beautiful Vienna 美麗的維也納39
  40. 40. Beautiful Vienna 美麗的維也納40
  41. 41. Beautiful Vienna 美麗的維也納41
  42. 42. Beautiful Vienna 美麗的維也納42
  43. 43. Beautiful Vienna 美麗的維也納43
  44. 44. Beautiful Salzburg 美麗的薩爾斯堡44
  45. 45. Beautiful Salzburg 美麗的薩爾斯堡45
  46. 46. Beautiful Salzburg 美麗的薩爾斯堡46
  47. 47. Beautiful Salzburg 美麗的薩爾斯堡47
  48. 48. Beautiful Salzburg 美麗的薩爾斯堡48
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  54. 54. Beautiful Graz 美麗的葛瑞市54
  55. 55. Beautiful Graz 美麗的葛瑞市55
  56. 56. Beautiful Graz 美麗的葛瑞市56
  57. 57. Vienna fashion week 維也納時裝週57
  58. 58. Vienna fashion week 維也納時裝週58
  59. 59. Austrian cuisine 奧地利美食59
  60. 60. Eddie Lee 李常生 Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.All photos were taken from internet 5/11/2013leechangsheng6666@gmail.com60

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