SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Conflict in Media and Media in Conflict

Communicating sensitive issues by means of media

1 of 8
Download to read offline
Conflict in Media and Media in Conflict
* The poll was conducted using the method of ‘face to face’ interview during the period of 7th and 2th of August 2015 by
the sociologic company ‘FAMA’ within the framework of the complex sociologic research ‘Conflict in Media & Media in con-
flict: communicating sensitive issues by means of media’. The research was ordered by the School of Journalism of Ukrainian
Catholic University and the NGO ‘Lviv Media Forum’ with the financial support of the British Embassy in Ukraine. Overall,
2000 citizens of Ukraine participated in the poll. Confidential probability is 0.954; sampling error is not higher than 2.2%.
** Internally displaced persons
Loyalty or negative attitudes of Ukrainians?*
Loyal Negative attitudeModerately Loyal Moderately
negative attitude
Authorities Media
DemobilizedMobilization
Decommuni-
zation
IDP**
75%
25%
WEST
62%
38%
CENTRE
54%
46%
NORTH
56%
44%
SOUTH
59%
41%
Ukrainians’ perception
of Russian propaganda
48%
52%
EAST
*** For results collected in the West,
confidential probability is 0.954, sampling
error is not higher than 5.2%
*** For results collected in the North,
confidential probability is 0.954, sampling
error is not higher than 4.9%
*** For results collected in the East, confi-
dential probability is 0.954, sampling error
is not higher than 5.3%
*** For results collected in the Centre,
confidential probability is 0.954, sampling
error is not higher than 4.7%
*** For results collected in the South,
confidential probability is 0.954, sampling
error is not higher than 5.4%
Ukrainians’ perception of pro-Russian propaganda***
React
to propaganda
Do not react
to propaganda
Topics, which are sensitive for Ukrainians: authorities, media, IDPs,
demobilized soldiers, mobilization and decommunization
Social tension, caused by the Russia-Ukraine war, creates social pretext for formation
of intergroup biases. These biases become the basis for the formation of stereotypes,
which cause conflicts. In this way, while covering sensitive issues, journalists have to
be especially careful and feel their social responsibility.
Ukrainians have most negative attitudes towards
government, decommunization reform and media
At present moment, negative attitudes towards different issues among Ukrainians is
quite high. Namely, every second Ukrainian has a negative attitude towards authori-
ties (49%), every third (35%) – towards decommunization reform and media (29%).
No correlation was traced between the negative attitude towards authorities and the
perception of pro-Russian propaganda OR macro region of respondent’s residence.
Only in the North of the country, respondents’ negative attitude towards authorities
is more moderate. At the same time, sensitivity towards pro-Russian propaganda
influences respondents’ attitude towards media. Especially it is evident among those
people who voice out an absolute negativity towards Ukrainian media: among Ukrain-
ians, who are influenced by pro-Russian propaganda, 39.4% are absolutely negative
towards the activity of Ukrainian media.
Between negativity and loyalty:
IDPs, demobilized people and mobilization process
The category of those Ukrainians who demonstrate moderate negative attitude towards
the issues of a special attention of this research (IDPs, demobilized people, mobiliza-
tion process) requires a special attention of journalists, because media coverage, among
other things, influences the orientation of this group: their attitudes can shift to loyal or
absolutely negative. The biggest share of Ukrainians have moderately negative attitude
towards the process of mobilization (57%), IDPs (49%) and demobilized people (51%). The
biggest share of moderately loyal Ukrainians is towards IDPs (36%), demobilized people
(33%), and the process of mobilization (29%). Only 4% of Ukrainians demonstrate abso-
lutely loyal attitudes to the issues mentioned above.
It is worth mentioning that personal experiences of communication with IDPs do not in-
fluence Ukrainians’ attitudes towards them. Both, people who had experience of commu-
nication with IDPs and those who did not communicate with them, demonstrate negative
attitude towards internally displaces persons. Instead, propaganda influences Ukrainians’
sympathy towards IDPs: among those who are influenced by propaganda, 70,7% are
moderately or absolutely biased towards IDPs. At the same time, place of residence of
respondents does not influence their attitudes towards IDPs.
Those Ukrainians who are influenced by propaganda are more inclined to have nega-
tive attitude towards demobilized people and the mobilization process in general.
Again, respondents’ place of residence does not influence their attitude towards
mobilization. At the same time, this factor (place of residence) influence respondents’
attitude towards demobilized people. In the West, number of those who demonstrate
negative attitude towards their demobilized compatriots is substantially lower (6.9%)
than in the North (14.3%), the East (19.8%), Central part of the country (16.7%) or
in the South (11.5%). Again, communication with demobilized people or the fact of
mobilization of family member (s) do not influence attitudes of Ukrainians towards
mobilization and demobilized people.
Along with negative attitudes towards the authorities, Ukrainians do not approve
such reform as decommunization. 89.5% of respondents demonstrate negative at-
titude towards decommunization. Among them are people who are against decom-
munization because of ideological reasons, and those who think that this reform is
superficial and introduced not timely. Respondents in their attitudes towards decom-
munization are not influenced by their perception of pro-Russian propaganda. At the
same time, regional differentiation is quite vivid: the share of respondents who are
moderately loyal to this reform is bigger in Western Ukraine.
Most popular news resources
among all-Ukraine TV channels*
89%use TV in order
to get news
(Share from an overall number of respondents
who use TV as news source)
55%
46%
19%
18%
17%
17%
9%
7%
4%
3%
3%
3%
2%
1%
1%
1+1
112 Ukraine
24 Channel
New Channel
UA: First
NTN
2+2
Еспресо TV
K1
Mega
Inter
Ukraine
ICTV
STB
5 Channel

