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Culture shock ppt.ppt

  1. Kristin Dowrey Gary Bleedorn II
  2. Introduction / What is Culture shock? / Why is it a problem for educators? / What are some strategies for minimizing the effects of culture shock?
  3. Culture Shock is: The term, culture shock, was introduced for the first time in 1958 by Kalervo Oberg. Today we understand culture shock as a reaction people experience when faced with cultural realities that differ from their own personal expectations and norms.
  4. Oberg’s Stages / 1. Honeymoon/Tourist Stage. / 2.Culture shock/rejection / 3. Recovery / 4. Adjustment/Acculturation
  5. Contributing factors / Ethnocentrism / Tendency to stereotype / Low levels of similarities in beliefs, values, norms, and attitudes / Misinterpretations of behaviors and intentions of the other cultural group / Motivations for/ traumas associated with traveling to the new culture
  6. Causes: / Unfamiliarity with the new culture and surroundings / Inability to effectively use or understand new language and cultural symbols / Discrepancies between the demands of new situations and the resources for dealing with them / Cognitive fatigue
  7. Culture Shock is Manifested: / Mentally / Emotionally / Physically
  8. Symptoms / Difficulty in focusing and processing/retaining new information / Small aches, pains, and new allergies. / Sleeping too much or too little. / Feeling sad, depressed, vulnerable, powerless. / Decreased confidence, increased apathy / Developing stereotypes of the dominant culture
  9. Potential Problems for Educators Raising Krashen’s affective filter High Anxiety Low Motivation Low Self-confidence Misinterpretation of culture shock side effects as products of learning disabilities Physical effects that result in frequent absences
  10. More problems Housing problems Economic problems Nutrition problems Health problems Transportation
  11. Cultural Awareness of Communication Everything that occurs with in school involves communication Communication through oral and written symbols Communication through non verbal symbols
  12. How to Combat Culture Shock As a Teacher Create a comfortable and accepting environment in the classroom Don’t make assumptions Get to know your students and their unique situations Don’t give up on a student
  13. Bibliography Berry, J W. (1970) Marginality, stress and ethnic identification in an acculturated aboriginal community. Journal of cross Cultural Psychology, 1. 239-252 DeCapua, Andrea and Wintergerst Ann. 2004 Crossing Cultures in the Language Classroom. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press,. Furnham, Adrian and Bochner, Stephen.(1986) Culture Shock: Psychological reactions to Unfamiliar Environments University Press Cambridge London, New York Guanipa, Carmen. "CULTURE SHOCK". Dept. of Counseling and School Psychology. 11/24/2008 <>. Lynch, Elanor and Hanson, Marci. Developing Cross-Cultural Competence. Baltimore: Paul Brookes Publishing Co., 1998. Lysgaard, S. (1955). Adjustment in a foreign society: Norwegian fullbrite grantees visiting the united states. International Social Science Bulletin 7, 45-51. The U-Curve of Adjustment. Retrieved November 29, 2008, from Culture Shock: 2 Web site: