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  1. Phobia 01 Prepared by : Muemmal Qais Hussein Student in college of nursing
  2. Introduction 2 A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder that causes an individual to experience extreme, irrational fear about a situation, living creature, place, or object. When a person has a phobia, they will often shape their lives to avoid what they consider to be dangerous. The imagined threat is greater than any actual threat posed by the cause of terror.
  3. 3 What happens to a person with phobias?
  4. If a person who suffers from a phobia of something (for example, cats) is placed in one place with the causative agent of his phobia, he will experience symptoms similar to intercepting a panic attack, such as rapid heart rate, headache, trembling limbs, frozen eyes and an intense need to urinate due to involuntary contraction of his body muscles In addition to shortness of breath... But these symptoms will disappear as soon as the factor causing this phobia is removed and this person will return to his normal state... 4
  5. 5 What the general types of the phobias?
  6. 6 Phobias Complex Phobias Specific Phobias These are phobias about a specific object or situation. They often develop in childhood or adolescence. For some people, they might become less severe as they get older. tend to have a more disruptive or overwhelming impact on your life than specific phobias. They tend to develop when you are an adult.
  7. How to diagnose specific phobias? 7
  8. 8 This type of phobia is diagnosed according to the first of the five diagnostic axes (DSM-V), because it is an anxiety disorder. A person with this type of phobia suffers from a severe and irrational phobia of the place or the living things in it. The severity of the symptoms of this type of phobia often decreases with age, and the period in which this phobia is formed is often childhood and adolescence.
  9. 9 1. Animal phobias. 2. Phobias of the natural environment. 3. Situational phobias. . 4. Body-based phobias. 5. Sexual phobias.
  10. 10 How to diagnose complex phobias?
  11. 11 Complex phobias tend to have a more disruptive or overwhelming impact on your life than specific phobias. They tend to develop when you are an adult. Two of the most common complex phobias are: •Social phobia •Agoraphobia
  12. What causes of phobia? 13
  13. 13 Much is still unknown about the actual cause of specific phobias. Causes may include: •Negative experiences. Many phobias develop as a result of having a negative experience or panic attack related to a specific object or situation. •Genetics and environment. There may be a link between your own specific phobia and the phobia or anxiety of your parents — this could be due to genetics or learned behavior. •Brain function. Changes in brain functioning also may play a role in developing specific phobias.
  14. 14 Prevention If you have a specific phobia, consider getting psychological help, especially if you have children. Although genetics likely plays a role in the development of specific phobias, repeatedly seeing someone else's phobic reaction can trigger a specific phobia in children. By dealing with your own fears, you'll be teaching your child excellent resiliency skills and encouraging him or her to take brave actions just like you did.
  15. Thank you! 15