Recommended

Media and Conflict Transformation
Media and Conflict TransformationMedia and Conflict Transformation
Media and Conflict TransformationSanjana Hattotuwa
 
Biased media is a real threat to indian democracy
Biased media is a real threat to indian democracyBiased media is a real threat to indian democracy
Biased media is a real threat to indian democracyCol Mukteshwar Prasad
 
Media and Peacebuilding in Sri Lanka
Media and Peacebuilding in Sri LankaMedia and Peacebuilding in Sri Lanka
Media and Peacebuilding in Sri LankaSanjana Hattotuwa
 
Overcoming Barriers: Media in Covering Conflict-Sensitive Issues
Overcoming Barriers: Media in Covering Conflict-Sensitive IssuesOvercoming Barriers: Media in Covering Conflict-Sensitive Issues
Overcoming Barriers: Media in Covering Conflict-Sensitive IssuesDonbassFullAccess
 

More Related Content

What's hot

public-media-and-political-independence.pdf
public-media-and-political-independence.pdfpublic-media-and-political-independence.pdf
public-media-and-political-independence.pdfsampane6
 
Political journalismlecture2013
Political journalismlecture2013Political journalismlecture2013
Political journalismlecture2013POLIS LSE
 
Role Of Media In Shaping Public Opinion
Role Of Media In Shaping Public OpinionRole Of Media In Shaping Public Opinion
Role Of Media In Shaping Public OpinionHarpreet Singh
 
Sun yat sen u presentation 28 oct 16
Sun yat sen u presentation 28 oct 16Sun yat sen u presentation 28 oct 16
Sun yat sen u presentation 28 oct 16Terry Flew
 
Mediatisation of politics
Mediatisation of politicsMediatisation of politics
Mediatisation of politicsPOLIS LSE
 
Mass media & public opinion
Mass media & public opinionMass media & public opinion
Mass media & public opinionDan Hess
 
The Effect of Media on Politics
The Effect of Media on PoliticsThe Effect of Media on Politics
The Effect of Media on PoliticsMattgut21
 
Defining political communication, political coverage & reality
Defining political communication, political coverage & realityDefining political communication, political coverage & reality
Defining political communication, political coverage & realitynadia naseem
 
Political communication
Political communicationPolitical communication
Political communicationnadia naseem
 
Political communication
Political communicationPolitical communication
Political communicationVivie Chabie
 
Group journalism and democracy
Group   journalism and democracyGroup   journalism and democracy
Group journalism and democracyHein Htun
 
Political journalism and reporting of the 2015 UK General Election
Political journalism and reporting of the 2015 UK General ElectionPolitical journalism and reporting of the 2015 UK General Election
Political journalism and reporting of the 2015 UK General ElectionPOLIS LSE
 
Ethics and political reporting
Ethics and political reportingEthics and political reporting
Ethics and political reportingCeriHughes9
 
American Government - Chapter 10 - Media
American Government - Chapter 10 - MediaAmerican Government - Chapter 10 - Media
American Government - Chapter 10 - Mediacyruskarimian
 
Media and Foreign Policy
Media and Foreign PolicyMedia and Foreign Policy
Media and Foreign PolicyJosh Gellers
 
Four Phases of Mediatization: An Analysis of the Mediatization of Politics
Four Phases of Mediatization: An Analysis of the Mediatization of PoliticsFour Phases of Mediatization: An Analysis of the Mediatization of Politics
Four Phases of Mediatization: An Analysis of the Mediatization of PoliticsFrancesco Piccinelli Casagrande
 
Pros and cons of mass media in politic
Pros and cons of mass media in politicPros and cons of mass media in politic
Pros and cons of mass media in politicAiaulym Kz
 
Impact of media on foreign policy
Impact of media on foreign policyImpact of media on foreign policy
Impact of media on foreign policyasmamaqsood4
 
Media and Politics
Media and PoliticsMedia and Politics
Media and Politicsbrianbelen
 

What's hot (20)

public-media-and-political-independence.pdf
public-media-and-political-independence.pdfpublic-media-and-political-independence.pdf
public-media-and-political-independence.pdf
 
Political journalismlecture2013
Political journalismlecture2013Political journalismlecture2013
Political journalismlecture2013
 
Role Of Media In Shaping Public Opinion
Role Of Media In Shaping Public OpinionRole Of Media In Shaping Public Opinion
Role Of Media In Shaping Public Opinion
 
Sun yat sen u presentation 28 oct 16
Sun yat sen u presentation 28 oct 16Sun yat sen u presentation 28 oct 16
Sun yat sen u presentation 28 oct 16
 
Mediatisation of politics
Mediatisation of politicsMediatisation of politics
Mediatisation of politics
 
Mass media & public opinion
Mass media & public opinionMass media & public opinion
Mass media & public opinion
 
The Effect of Media on Politics
The Effect of Media on PoliticsThe Effect of Media on Politics
The Effect of Media on Politics
 
Defining political communication, political coverage & reality
Defining political communication, political coverage & realityDefining political communication, political coverage & reality
Defining political communication, political coverage & reality
 
Political communication
Political communicationPolitical communication
Political communication
 
Political communication
Political communicationPolitical communication
Political communication
 
Group journalism and democracy
Group   journalism and democracyGroup   journalism and democracy
Group journalism and democracy
 
Political journalism and reporting of the 2015 UK General Election
Political journalism and reporting of the 2015 UK General ElectionPolitical journalism and reporting of the 2015 UK General Election
Political journalism and reporting of the 2015 UK General Election
 
Ethics and political reporting
Ethics and political reportingEthics and political reporting
Ethics and political reporting
 
American Government - Chapter 10 - Media
American Government - Chapter 10 - MediaAmerican Government - Chapter 10 - Media
American Government - Chapter 10 - Media
 
Media and Foreign Policy
Media and Foreign PolicyMedia and Foreign Policy
Media and Foreign Policy
 
Four Phases of Mediatization: An Analysis of the Mediatization of Politics
Four Phases of Mediatization: An Analysis of the Mediatization of PoliticsFour Phases of Mediatization: An Analysis of the Mediatization of Politics
Four Phases of Mediatization: An Analysis of the Mediatization of Politics
 
Pros and cons of mass media in politic
Pros and cons of mass media in politicPros and cons of mass media in politic
Pros and cons of mass media in politic
 
Media and foreign
Media and foreignMedia and foreign
Media and foreign
 
Impact of media on foreign policy
Impact of media on foreign policyImpact of media on foreign policy
Impact of media on foreign policy
 
Media and Politics
Media and PoliticsMedia and Politics
Media and Politics
 

Viewers also liked

Gultang and ruge powerpoint
Gultang and ruge powerpointGultang and ruge powerpoint
Gultang and ruge powerpointaroosaa
 
The Role of the Media and Propaganda
The Role of the Media and PropagandaThe Role of the Media and Propaganda
The Role of the Media and Propagandahcpsgov
 
Multiparty Access Control For Online Social Networks : Model and Mechanisms.
Multiparty Access Control For Online Social Networks : Model and Mechanisms.Multiparty Access Control For Online Social Networks : Model and Mechanisms.
Multiparty Access Control For Online Social Networks : Model and Mechanisms.Kiran K.V.S.
 
An introduction to news values
An introduction to news values An introduction to news values
An introduction to news values sezpenfold
 
Carl Jung Theory of Personality
Carl Jung Theory of PersonalityCarl Jung Theory of Personality
Carl Jung Theory of Personalityleony espin
 
Analytical psychology Theories of Personality Carl Jung
Analytical psychology Theories of Personality Carl JungAnalytical psychology Theories of Personality Carl Jung
Analytical psychology Theories of Personality Carl JungGrace Bran
 

Viewers also liked (12)

Peace Journalism
Peace JournalismPeace Journalism
Peace Journalism
 
Galtung And Ruges
Galtung And RugesGaltung And Ruges
Galtung And Ruges
 
Gultang and ruge powerpoint
Gultang and ruge powerpointGultang and ruge powerpoint
Gultang and ruge powerpoint
 
The Role of the Media and Propaganda
The Role of the Media and PropagandaThe Role of the Media and Propaganda
The Role of the Media and Propaganda
 
Peace journalism
Peace journalismPeace journalism
Peace journalism
 
Multiparty Access Control For Online Social Networks : Model and Mechanisms.
Multiparty Access Control For Online Social Networks : Model and Mechanisms.Multiparty Access Control For Online Social Networks : Model and Mechanisms.
Multiparty Access Control For Online Social Networks : Model and Mechanisms.
 
Carl jung powerpoint
Carl jung powerpointCarl jung powerpoint
Carl jung powerpoint
 
An introduction to news values
An introduction to news values An introduction to news values
An introduction to news values
 
Carl Jung Theory of Personality
Carl Jung Theory of PersonalityCarl Jung Theory of Personality
Carl Jung Theory of Personality
 
Analytical psychology Theories of Personality Carl Jung
Analytical psychology Theories of Personality Carl JungAnalytical psychology Theories of Personality Carl Jung
Analytical psychology Theories of Personality Carl Jung
 
Conflict Management
Conflict ManagementConflict Management
Conflict Management
 
Conflict Management
Conflict ManagementConflict Management
Conflict Management
 

Similar to Conflict in Media and Media in Conflict

Opposition to Russian Propaganda and Media Literacy: Results of All-Ukrainian...
Opposition to Russian Propaganda and Media Literacy: Results of All-Ukrainian...Opposition to Russian Propaganda and Media Literacy: Results of All-Ukrainian...
Opposition to Russian Propaganda and Media Literacy: Results of All-Ukrainian...DonbassFullAccess
 
National information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspect
National information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspectNational information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspect
National information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspectDonetsk Institute of Information
 
National information policy in the face of russian aggression: regional aspect
National information policy in the face of russian aggression: regional aspectNational information policy in the face of russian aggression: regional aspect
National information policy in the face of russian aggression: regional aspectDonbassFullAccess
 
Media consumption and assessment of social and political processes in Ukraine...
Media consumption and assessment of social and political processes in Ukraine...Media consumption and assessment of social and political processes in Ukraine...
Media consumption and assessment of social and political processes in Ukraine...Mariana Zakusylo
 
Media consumption and assessment of socio-political processes in Ukraine by t...
Media consumption and assessment of socio-political processes in Ukraine by t...Media consumption and assessment of socio-political processes in Ukraine by t...
Media consumption and assessment of socio-political processes in Ukraine by t...DonbassFullAccess
 
Credence to Media, Influence of Russian Propaganda, And Media Literacy in Ukr...
Credence to Media, Influence of Russian Propaganda, And Media Literacy in Ukr...Credence to Media, Influence of Russian Propaganda, And Media Literacy in Ukr...
Credence to Media, Influence of Russian Propaganda, And Media Literacy in Ukr...Mariana Zakusylo
 
Trends and Changes in the Choices of Media and Consumption of Information of ...
Trends and Changes in the Choices of Media and Consumption of Information of ...Trends and Changes in the Choices of Media and Consumption of Information of ...
Trends and Changes in the Choices of Media and Consumption of Information of ...Mariana Zakusylo
 
Effectiveness of state policy in the field of information security on the thr...
Effectiveness of state policy in the field of information security on the thr...Effectiveness of state policy in the field of information security on the thr...
Effectiveness of state policy in the field of information security on the thr...DonbassFullAccess
 
Internews Annual Survey: Media Consumption in Ukraine 2016
Internews Annual Survey: Media Consumption in Ukraine 2016Internews Annual Survey: Media Consumption in Ukraine 2016
Internews Annual Survey: Media Consumption in Ukraine 2016DonbassFullAccess
 
USAID U-Media annual media consumption survey 2016 (ENG)
USAID U-Media annual media consumption survey 2016 (ENG)USAID U-Media annual media consumption survey 2016 (ENG)
USAID U-Media annual media consumption survey 2016 (ENG)Irina Negreyeva
 
Internews,U-Media-audience_Survey_2012-2-media-literacy_eng
Internews,U-Media-audience_Survey_2012-2-media-literacy_engInternews,U-Media-audience_Survey_2012-2-media-literacy_eng
Internews,U-Media-audience_Survey_2012-2-media-literacy_engIrina Negreyeva
 
National monitoring system of the situation with internally displaced persons...
National monitoring system of the situation with internally displaced persons...National monitoring system of the situation with internally displaced persons...
National monitoring system of the situation with internally displaced persons...DonbassFullAccess
 
Resilience to Disinformation_0401.pdf
Resilience to Disinformation_0401.pdfResilience to Disinformation_0401.pdf
Resilience to Disinformation_0401.pdfssuser4d4053
 
Hopes fears and_dreams[1]
Hopes fears and_dreams[1]Hopes fears and_dreams[1]
Hopes fears and_dreams[1]Dmytro Lysiuk
 
Comprehensive research: HOW THE WAR CHANGED ME AND THE COUNTRY. SUMMARY OF T...
Comprehensive research: HOW THE WAR CHANGED ME AND THE COUNTRY.  SUMMARY OF T...Comprehensive research: HOW THE WAR CHANGED ME AND THE COUNTRY.  SUMMARY OF T...
Comprehensive research: HOW THE WAR CHANGED ME AND THE COUNTRY. SUMMARY OF T...Ratinggroup
 
Civil society under Russia’s threat: building resilience in Ukraine, Belarus ...
Civil society under Russia’s threat: building resilience in Ukraine, Belarus ...Civil society under Russia’s threat: building resilience in Ukraine, Belarus ...
Civil society under Russia’s threat: building resilience in Ukraine, Belarus ...DonbassFullAccess
 
Journalists and media in Ukraine - Reporters Without Borders - 2016
Journalists and media in Ukraine - Reporters Without Borders - 2016Journalists and media in Ukraine - Reporters Without Borders - 2016
Journalists and media in Ukraine - Reporters Without Borders - 2016DonbassFullAccess
 
Mass Media Is The Sources That Any Individual Can Get The...
Mass Media Is The Sources That Any Individual Can Get The...Mass Media Is The Sources That Any Individual Can Get The...
Mass Media Is The Sources That Any Individual Can Get The...Rikki Wright
 
Institutionalization of Ukraine’s information policy as a function of strateg...
Institutionalization of Ukraine’s information policy as a function of strateg...Institutionalization of Ukraine’s information policy as a function of strateg...
Institutionalization of Ukraine’s information policy as a function of strateg...Środkowoeuropejskie Studia Polityczne
 

Similar to Conflict in Media and Media in Conflict (20)

Opposition to Russian Propaganda and Media Literacy: Results of All-Ukrainian...
Opposition to Russian Propaganda and Media Literacy: Results of All-Ukrainian...Opposition to Russian Propaganda and Media Literacy: Results of All-Ukrainian...
Opposition to Russian Propaganda and Media Literacy: Results of All-Ukrainian...
 
National information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspect
National information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspectNational information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspect
National information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspect
 
National information policy in the face of russian aggression: regional aspect
National information policy in the face of russian aggression: regional aspectNational information policy in the face of russian aggression: regional aspect
National information policy in the face of russian aggression: regional aspect
 
Media consumption and assessment of social and political processes in Ukraine...
Media consumption and assessment of social and political processes in Ukraine...Media consumption and assessment of social and political processes in Ukraine...
Media consumption and assessment of social and political processes in Ukraine...
 
Media consumption and assessment of socio-political processes in Ukraine by t...
Media consumption and assessment of socio-political processes in Ukraine by t...Media consumption and assessment of socio-political processes in Ukraine by t...
Media consumption and assessment of socio-political processes in Ukraine by t...
 
Credence to Media, Influence of Russian Propaganda, And Media Literacy in Ukr...
Credence to Media, Influence of Russian Propaganda, And Media Literacy in Ukr...Credence to Media, Influence of Russian Propaganda, And Media Literacy in Ukr...
Credence to Media, Influence of Russian Propaganda, And Media Literacy in Ukr...
 
Trends and Changes in the Choices of Media and Consumption of Information of ...
Trends and Changes in the Choices of Media and Consumption of Information of ...Trends and Changes in the Choices of Media and Consumption of Information of ...
Trends and Changes in the Choices of Media and Consumption of Information of ...
 
Effectiveness of state policy in the field of information security on the thr...
Effectiveness of state policy in the field of information security on the thr...Effectiveness of state policy in the field of information security on the thr...
Effectiveness of state policy in the field of information security on the thr...
 
PUBLIC AWARENESS OF HIV EPIDEMY IN UKRAINE 2015
PUBLIC AWARENESS OF HIV EPIDEMY IN UKRAINE 2015PUBLIC AWARENESS OF HIV EPIDEMY IN UKRAINE 2015
PUBLIC AWARENESS OF HIV EPIDEMY IN UKRAINE 2015
 
Internews Annual Survey: Media Consumption in Ukraine 2016
Internews Annual Survey: Media Consumption in Ukraine 2016Internews Annual Survey: Media Consumption in Ukraine 2016
Internews Annual Survey: Media Consumption in Ukraine 2016
 
USAID U-Media annual media consumption survey 2016 (ENG)
USAID U-Media annual media consumption survey 2016 (ENG)USAID U-Media annual media consumption survey 2016 (ENG)
USAID U-Media annual media consumption survey 2016 (ENG)
 
Internews,U-Media-audience_Survey_2012-2-media-literacy_eng
Internews,U-Media-audience_Survey_2012-2-media-literacy_engInternews,U-Media-audience_Survey_2012-2-media-literacy_eng
Internews,U-Media-audience_Survey_2012-2-media-literacy_eng
 
National monitoring system of the situation with internally displaced persons...
National monitoring system of the situation with internally displaced persons...National monitoring system of the situation with internally displaced persons...
National monitoring system of the situation with internally displaced persons...
 
Resilience to Disinformation_0401.pdf
Resilience to Disinformation_0401.pdfResilience to Disinformation_0401.pdf
Resilience to Disinformation_0401.pdf
 
Hopes fears and_dreams[1]
Hopes fears and_dreams[1]Hopes fears and_dreams[1]
Hopes fears and_dreams[1]
 
Comprehensive research: HOW THE WAR CHANGED ME AND THE COUNTRY. SUMMARY OF T...
Comprehensive research: HOW THE WAR CHANGED ME AND THE COUNTRY.  SUMMARY OF T...Comprehensive research: HOW THE WAR CHANGED ME AND THE COUNTRY.  SUMMARY OF T...
Comprehensive research: HOW THE WAR CHANGED ME AND THE COUNTRY. SUMMARY OF T...
 
Civil society under Russia’s threat: building resilience in Ukraine, Belarus ...
Civil society under Russia’s threat: building resilience in Ukraine, Belarus ...Civil society under Russia’s threat: building resilience in Ukraine, Belarus ...
Civil society under Russia’s threat: building resilience in Ukraine, Belarus ...
 
Journalists and media in Ukraine - Reporters Without Borders - 2016
Journalists and media in Ukraine - Reporters Without Borders - 2016Journalists and media in Ukraine - Reporters Without Borders - 2016
Journalists and media in Ukraine - Reporters Without Borders - 2016
 
Mass Media Is The Sources That Any Individual Can Get The...
Mass Media Is The Sources That Any Individual Can Get The...Mass Media Is The Sources That Any Individual Can Get The...
Mass Media Is The Sources That Any Individual Can Get The...
 
Institutionalization of Ukraine’s information policy as a function of strateg...
Institutionalization of Ukraine’s information policy as a function of strateg...Institutionalization of Ukraine’s information policy as a function of strateg...
Institutionalization of Ukraine’s information policy as a function of strateg...
 

More from Михайло Дяків

Конфлікт в медіа і Медіа в конфлікті
Конфлікт в медіа і Медіа в конфліктіКонфлікт в медіа і Медіа в конфлікті
Конфлікт в медіа і Медіа в конфліктіМихайло Дяків
 
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч" 2014
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч" 2014Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч" 2014
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч" 2014Михайло Дяків
 
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"Михайло Дяків
 
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"Михайло Дяків
 
"Об'єднання "Самопоміч": 100 днів в Київраді
"Об'єднання "Самопоміч": 100 днів в Київраді"Об'єднання "Самопоміч": 100 днів в Київраді
"Об'єднання "Самопоміч": 100 днів в КиїврадіМихайло Дяків
 
Міжнародна діяльність пласту: огляд 2013 року
Міжнародна діяльність пласту: огляд 2013 рокуМіжнародна діяльність пласту: огляд 2013 року
Міжнародна діяльність пласту: огляд 2013 рокуМихайло Дяків
 
Пропозиція реклами на холдерах
Пропозиція реклами на холдерахПропозиція реклами на холдерах
Пропозиція реклами на холдерахМихайло Дяків
 
Реклама в міських автобусах
Реклама в міських автобусахРеклама в міських автобусах
Реклама в міських автобусахМихайло Дяків
 
РОМСЬКИЙ СКАУТИНГ В УКРАЇНІ
РОМСЬКИЙ СКАУТИНГ В УКРАЇНІРОМСЬКИЙ СКАУТИНГ В УКРАЇНІ
РОМСЬКИЙ СКАУТИНГ В УКРАЇНІМихайло Дяків
 

More from Михайло Дяків (20)

Презентація медіафорум
Презентація медіафорумПрезентація медіафорум
Презентація медіафорум
 
Львівський медіафорум
Львівський медіафорумЛьвівський медіафорум
Львівський медіафорум
 
Конфлікт в медіа і Медіа в конфлікті
Конфлікт в медіа і Медіа в конфліктіКонфлікт в медіа і Медіа в конфлікті
Конфлікт в медіа і Медіа в конфлікті
 
Газета Самопоміч #23
Газета Самопоміч #23Газета Самопоміч #23
Газета Самопоміч #23
 
Газета Самопоміч №22 (311)
Газета Самопоміч №22 (311)Газета Самопоміч №22 (311)
Газета Самопоміч №22 (311)
 
Газета Самопоміч - №2/2015
Газета Самопоміч - №2/2015Газета Самопоміч - №2/2015
Газета Самопоміч - №2/2015
 
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч" 2014
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч" 2014Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч" 2014
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч" 2014
 
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"
 
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"
Газета "Об'єднання "Самопоміч"
 
Газета Самопоміч
Газета СамопомічГазета Самопоміч
Газета Самопоміч
 
Presentation Samopomich
Presentation SamopomichPresentation Samopomich
Presentation Samopomich
 
"Об'єднання "Самопоміч": 100 днів в Київраді
"Об'єднання "Самопоміч": 100 днів в Київраді"Об'єднання "Самопоміч": 100 днів в Київраді
"Об'єднання "Самопоміч": 100 днів в Київраді
 
Міжнародна діяльність пласту: огляд 2013 року
Міжнародна діяльність пласту: огляд 2013 рокуМіжнародна діяльність пласту: огляд 2013 року
Міжнародна діяльність пласту: огляд 2013 року
 
Таблиця кольорів
Таблиця кольорівТаблиця кольорів
Таблиця кольорів
 
Пропозиція реклами на холдерах
Пропозиція реклами на холдерахПропозиція реклами на холдерах
Пропозиція реклами на холдерах
 
Реклама в міських автобусах
Реклама в міських автобусахРеклама в міських автобусах
Реклама в міських автобусах
 
РОМСЬКИЙ СКАУТИНГ В УКРАЇНІ
РОМСЬКИЙ СКАУТИНГ В УКРАЇНІРОМСЬКИЙ СКАУТИНГ В УКРАЇНІ
РОМСЬКИЙ СКАУТИНГ В УКРАЇНІ
 
Одноднівка ЮМПЗ ч. 6
Одноднівка ЮМПЗ ч. 6Одноднівка ЮМПЗ ч. 6
Одноднівка ЮМПЗ ч. 6
 
Одноднівка ЮМПЗ ч. 5
Одноднівка ЮМПЗ ч. 5Одноднівка ЮМПЗ ч. 5
Одноднівка ЮМПЗ ч. 5
 
Одноднівка ЮМПЗ ч. 4
Одноднівка ЮМПЗ ч. 4Одноднівка ЮМПЗ ч. 4
Одноднівка ЮМПЗ ч. 4
 

Recently uploaded

Provincial Jail and Bucor Presentation 1
Provincial Jail and Bucor Presentation 1Provincial Jail and Bucor Presentation 1
Provincial Jail and Bucor Presentation 1kathvyvilla
 
The Dutertes: Philippines’ political dynasty of many guns
The Dutertes: Philippines’ political dynasty of many gunsThe Dutertes: Philippines’ political dynasty of many guns
The Dutertes: Philippines’ political dynasty of many gunsRappler
 
THE CONFLICT BETWEEN JEWS AND PALESTINIANS AND ITS FUTURE SCENARIOS.pdf
THE CONFLICT BETWEEN JEWS AND PALESTINIANS AND ITS FUTURE SCENARIOS.pdfTHE CONFLICT BETWEEN JEWS AND PALESTINIANS AND ITS FUTURE SCENARIOS.pdf
THE CONFLICT BETWEEN JEWS AND PALESTINIANS AND ITS FUTURE SCENARIOS.pdfFaga1939
 
EGI-MEITY-Representation-1.pdf oproipjpwp[
EGI-MEITY-Representation-1.pdf oproipjpwp[EGI-MEITY-Representation-1.pdf oproipjpwp[
EGI-MEITY-Representation-1.pdf oproipjpwp[bhavenpr
 
How Israel Censors American News Coverage
How Israel Censors American News CoverageHow Israel Censors American News Coverage
How Israel Censors American News CoverageTimLangeman1
 
Comunicado de Sendero Resources por Peñas Negras
Comunicado de Sendero Resources por Peñas NegrasComunicado de Sendero Resources por Peñas Negras
Comunicado de Sendero Resources por Peñas NegrasEduardo Nelson German
 
Timeless Aketi - Tribute to Arakunrin OluwaRotimi Akeredolu
Timeless Aketi - Tribute to Arakunrin OluwaRotimi AkeredoluTimeless Aketi - Tribute to Arakunrin OluwaRotimi Akeredolu
Timeless Aketi - Tribute to Arakunrin OluwaRotimi AkeredoluKayode Fayemi
 
THE FREEDOM REPORT USA OUR PAST AND PRESENT
THE FREEDOM REPORT USA OUR PAST AND PRESENTTHE FREEDOM REPORT USA OUR PAST AND PRESENT
THE FREEDOM REPORT USA OUR PAST AND PRESENTWayne Standiford
 
Lexi lee Alexis Lee O'CONNELL johnathan sledge arrest rrest (2)
Lexi lee Alexis Lee O'CONNELL johnathan sledge arrest rrest (2)Lexi lee Alexis Lee O'CONNELL johnathan sledge arrest rrest (2)
Lexi lee Alexis Lee O'CONNELL johnathan sledge arrest rrest (2)jimmydawnemail
 
The Ideological Essence of TDP: Shaping Telugu Identity and Progress
The Ideological Essence of TDP: Shaping Telugu Identity and ProgressThe Ideological Essence of TDP: Shaping Telugu Identity and Progress
The Ideological Essence of TDP: Shaping Telugu Identity and Progressnarsireddynannuri1
 
Identifying the Symptoms of Destructive Polarisation
Identifying the Symptoms of Destructive PolarisationIdentifying the Symptoms of Destructive Polarisation
Identifying the Symptoms of Destructive PolarisationAxel Bruns
 

Recently uploaded (11)

Provincial Jail and Bucor Presentation 1
Provincial Jail and Bucor Presentation 1Provincial Jail and Bucor Presentation 1
Provincial Jail and Bucor Presentation 1
 
The Dutertes: Philippines’ political dynasty of many guns
The Dutertes: Philippines’ political dynasty of many gunsThe Dutertes: Philippines’ political dynasty of many guns
The Dutertes: Philippines’ political dynasty of many guns
 
THE CONFLICT BETWEEN JEWS AND PALESTINIANS AND ITS FUTURE SCENARIOS.pdf
THE CONFLICT BETWEEN JEWS AND PALESTINIANS AND ITS FUTURE SCENARIOS.pdfTHE CONFLICT BETWEEN JEWS AND PALESTINIANS AND ITS FUTURE SCENARIOS.pdf
THE CONFLICT BETWEEN JEWS AND PALESTINIANS AND ITS FUTURE SCENARIOS.pdf
 
EGI-MEITY-Representation-1.pdf oproipjpwp[
EGI-MEITY-Representation-1.pdf oproipjpwp[EGI-MEITY-Representation-1.pdf oproipjpwp[
EGI-MEITY-Representation-1.pdf oproipjpwp[
 
How Israel Censors American News Coverage
How Israel Censors American News CoverageHow Israel Censors American News Coverage
How Israel Censors American News Coverage
 
Comunicado de Sendero Resources por Peñas Negras
Comunicado de Sendero Resources por Peñas NegrasComunicado de Sendero Resources por Peñas Negras
Comunicado de Sendero Resources por Peñas Negras
 
Timeless Aketi - Tribute to Arakunrin OluwaRotimi Akeredolu
Timeless Aketi - Tribute to Arakunrin OluwaRotimi AkeredoluTimeless Aketi - Tribute to Arakunrin OluwaRotimi Akeredolu
Timeless Aketi - Tribute to Arakunrin OluwaRotimi Akeredolu
 
THE FREEDOM REPORT USA OUR PAST AND PRESENT
THE FREEDOM REPORT USA OUR PAST AND PRESENTTHE FREEDOM REPORT USA OUR PAST AND PRESENT
THE FREEDOM REPORT USA OUR PAST AND PRESENT
 
Lexi lee Alexis Lee O'CONNELL johnathan sledge arrest rrest (2)
Lexi lee Alexis Lee O'CONNELL johnathan sledge arrest rrest (2)Lexi lee Alexis Lee O'CONNELL johnathan sledge arrest rrest (2)
Lexi lee Alexis Lee O'CONNELL johnathan sledge arrest rrest (2)
 
The Ideological Essence of TDP: Shaping Telugu Identity and Progress
The Ideological Essence of TDP: Shaping Telugu Identity and ProgressThe Ideological Essence of TDP: Shaping Telugu Identity and Progress
The Ideological Essence of TDP: Shaping Telugu Identity and Progress
 
Identifying the Symptoms of Destructive Polarisation
Identifying the Symptoms of Destructive PolarisationIdentifying the Symptoms of Destructive Polarisation
Identifying the Symptoms of Destructive Polarisation
 

Conflict in Media and Media in Conflict

  • 2. * The poll was conducted using the method of ‘face to face’ interview during the period of 7th and 2th of August 2015 by the sociologic company ‘FAMA’ within the framework of the complex sociologic research ‘Conflict in Media & Media in con- flict: communicating sensitive issues by means of media’. The research was ordered by the School of Journalism of Ukrainian Catholic University and the NGO ‘Lviv Media Forum’ with the financial support of the British Embassy in Ukraine. Overall, 2000 citizens of Ukraine participated in the poll. Confidential probability is 0.954; sampling error is not higher than 2.2%. ** Internally displaced persons Loyalty or negative attitudes of Ukrainians?* Loyal Negative attitudeModerately Loyal Moderately negative attitude Authorities Media DemobilizedMobilization Decommuni- zation IDP**
  • 3. 75% 25% WEST 62% 38% CENTRE 54% 46% NORTH 56% 44% SOUTH 59% 41% Ukrainians’ perception of Russian propaganda 48% 52% EAST *** For results collected in the West, confidential probability is 0.954, sampling error is not higher than 5.2% *** For results collected in the North, confidential probability is 0.954, sampling error is not higher than 4.9% *** For results collected in the East, confi- dential probability is 0.954, sampling error is not higher than 5.3% *** For results collected in the Centre, confidential probability is 0.954, sampling error is not higher than 4.7% *** For results collected in the South, confidential probability is 0.954, sampling error is not higher than 5.4% Ukrainians’ perception of pro-Russian propaganda*** React to propaganda Do not react to propaganda
  • 4. Topics, which are sensitive for Ukrainians: authorities, media, IDPs, demobilized soldiers, mobilization and decommunization Social tension, caused by the Russia-Ukraine war, creates social pretext for formation of intergroup biases. These biases become the basis for the formation of stereotypes, which cause conflicts. In this way, while covering sensitive issues, journalists have to be especially careful and feel their social responsibility. Ukrainians have most negative attitudes towards government, decommunization reform and media At present moment, negative attitudes towards different issues among Ukrainians is quite high. Namely, every second Ukrainian has a negative attitude towards authori- ties (49%), every third (35%) – towards decommunization reform and media (29%). No correlation was traced between the negative attitude towards authorities and the perception of pro-Russian propaganda OR macro region of respondent’s residence. Only in the North of the country, respondents’ negative attitude towards authorities is more moderate. At the same time, sensitivity towards pro-Russian propaganda influences respondents’ attitude towards media. Especially it is evident among those people who voice out an absolute negativity towards Ukrainian media: among Ukrain- ians, who are influenced by pro-Russian propaganda, 39.4% are absolutely negative towards the activity of Ukrainian media.
  • 5. Between negativity and loyalty: IDPs, demobilized people and mobilization process The category of those Ukrainians who demonstrate moderate negative attitude towards the issues of a special attention of this research (IDPs, demobilized people, mobiliza- tion process) requires a special attention of journalists, because media coverage, among other things, influences the orientation of this group: their attitudes can shift to loyal or absolutely negative. The biggest share of Ukrainians have moderately negative attitude towards the process of mobilization (57%), IDPs (49%) and demobilized people (51%). The biggest share of moderately loyal Ukrainians is towards IDPs (36%), demobilized people (33%), and the process of mobilization (29%). Only 4% of Ukrainians demonstrate abso- lutely loyal attitudes to the issues mentioned above. It is worth mentioning that personal experiences of communication with IDPs do not in- fluence Ukrainians’ attitudes towards them. Both, people who had experience of commu- nication with IDPs and those who did not communicate with them, demonstrate negative attitude towards internally displaces persons. Instead, propaganda influences Ukrainians’ sympathy towards IDPs: among those who are influenced by propaganda, 70,7% are moderately or absolutely biased towards IDPs. At the same time, place of residence of respondents does not influence their attitudes towards IDPs. Those Ukrainians who are influenced by propaganda are more inclined to have nega- tive attitude towards demobilized people and the mobilization process in general. Again, respondents’ place of residence does not influence their attitude towards mobilization. At the same time, this factor (place of residence) influence respondents’ attitude towards demobilized people. In the West, number of those who demonstrate negative attitude towards their demobilized compatriots is substantially lower (6.9%) than in the North (14.3%), the East (19.8%), Central part of the country (16.7%) or in the South (11.5%). Again, communication with demobilized people or the fact of mobilization of family member (s) do not influence attitudes of Ukrainians towards mobilization and demobilized people. Along with negative attitudes towards the authorities, Ukrainians do not approve such reform as decommunization. 89.5% of respondents demonstrate negative at- titude towards decommunization. Among them are people who are against decom- munization because of ideological reasons, and those who think that this reform is superficial and introduced not timely. Respondents in their attitudes towards decom- munization are not influenced by their perception of pro-Russian propaganda. At the same time, regional differentiation is quite vivid: the share of respondents who are moderately loyal to this reform is bigger in Western Ukraine.
  • 6. Most popular news resources among all-Ukraine TV channels* 89%use TV in order to get news (Share from an overall number of respondents who use TV as news source) 55% 46% 19% 18% 17% 17% 9% 7% 4% 3% 3% 3% 2% 1% 1% 1+1 112 Ukraine 24 Channel New Channel UA: First NTN 2+2 Еспресо TV K1 Mega Inter Ukraine ICTV STB 5 Channel
  • 7. 31%respondents use social networks as news souse Most popular social networks* (Share from an overall number of respondents who use social networks to get news) 65% 38% 33% 4% 1% 1% Vkontakte Odnoklassniki Facebook Twitter Moi Mir Instagram * The poll was conducted using the method of ‘face to face’ interview during the period of 7 and 2th of August 2015 by the sociologic company ‘FAMA’ within the framework of the complex sociologic research ‘Conflict in Media & Media in conflict: communicating sensitive topics by means of media’. The research was ordered by the School of Journalism of Ukrainian Catholic University and the NGO ‘Lviv Media Forum’ with the financial support of the British Embassy in Ukraine. Overall, 2000 citizens of Ukraine participated in the poll. Confidential probability is 0.954, sampling error is not higher than 2.2%. Questions were open-ended, respondents were not provided with types of responses. They indicated those TV channels or social networks which they had been using during the last week before the poll.
  • 8. What role media outlets played in the intensification of present-day conflicts in Ukraine? What else can cause dissatisfaction of Ukrainians? The project ‘Media in conflict & conflict in media: communicating sensitive issues by means of media’ aims to answer these questions, and, along with Ukrainian media outlets, to try to decrease the level of tensions in society. This project’s aim is not to criticize Ukrainian media, but to find a common ground for understanding between authorities, media and society, and to eliminate the threat of challenges hanging over Ukraine. Sociologists conducted in-depth interviews with more than 50 experts in the sphere of media studies, journalism, sociology, political science, anthropology and conflict studies. In addition, the all-Ukraine representative poll and focus groups in Lviv, Kyiv, Kharkiv, Odesa and Dnipropetrovsk have been conducted. We are sincerely grateful to all participants of this research for their input. We strongly hope that this research will stimulate Ukrainian media for wise decisions. With regards, NGO ‘Lviv Media Forum’, School of Journalism, Ukrainian Catholic University This publication was funded by the British Embassy in Ukraine as part of the project ‘Media in conflict & conflict in media: communicating sensitive issues by means of media’ imple- mented by Ukrainian Catholic University and NGO ‘Lviv Media Forum’. The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and may not coincide with the official position of the UK Government. Details of the research results you can find on the official website of NGO ‘Lviv Media Forum’: lvivmediaforum.com